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Back Pain HELP
Based on 12,555 articles since 2008
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These are the 12555 published articles about Back Pain that originated from Worldwide during 2008-2017.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
Pages: 1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 · 11 · 12 · 13 · 14 · 15 · 16 · 17 · 18 · 19 · 20
1 Guideline PURLs: More isn't better with acute low back pain treatment. 2016

Frazer, Kevin / Stevermer, James J. ·Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia, MO, USA. ·J Fam Pract · Pubmed #27474822.

ABSTRACT: Adding cyclobenzaprine or oxycodone/acetaminophen to naproxen for the treatment of acute low back pain does nothing more than increase adverse effects.

2 Guideline Clinical Practice Guideline: Chiropractic Care for Low Back Pain. 2016

Globe, Gary / Farabaugh, Ronald J / Hawk, Cheryl / Morris, Craig E / Baker, Greg / Whalen, Wayne M / Walters, Sheryl / Kaeser, Martha / Dehen, Mark / Augat, Thomas. ·Senior Manager, Global Health Economics, Amgen, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA. Electronic address: gglobe@amgen.com. · Private Practice, Columbus, OH. · Executive Director, Northwest Center for Lifestyle and Functional Medicine, University of Western States, Portland, OR. · Private Practice, Torrance, CA. · Private Practice, Chatsworth, GA. Electronic address: drgregbaker@yahoo.com. · Private Practice, Santee, CA. · Reference Librarian, Logan University, Chesterfield, MO. · Director of Academic Assessment, Logan University, Chesterfield, MO. · Private Practice, Mankato, MN. · Private Practice, Brunswick, ME. ·J Manipulative Physiol Ther · Pubmed #26804581.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to provide an update of a previously published evidence-based practice guideline on chiropractic management of low back pain. METHODS: This project updated and combined 3 previous guidelines. A systematic review of articles published between October 2009 through February 2014 was conducted to update the literature published since the previous Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) guideline was developed. Articles with new relevant information were summarized and provided to the Delphi panel as background information along with the previous CCGPP guidelines. Delphi panelists who served on previous consensus projects and represented a broad sampling of jurisdictions and practice experience related to low back pain management were invited to participate. Thirty-seven panelists participated; 33 were doctors of chiropractic (DCs). In addition, public comment was sought by posting the consensus statements on the CCGPP Web site. The RAND-UCLA methodology was used to reach formal consensus. RESULTS: Consensus was reached after 1 round of revisions, with an additional round conducted to reach consensus on the changes that resulted from the public comment period. Most recommendations made in the original guidelines were unchanged after going through the consensus process. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence supports that doctors of chiropractic are well suited to diagnose, treat, co-manage, and manage the treatment of patients with low back pain disorders.

