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Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: HELP
Articles from Iowa
Based on 5 articles published since 2010

These are the 5 published articles about Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic that originated from Iowa during 2010-2020.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Implications of forgiveness enhancement in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. 2010

Toussaint, Loren / Overvold-Ronningen, Mary / Vincent, Ann / Luedtke, Connie / Whipple, Mary / Schriever, Tina / Luskin, Frederic. ·Department of Psychology, Luther College, Decorah, Iowa 52101, USA. touslo01@luther.edu ·J Health Care Chaplain · Pubmed #20658426.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this review is to examine forgiveness as a means to enhance coping with the emotional sequelae of two disorders, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue. As with many chronic illnesses, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue often result in a host of negative emotions including, anger, stress, fear, and depression. We contend that learning to become more forgiving may be a complementary treatment to cope with the ongoing stress, frustration, and negative emotions that result from these two conditions. Our review includes descriptive information on fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue, a brief review of the literature on anger and its influence on health, a review of the connections between forgiveness and well-being, and methods to enhance forgiveness in patients' lives. We conclude with a conceptual model that we hope will be useful to design and/or evaluate work on forgiveness in these patients.

2 Article Neural consequences of post-exertion malaise in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. 2017

Cook, Dane B / Light, Alan R / Light, Kathleen C / Broderick, Gordon / Shields, Morgan R / Dougherty, Ryan J / Meyer, Jacob D / VanRiper, Stephanie / Stegner, Aaron J / Ellingson, Laura D / Vernon, Suzanne D. ·William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI, United States; University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI, United States. Electronic address: dane.cook@wisc.edu. · University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States. · Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States. · University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI, United States. · Iowa State University, Ames, IA, United States. · Bateman Horne Center, Salt Lake City, UT, United States. ·Brain Behav Immun · Pubmed #28216087.

ABSTRACT: Post exertion malaise is one of the most debilitating aspects of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, yet the neurobiological consequences are largely unexplored. The objective of the study was to determine the neural consequences of acute exercise using functional brain imaging. Fifteen female Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome patients and 15 healthy female controls completed 30min of submaximal exercise (70% of peak heart rate) on a cycle ergometer. Symptom assessments (e.g. fatigue, pain, mood) and brain imaging data were collected one week prior to and 24h following exercise. Functional brain images were obtained during performance of: 1) a fatiguing cognitive task - the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task, 2) a non-fatiguing cognitive task - simple number recognition, and 3) a non-fatiguing motor task - finger tapping. Symptom and exercise data were analyzed using independent samples t-tests. Cognitive performance data were analyzed using mixed-model analysis of variance with repeated measures. Brain responses to fatiguing and non-fatiguing tasks were analyzed using linear mixed effects with cluster-wise (101-voxels) alpha of 0.05. Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome patients reported large symptom changes compared to controls (effect size ≥0.8, p<0.05). Patients and controls had similar physiological responses to exercise (p>0.05). However, patients exercised at significantly lower Watts and reported greater exertion and leg muscle pain (p<0.05). For cognitive performance, a significant Group by Time interaction (p<0.05), demonstrated pre- to post-exercise improvements for controls and worsening for patients. Brain responses to finger tapping did not differ between groups at either time point. During number recognition, controls exhibited greater brain activity (p<0.05) in the posterior cingulate cortex, but only for the pre-exercise scan. For the Paced Serial Auditory Addition Task, there was a significant Group by Time interaction (p<0.05) with patients exhibiting increased brain activity from pre- to post-exercise compared to controls bilaterally for inferior and superior parietal and cingulate cortices. Changes in brain activity were significantly related to symptoms for patients (p<0.05). Acute exercise exacerbated symptoms, impaired cognitive performance and affected brain function in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome patients. These converging results, linking symptom exacerbation with brain function, provide objective evidence of the detrimental neurophysiological effects of post-exertion malaise.

