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Breast Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Stephen Karlovits
Based on 2 articles published since 2010
(Why 2 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Steven Karlovits wrote the following 2 articles about Breast Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Short-Term Follow-Up Mammography in Breast Conservation Therapy Likely Leads to Unnecessary Downstream Workup: A Longitudinal Study. 2018

Hasan, Shaakir / Abel, Stephen / Simpson-Camp, LaShondria / Witten, Meredith / Aguilera, Luis / Teng, Leslie / Philp, Frances Hite / Julian, Thomas B / Trombetta, Mark / Karlovits, Stephen / Cowher, Michael. ·Allegheny Health Network, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: Shaakir.Hasan@ahn.org. · Allegheny Health Network, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #29102277.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of post-radiation therapy (XRT) mammographic timing and radiation technique in relation to additional downstream workup for 569 breast conservation therapy patients treated with adjuvant XRT after their initial surveillance mammogram (MMG). METHODS AND MATERIALS: From January 2011 to December 2014, 569 breast cancer patients treated with breast conservation surgery and adjuvant XRT with a follow-up MMG were reviewed. Patients were stratified by the time interval until their first post-XRT MMG, and by XRT technique-whole breast (472), accelerated partial breast (96), conventional fractionation (373), hypofractionation (94), surgical cavity boosts (407), or no boost (66). The primary endpoint was further imaging after the initial MMG. RESULTS: Additional workup for those receiving an MMG within 3 months of completing XRT was 51% (73 of 143), compared with 40% (84 of 210) with MMG between 3 and 6 months and 34.5% (75 of 216) with MMG after 6 months (P=.04). Radiation boost to the postoperative bed was associated with further downstream imaging, whereas accelerated partial-breast irradiation and hypofractionated treatment were not. CONCLUSIONS: Breast conservation therapy patients who underwent screening MMG before 6 months after completion of XRT were more likely to undergo downstream workup, including additional biopsies. Accelerated and hypofractionated radiation techniques were not associated with supplementary workup. Further study is needed to assess appropriate selection of high-risk patients and possible negative implications of earlier post-XRT screening MMG.

2 Article The shifting landscape of metastatic breast cancer to the CNS. 2013

Quigley, Matthew R / Fukui, Olivia / Chew, Brandon / Bhatia, Sanjay / Karlovits, Steven. ·Department of Neurosurgery, Allegheny General Hospital, 420 East North Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15212, USA. q@mattquigley.com ·Neurosurg Rev · Pubmed #23262837.

ABSTRACT: The improved survival following the diagnosis of breast cancer has potentially altered the characteristics and course of patients presenting with CNS involvement. We therefore sought to define our current cohort of breast cancer patients with metastatic disease to the CNS in regard to modern biomarkers and clinical outcome. Review of clinical and radiographic records of women presenting to a tertiary medical center with the new diagnosis of CNS metastatic disease from breast cancer. This was a retrospective review from patients identities obtained from two prospective databases. There were 88 women analyzed who were treated over the period of January 2003 to February 2010, average age 56.9 years. At the time of initial presentation of CNS disease, 68 % of patients had multiple brain metastases, 17 % had a solitary metastasis, and 15 % had only leptomeningeal disease (LMD). The median survival for all patients from the time of diagnosis of breast disease was 50.0 months, and 9.7 months from diagnosis of CNS involvement. The only factor related to overall survival was estrogen receptor-positive pathology (57.6 v. 38.2 months, p = .02 log-rank); those related to survival post CNS diagnosis were presentation with LMD (p = .004, HR = 3.1, Cox regression) and triple-negative hormonal/HER2 status (p = .02, HR = 2.3, Cox regression). Patients with either had a median survival of 3.1 months (no patients in common). Of the 75 patients who initially presented with metastatic brain lesions, 20 (26 %) subsequently developed LMD in the course of their disease (median 10.4 months), following which survival was grim (1.8 months median). Symptoms of LMD were most commonly lower extremity weakness (14/33), followed by cranial nerve deficits (11/33). The recently described Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA) tumor index stratified median survival at 2.5, 5.9, 13.1, and 21.7 months, respectively, for indices of 1-4 (p = .004, log-rank), which contrasted with the nonsignificant survival difference between Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Recursive Partitioning Analysis classes one and two. (13.1 v. 13.2, p = .8, log-rank). Treatment of patients with metastatic brain disease from breast cancer should be tailored to the patient's hormonal status and GPA index. Practitioners must be vigilant for the development of LMD, especially as it often presents with nondescript complaints such as back pain.