3 Guideline Reccomendations for the detection, study and referral of inflammatory low-back pain in primary care. 2015

Juanola Roura, Xavier / Collantes Estévez, Eduardo / León Vázquez, Fernando / Torres Villamor, Antonio / García Yébenes, María Jesús / Queiro Silva, Rubén / Gratacós Masmitja, Jordi / García Criado, Emilio / Giménez, Sergio / Carmona, Loreto / Anonymous530940. ·Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Hospitalet de Llobregat, España; Institut d'Investigació Biomédica de Bellvitge, Barcelona, España; Grupo de Estudio de las Espondiloartritis de la SER. · Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba,, Córdoba, España; Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, España; Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, España; Grupo de Estudio de las Espondiloartritis de la SER. · Centro de Salud Universitario San Juan de la Cruz, Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, España. · Centro de Salud Arroyo de la Media Legua, Servicio Madrileño de Salud, Madrid, España. · Instituto de Salud Musculoesquelética, Madrid, España. · Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, España; Grupo de Estudio de las Espondiloartritis de la SER. · Hospital Parc Taulí, Sabadell, Barcelona, España; Grupo de Estudio de las Espondiloartritis de la SER. · Unidad de Gestión Clínica Fuensanta, Córdoba, España; Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria (SEMERGEN-AP). · Unidad de Gestión Clínica Limonar, Málaga, España; Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria (SEMERGEN-AP). · Instituto de Salud Musculoesquelética, Madrid, España. Electronic address: loreto.carmona@inmusc.eu. · ·Reumatol Clin · Pubmed #25241260.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To design a strategy for the early detection and referral of patients with possible spondyloarthritis based on recommendations developed, agreed upon, and directed to primary care physicians. METHODS: We used a modified RAND/UCLA methodology plus a systematic literature review. The information was presented to a discussion group formed by rheumatologists and primary care physicians. The group studied the process map and proposed recommendations and algorithms that were subsequently submitted in two Delphi rounds to a larger group of rheumatologists and primary care physicians. The final set of recommendations was derived from the analysis of the second Delphi round. RESULTS: We present the recommendations, along with their mean level of agreement, on the early referral of patients with possible spondyloarthritis. The panel recommends that the study of chronic low back pain in patients under 45 years be performed in four phases 1) clinical: key questions, 2) clinical: extra questions, 3) physical examination, and 4) additional tests. CONCLUSIONS: The level of agreement with these simple recommendations is high. It is necessary to design strategies for the education and sensitization from rheumatology services to maintain an optimal collaboration with primary care and to facilitate referral to rheumatology departments.

4 Guideline [German Society for Rheumatology S3 guidelines on axial spondyloarthritis including Bechterew's disease and early forms: 3 Clinical symptoms]. 2014

Kiltz, U / Rudwaleit, M / Sieper, J / Krause, D / Chenot, J-F / Stallmach, A / Jaresch, S / Oberschelp, U / Schneider, E / Swoboda, B / Böhm, H / Heiligenhaus, A / Pleyer, U / Böhncke, W-H / Stemmer, M / Braun, J / Anonymous4290805. ·Deutsche Gesellschaft für Rheumatologie (DGRh), -, -, Uta.Kiltz@elisabethgruppe.de. · ·Z Rheumatol · Pubmed #25181971.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

5 Guideline Report of the National Institutes of Health task force on research standards for chronic low back pain. 2014

Deyo, Richard A / Dworkin, Samuel F / Amtmann, Dagmar / Andersson, Gunnar / Borenstein, David / Carragee, Eugene / Carrino, John / Chou, Roger / Cook, Karon / DeLitto, Anthony / Goertz, Christine / Khalsa, Partap / Loeser, John / Mackey, Sean / Panagis, James / Rainville, James / Tosteson, Tor / Turk, Dennis / Von Korff, Michael / Weiner, Debra K / Anonymous5580803. ·Professor, Department of Family Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR; Professor, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR; Professor, Department of Public Health & Community Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR. Electronic address: deyor@ohsu.edu. · Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. · Research Associate Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. · Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL. · Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC. · Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA. · Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. · Professor, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR; Professor, Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR. · Research Associate Professor, Department of Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL. · Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. · Vice Chancellor of Research & Health Policy, Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Palmer College of Chiropractic, Davenport, IA. · Deputy Director, National Institutes of Health, Division of Extramural Research, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Bethesda, MD. · Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; Professor Emeritus, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. · Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. · Program Director, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH, Orthopaedics Research Program, Bethesda, MD. · Chief, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, New England Baptist Hospital, Roxbury Crossing, MA. · Professor, Department of Community and Family Medicine and The Dartmouth Institute, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH. · Professor Emeritus, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. · Senior Investigator, Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, WA. · Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Professor, Department of Anesthesiology; University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. Geriatric Research, Educational and Clinical Center, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA. · ·J Manipulative Physiol Ther · Pubmed #25127996.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Despite rapidly increasing intervention, functional disability due to chronic low back pain (cLBP) has increased in recent decades. We often cannot identify mechanisms to explain the major negative impact cLBP has on patients' lives. Such cLBP is often termed nonspecific and may be due to multiple biologic and behavioral etiologies. Researchers use varied inclusion criteria, definitions, baseline assessments, and outcome measures, which impede comparisons and consensus. The purpose of this article is to disseminate the report of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) task force on research standards for cLBP. METHODS: The NIH Pain Consortium charged a research task force (RTF) to draft standards for research on cLBP. The resulting multidisciplinary panel developed a 3-stage process, each with a 2-day meeting. RESULTS: The panel recommended using 2 questions to define cLBP; classifying cLBP by its impact (defined by pain intensity, pain interference, and physical function); use of a minimal data set to describe research subjects (drawing heavily on the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System methodology); reporting "responder analyses" in addition to mean outcome scores; and suggestions for future research and dissemination. The Pain Consortium has approved these recommendations, which investigators should incorporate into NIH grant proposals. CONCLUSIONS: The RTF believes that these recommendations will advance the field, help to resolve controversies, and facilitate future research addressing the genomic, neurologic, and other mechanistic substrates of cLBP. Greater consistency in reporting should facilitate comparisons among studies and the development of phenotypes. We expect the RTF recommendations will become a dynamic document and undergo continual improvement.

6 Guideline Chronic nonspecific low back pain: rehabilitation. 2013

Anonymous450776. ·Projeto Diretrizes da Associação Médica Brasileira, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. ·Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) · Pubmed #24239032.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

7 Guideline Referral strategy for early recognition of axial spondyloarthritis: consensus recommendations from the Hong Kong Society of Rheumatology. 2013

Mok, C C / Tam, L S / Leung, M H / Ying, K Y / To, C H / Lee, K L / Ho, L Y / Yip, M L / Tsui, H S / Chan, T H / Lee, K W / Li, E K M / Anonymous5540773. ·Department of Medicine, Tuen Mun Hospital. · ·Int J Rheum Dis · Pubmed #24164836.

ABSTRACT: Low back pain is one of commonest problems prompting a visit to the family physician. Up to 5% of patients with chronic low back pain in the primary care setting are diagnosed as having spondyloarthritis, which includes the prototype disease ankylosing spondylitis. Making a diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis is often delayed for years, leading to significant pain, impairment of quality of life, disability and productivity loss. A recent breakthrough in the treatment of spondyloarthritis is the anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha biologics, which lead to rapid relief of pain and inflammation, and improvement in all clinical parameters of the disease. Patients with early spondyloarthritis often respond better than those with late established disease. With proper recognition of inflammatory back pain, and the use of magnetic resonance imaging, spondyloarthritis can now be diagnosed much earlier before features are evident on plain radiographs. Referral to the rheumatologist based on onset of back pain (> 3 months) before the age of 45 years, and an inflammatory nature of the pain, or the presence of human leukocyte antigen-B27, or sacroiliitis by imaging, have been confirmed in multi-center international studies to be a pragmatic approach to enable early diagnosis of spondyloarthritis. This referral strategy has recently been adopted by the Hong Kong Society of Rheumatology for primary care physicians and non-rheumatology specialists.

8 Guideline Low back and radicular pain: a pathway for care developed by the British Pain Society. 2013

Lee, J / Gupta, S / Price, C / Baranowski, A P / Anonymous2360762. ·Pain Medicine, Cayman Islands Hospital, PO Box 915, Grand Cayman KY1-1103, Cayman Islands. john.lee@uclmail.net · ·Br J Anaesth · Pubmed #23794653.

ABSTRACT: These consensus guidelines aim to provide an overview of best practice for managing chronic spinal pain reflecting the heterogeneity of low back pain. Most guidelines have covered only one aspect of spinal care and thus have been divisive and potentially worsened the quality of care. Additionally, some of the evidence base is subjective and of poor quality. The British Pain Society low back pain pathway has reached across all disciplines and involved input from patients. It is recognized, however, that there is an urgent need for further good-quality clinical research in this area to underpin future guidelines. Considerable work is still needed to clarify the evidence; however, foundations have been laid with this pathway. Key features include: risk stratification; clarification of intensity of psychological interventions; a logical progression for the management of sciatica; and decision points for considering structural interventions such as spinal injections and surgery.

9 Guideline [Diagnosis and conservative treatment of low back pain: review and guidelines of the Croatian Vertebrologic Society]. 2012

Grazio, Simeon / Curković, Bozidar / Vlak, Tonko / Kes, Vanja Basić / Jelić, Miroslav / Buljan, Danijel / Gnjidić, Zoja / Nemcić, Tomislav / Grubisić, Frane / Borić, Igor / Kauzlarić, Neven / Mustapić, Matej / Demarin, Vida / Anonymous6340762. ·Klinika za reumatologiju, fizikalnu medicinu i rehabilitaciju, KBC Sestre milosrdnice, Zagreb, Hrvatska. simeon.grazio@zg.t-com.hr · ·Acta Med Croatica · Pubmed #23814971.

ABSTRACT: Low back pain (LBP) is a very common condition with high costs of patient care. Medical doctors of various specialties from Croatia have brought an up-to-date review and guidelines for diagnosis and conservative treatment of low back pain, which should result in the application of evidence-based care and eventually better outcomes. As LBP is a multifactorial disease, it is often not possible to identify which factors may be responsible for the onset of LBP and to what extent they aggravate the patient's symptoms. In the diagnostic algorithm, patient's history and clinical examination have the key role. Furthermore, most important is to classify patients into those with nonspecific back pain, LBP associated with radiculopathy (radicular syndrome) and LBP potentially associated with suspected or confirmed severe pathology. Not solely a physical problem, LBP should be considered through psychosocial factors too. In that case, early identification of patients who will develop chronic back pain will be helpful because it determines the choice of treatment. In order to make proper assessment of a patient with LBP (i.e. pain, function), we should use validated questionnaires. Useful approach to a patient with LBP is to apply the principles of content management. Generally, acute and chronic LBP cases are treated differently. Besides providing education, in patients with acute back pain, advice seems to be crucial (especially to remain active), along with the use of drugs (primarily in terms of pain control), while in some patients spinal manipulation (performed by educated professional) or/and short-term use of lumbosacral orthotic devices can also be considered. The main goal of treating patients with chronic LBP is renewal of function, even in case of persistent pain. For chronic LBP, along with education and medical treatment, therapeutic exercise, physical therapy and massage are recommended, while in patients with a high level of disability intensive multidisciplinary biopsychosocial approach has proved to be effective.

10 Guideline Clinical policy: critical issues in the prescribing of opioids for adult patients in the emergency department. 2012

Cantrill, Stephen V / Brown, Michael D / Carlisle, Russell J / Delaney, Kathleen A / Hays, Daniel P / Nelson, Lewis S / O'Connor, Robert E / Papa, Annmarie / Sporer, Karl A / Todd, Knox H / Whitson, Rhonda R / Anonymous240738. · ·Ann Emerg Med · Pubmed #23010181.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

11 Guideline Low back pain. 2012

Delitto, Anthony / George, Steven Z / Van Dillen, Linda R / Whitman, Julie M / Sowa, Gwendolyn / Shekelle, Paul / Denninger, Thomas R / Godges, Joseph J / Anonymous380984. ·School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. delitto@pitt.edu · ·J Orthop Sports Phys Ther · Pubmed #22466247.

ABSTRACT: The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these low back pain clinical practice guidelines, in particular, is to describe the peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to (1) treatment matched to low back pain subgroup responder categories, (2) treatments that have evidence to prevent recurrence of low back pain, and (3) treatments that have evidence to influence the progression from acute to chronic low back pain and disability.

12 Guideline Practice guidelines for the management of low back pain. Consensus Group of Practice Parameters to Manage Low Back Pain. 2011

Guevara-López, Uría / Covarrubias-Gómez, Alfredo / Elías-Dib, Jorge / Reyes-Sánchez, Alejandro / Rodríguez-Reyna, Tatiana Sofía / Anonymous5550719. ·Dirección de Educación e Investigación en Salud, Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad Dr. Victorio de la Fuente Narváez, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, México, DF, Mexico. uriahguevara91@yahoo.com.mx · ·Cir Cir · Pubmed #22381000.

ABSTRACT: It has been documented that pain in its diverse modalities is the most common cause of medical attention. In Mexico, an increase in its frequency has promoted its consideration in several health programs. On the other hand, inadequate pain management will cause severe physical, psychoaffective, and socioeconomic repercussions for patients, families, and public health services. Despite this panorama, there has not been an agreement to establish better diagnostic and therapeutic methods for the management of chronic pain. A consensus group was reunited and was integrated by medical experts from private and public institutions and from various states of the Mexican Republic. To assure the development of these practice guidelines, these experts had experience in the assessment and treatment of conditions causing pain. With the guidelines used by other consensus groups, meetings were held to analyze and discuss published literary evidence for the management of low back pain. The recommendations were classified according to their methodological strength. As a result of this meeting, consensus recommendations were based on evidence and operational conclusions of such proactive educational plans, institutional policies and diagnostic recommendations for pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment in order for Mexican physicians to provide a better therapeutic approach to low back pain.

13 Guideline [Epidural spinal cord stimulation for therapy of chronic pain. Summary of the S3 guidelines]. 2011

Tronnier, V / Baron, R / Birklein, F / Eckert, S / Harke, H / Horstkotte, D / Hügler, P / Hüppe, M / Kniesel, B / Maier, C / Schütze, G / Thoma, R / Treede, R D / Vadokas, V / Anonymous470706. ·Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Lübeck, Deutschland. volker.tronnier@uk-sh.de · ·Schmerz · Pubmed #21938604.

ABSTRACT: Epidural spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a reversible but invasive procedure which should be used for neuropathic pain, e.g. complex regional pain syndrome I (CRPS) and for mostly chronic radiculopathy in connection with failed back surgery syndrome following unsuccessful conservative therapy. Epidural SCS can also successfully be used after exclusion of curative procedures and conservative therapy attempts for vascular-linked pain, such as in peripheral arterial occlusive disease stages II and III according to Fontaine and refractory angina pectoris. Clinical practice has shown which clinical symptoms cannot be successfully treated by epidural SCS, e.g. pain in complete paraplegia syndrome or atrophy/injury of the sensory pathways of the spinal cord or cancer pain. A decisive factor is a critical patient selection as well as the diagnosis. Epidural SCS should always be used within an interdisciplinary multimodal therapy concept. Implementation should only be carried out in experienced therapy centers which are in a position to deal with potential complications.

14 Guideline Evidence-based risk assessment and recommendations for physical activity: arthritis, osteoporosis, and low back pain. 2011

Chilibeck, Philip D / Vatanparast, Hassanali / Cornish, Stephen M / Abeysekara, Saman / Charlesworth, Sarah. ·College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, 87 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, Canada. phil.chilibeck@usask.ca · ·Appl Physiol Nutr Metab · Pubmed #21800948.

ABSTRACT: We systematically reviewed the safety of physical activity (PA) for people with arthritis, osteoporosis, and low back pain. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Sport Discus, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1966 through March 2008) for relevant articles on PA and adverse events. A total of 111 articles met our inclusion criteria. The incidence for adverse events during PA was 3.4%-11% (0.06%-2.4% serious adverse events) and included increased joint pain, fracture, and back pain for those with arthritis, osteoporosis, and low back pain, respectively. Recommendations were based on the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation, which applies Levels of Evidence based on type of study ranging from high-quality randomized controlled trials (Level 1) to anecdotal evidence (Level 4) and Grades from A (strong) to C (weak). Our main recommendations are that (i) arthritic patients with highly progressed forms of disease should avoid heavy load-bearing activities, but should participate in non-weight-bearing activities (Level 2, Grade A); and (ii) patients with osteoporosis should avoid trunk flexion (Level 2, Grade A) and powerful twisting of the trunk (Level 3, Grade C); (iii) patients with acute low back pain can safely do preference-based PA (i.e., PA that does not induce pain), including low back extension and flexion (Level 2, Grade B); (iv) arthritic patients with stable disease without progressive joint damage and patients with stable osteoporosis or low back pain can safely perform a variety of progressive aerobic or resistance-training PAs (Level 2, Grades A and B). Overall, the adverse event incidence from reviewed studies was low. PA can safely be done by most individuals with musculoskeletal conditions.

15 Guideline American Osteopathic Association guidelines for osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for patients with low back pain. 2010

Anonymous310681 / Anonymous320681. · ·J Am Osteopath Assoc · Pubmed #21135197.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement conventional treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, including those that cause low back pain. Osteopathic manipulative treatment is defined in the Glossary of Osteopathic Terminology as: "The therapeutic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician (US Usage) to improve physiologic function and/or support homeostasis that has been altered by somatic dysfunction. OMT employs a variety of techniques." Somatic dysfunction is defined as: "Impaired or altered function of related components of the somatic (body framework) system: skeletal, arthrodial and myofascial structures, and their related vascular, lymphatic, and neural elements. Somatic dysfunction is treatable using osteopathic manipulative treatment." Previous published guidelines have been based on literature reviews and meta-analyses of spinal manipulation for low back pain. They have not specifically addressed OMT and generally have focused on spinal manipulation as an alternative to conventional treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of OMT for somatic dysfunction associated with low back pain by osteopathic physicians and osteopathic practitioners trained in osteopathic palpatory diagnosis and manipulative treatment. METHODS: Computerized bibliographic searches of MEDLINE, OLDMEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, MANTIS, OSTMED (OSTMED.DR), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were supplemented with additional database and manual searches of the literature. Six trials, involving eight OMT vs control treatment comparisons, were included because they were randomized controlled trials of OMT that involved blinded assessment of low back pain in ambulatory settings. Data on trial methodology, OMT and control treatments, and low back pain outcomes were abstracted by two independent reviewers. Effect sizes were computed using Cohen d statistic, and meta-analysis results were weighted by the inverse variance of individual comparisons. In addition to the overall meta-analysis, subgroup meta-analyses were performed according to control treatment, country where the trial was conducted, and duration of follow-up. Sensitivity analyses were performed for both the overall and subgroup meta-analyses. RESULTS: Osteopathic manipulative treatment significantly reduced low back pain (effect size, -0.30; 95% confidence interval, -0.47 to -0.13; P=.001). Subgroup analyses demonstrated significant pain reductions in trials of OMT vs active treatment or placebo control and OMT vs no treatment control. There were significant pain reductions with OMT regardless of whether trials were performed in the United Kingdom or the United States. Significant pain reductions were also observed during short-, inter mediate-, and long-term follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Osteopathic manipulative treatment significantly reduces low back pain. The level of pain reduction is clinically important, greater than expected from placebo effects alone, and may persist through the first year of treatment. Additional research is warranted to elucidate mechanistically how OMT exerts its effects, to determine if OMT benefits extend beyond the first year of treatment, and to assess the cost-effectiveness of OMT as a complementary treatment for low back pain.

16 Guideline Comprehensive evidence-based guidelines for interventional techniques in the management of chronic spinal pain. 2009

Manchikanti, Laxmaiah / Boswell, Mark V / Singh, Vijay / Benyamin, Ramsin M / Fellows, Bert / Abdi, Salahadin / Buenaventura, Ricardo M / Conn, Ann / Datta, Sukdeb / Derby, Richard / Falco, Frank J E / Erhart, Stephanie / Diwan, Sudhir / Hayek, Salim M / Helm, Standiford / Parr, Allan T / Schultz, David M / Smith, Howard S / Wolfer, Lee R / Hirsch, Joshua A / Anonymous1110635. ·Pain Management Center of Paducah, Paducah, KY, USA. drlm@thepainmd.com · ·Pain Physician · Pubmed #19644537.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Comprehensive, evidence-based guidelines for interventional techniques in the management of chronic spinal pain are described here to provide recommendations for clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To develop evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for interventional techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic spinal pain. DESIGN: Systematic assessment of the literature. METHODS: Strength of evidence was assessed by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) criteria utilizing 5 levels of evidence ranging from Level I to III with 3 subcategories in Level II. OUTCOMES: Short-term pain relief was defined as relief lasting at least 6 months and long-term relief was defined as longer than 6 months, except for intradiscal therapies, mechanical disc decompression, spinal cord stimulation and intrathecal infusion systems, wherein up to one year relief was considered as short-term. RESULTS: The indicated evidence for accuracy of diagnostic facet joint nerve blocks is Level I or II-1 in the diagnosis of lumbar, thoracic, and cervical facet joint pain. The evidence for lumbar and cervical provocation discography and sacroiliac joint injections is Level II-2, whereas it is Level II-3 for thoracic provocation discography. The indicated evidence for therapeutic interventions is Level I for caudal epidural steroid injections in managing disc herniation or radiculitis, and discogenic pain without disc herniation or radiculitis. The evidence is Level I or II-1 for percutaneous adhesiolysis in management of pain secondary to post-lumbar surgery syndrome. The evidence is Level II-1 or II-2 for therapeutic cervical, thoracic, and lumbar facet joint nerve blocks; for caudal epidural injections in managing pain of post-lumbar surgery syndrome, and lumbar spinal stenosis, for cervical interlaminar epidural injections in managing cervical pain (Level II-1); for lumbar transforaminal epidural injections; and spinal cord stimulation for post-lumbar surgery syndrome. The indicated evidence for intradiscal electrothermal therapy (IDET), mechanical disc decompression with automated percutaneous lumbar discectomy (APLD), and percutaneous lumbar laser discectomy (PLDD) is Level II-2. LIMITATIONS: The limitations of these guidelines include a continued paucity of the literature, lack of updates, and conflicts in preparation of systematic reviews and guidelines by various organizations. CONCLUSION: The indicated evidence for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions is variable from Level I to III. These guidelines include the evaluation of evidence for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in managing chronic spinal pain and recommendations for managing spinal pain. However, these guidelines do not constitute inflexible treatment recommendations. Further, these guidelines also do not represent "standard of care."

17 Guideline Interventional therapies, surgery, and interdisciplinary rehabilitation for low back pain: an evidence-based clinical practice guideline from the American Pain Society. 2009

Chou, Roger / Loeser, John D / Owens, Douglas K / Rosenquist, Richard W / Atlas, Steven J / Baisden, Jamie / Carragee, Eugene J / Grabois, Martin / Murphy, Donald R / Resnick, Daniel K / Stanos, Steven P / Shaffer, William O / Wall, Eric M / Anonymous3840626. ·Department of Medicine, Oregon Evidence-based Practice Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA. chour@ohsu.edu · ·Spine (Phila Pa 1976) · Pubmed #19363457.

ABSTRACT: STUDY DESIGN: Clinical practice guideline. OBJECTIVE: To develop evidence-based recommendations on use of interventional diagnostic tests and therapies, surgeries, and interdisciplinary rehabilitation for low back pain of any duration, with or without leg pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Management of patients with persistent and disabling low back pain remains a clinical challenge. A number of interventional diagnostic tests and therapies and surgery are available and their use is increasing, but in some cases their utility remains uncertain or controversial. Interdisciplinary rehabilitation has also been proposed as a potentially effective noninvasive intervention for persistent and disabling low back pain. METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel was convened by the American Pain Society. Its recommendations were based on a systematic review that focused on evidence from randomized controlled trials. Recommendations were graded using methods adapted from the US Preventive Services Task Force and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation Working Group. RESULTS: Investigators reviewed 3348 abstracts. A total of 161 randomized trials were deemed relevant to the recommendations in this guideline. The panel developed a total of 8 recommendations. CONCLUSION: Recommendations on use of interventional diagnostic tests and therapies, surgery, and interdisciplinary rehabilitation are presented. Due to important trade-offs between potential benefits, harms, costs, and burdens of alternative therapies, shared decision-making is an important component of a number of the recommendations.

18 Guideline Diagnosis and management of patients at risk of or with metastatic spinal cord compression: summary of NICE guidance. 2008

White, B D / Stirling, A J / Paterson, E / Asquith-Coe, K / Melder, A / Anonymous4520616. ·Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH. barrie.white@nuh.nhs.uk · ·BMJ · Pubmed #19039017.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

19 Guideline A review and proposal for a core set of factors for prospective cohorts in low back pain: a consensus statement. 2008

Pincus, Tamar / Santos, Rita / Breen, Alan / Burton, A Kim / Underwood, Martin / Anonymous1700589. ·Royal Holloway, University of London, London, UK. t.pincus@rhul.ac.uk · ·Arthritis Rheum · Pubmed #18163411.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

20 Editorial The Role of Spinal Manipulation in the Treatment of Low Back Pain. 2017

Deyo, Richard A. ·Department of Family Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland2Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland3Oregon Institute for Occupational Health Sciences, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland. ·JAMA · Pubmed #28399236.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

21 Editorial Implementation of a resident handling programme and low back pain in elder care workers. 2017

Holtermann, Andreas. · ·Occup Environ Med · Pubmed #28314757.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

22 Editorial It is time to stop causing harm with inappropriate imaging for low back pain. 2017

Darlow, Ben / Forster, Bruce B / O'Sullivan, Kieran / O'Sullivan, Peter. ·Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand. · Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. · University of Limerick, Ireland and Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar. · School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia. ·Br J Sports Med · Pubmed #27797737.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

23 Editorial Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: current status of evidence. 2017

Johnson, Mark I / Jones, Gareth. ·Centre for Pain Research, School of Clinical & Applied Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, City Campus, Leeds, LS1 3HE, UK. ·Pain Manag · Pubmed #27641909.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

24 Editorial Oh, No, Another Patient with Back Pain. 2016

Rish, James A / Magellan, Nia / Maurer, Janet. · ·J Miss State Med Assoc · Pubmed #27141772.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

25 Editorial 2015 JOSPT Awards: Back Pain and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Are a Continued Focus of Research and Clinical Attention in Physical Therapy. 2016

Simoneau, Guy G. · ·J Orthop Sports Phys Ther · Pubmed #27032528.

ABSTRACT: During the American Physical Therapy Association's Combined Sections Meeting in Anaheim, California in February 2016, JOSPT recognized the authors of the most outstanding research and clinical practice manuscripts published in JOSPT during the 2015 calendar year. The 2015 JOSPT Excellence in Research Award was presented to Björn Aasa, Lars Berglund, Peter Michaelson, and Ulrika Aasa for their paper titled "Individualized Low-Load Motor Control Exercises and Education Versus a High-Load Lifting Exercise and Education to Improve Activity, Pain Intensity, and Physical Performance in Patients With Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial." The 2015 George J. Davies-James A. Gould Excellence in Clinical Inquiry Award was presented to Anne Benjaminse, Alli Gokeler, Bert Otten, Ariel V. Dowling, Avery Faigenbaum, Kevin R. Ford, Timothy E. Hewett, James A. Onate, and Gregory D. Myer for their work titled "Optimization of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Prevention Paradigm: Novel Feedback Techniques to Enhance Motor Learning and Reduce Injury Risk."

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