3 Article A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Wholistic Hybrid Derived From Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing and Emotional Freedom Technique (WHEE) for Self-Treatment of Pain, Depression, and Anxiety in Chronic Pain Patients. 2017

Benor, Daniel / Rossiter-Thornton, John / Toussaint, Loren. ·1 Energy Medicine University, Mill Valley, CA, USA. · 2 Toronto, Ontario, Canada. · 3 Luther College, Decorah, IA, USA. ·J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med · Pubmed #27432773.

ABSTRACT: In this pilot study, a convenience sample of 24 chronic pain patients (17 with chronic fatigue syndrome/fibromyalgia) were randomized into WHEE treatment and wait-list control groups for 6 weeks. Assessments of depression, anxiety, and pain were completed before, during, and at 1 and 3 months after treatment. Wait-listed patients then received an identical course of WHEE and assessments. WHEE decreased anxiety ( P < .5) and depression ( P < .05) compared with the control group. The wait-list-turned-WHEE assessments demonstrated decreased pain severity ( P < .05) and depression ( P < .04) but not pain interference or anxiety. WHEE appears a promising method for pain, anxiety, and depression in patients with chronic pain, compared to standard medical care alone. Though a small pilot study, the present results suggest that further research appears warranted. An incidental finding was that a majority of patients with chronic pain had suffered psychological trauma in childhood and/or adulthood.

4 Article Prolonged fatigue in Ukraine and the United States: Prevalence and risk factors. 2015

Friedberg, Fred / Tintle, Nathan / Clark, Jake / Bromet, Evelyn J. ·Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Putnam Hall/South Campus, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8790, fred.friedberg@stonybrookmedicine.edu . · Dordt College, Sioux Center, IA 51250, nathan.tintle@dordt.edu . · Dordt College, Math and Statistics, Dordt College, Sioux Center, IA 51250, jclark@dordt.edu . · Putnam Hall/South Campus, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8790, evelyn.bromet@stonybrookmedicine.edu . ·Fatigue · Pubmed #26807341.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Prolonged, severe, unalleviated fatigue may be disabling whether it occurs on its own or in conjunction with medical or psychiatric conditions. This paper compares the prevalence and correlates of prolonged fatigue in general population samples in Ukraine versus the U.S. METHODS: Population surveys were conducted in 2002 in both Ukraine (Ukraine World Mental Health [WMH] Survey) and the U.S. (National Comorbidity Survey-Replication; NCS-R). Both surveys administered the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3.0), which contained modules assessing: neurasthenia (prolonged fatigue); mood, anxiety, and alcohol/drug use disorders; chronic medical conditions; and demographic characteristics. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine risk factors in each country. RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence of prolonged fatigue was higher in Ukraine (5.2%) than the U.S. (3.7%). In both countries, one-fifth of individuals with prolonged fatigue had no medical or DSM-IV psychiatric condition. Also in both settings, fatigue was significantly associated with sociodemographic characteristics (being female, not working, and married before) as well as early onset and adult episodes of mood/anxiety disorder. Fatigue prevalence in Ukraine increased with age, but decreased in the U.S. at age 70. Unique risk factors for fatigue in Ukraine included lower socio-economic status, Ukrainian vs Russian ethnicity, and cardiovascular disease. Unique risk factors in the U.S. were parental depression/anxiety, adult episodes of alcohol/drugs, pain conditions, and other health problems. CONCLUSIONS: The lifetime prevalence of prolonged fatigue in Ukraine was 40% higher than that found in U.S. data. In addition, fatigue prevalence increased sharply with age in Ukraine perhaps due to limited social and medical resources and greater comorbidity.

5 Article A mind-body technique for symptoms related to fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue. 2012

Toussaint, Loren L / Whipple, Mary O / Abboud, Lana L / Vincent, Ann / Wahner-Roedler, Dietlind L. ·Department of Psychology, Luther College, Decorah, IA 52101, USA. touslo01@luther.edu ·Explore (NY) · Pubmed #22385563.

ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: A novel mind-body approach (amygdala retraining) is hypothesized to improve symptoms related to fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of a mind-body approach for improving symptoms related to fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue. DESIGN: This was a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The study was conducted in a tertiary-care fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue clinic. PATIENTS: Patients with fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, or both were included. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive amygdala retraining along with standard care or standard care alone. Standard care involved attending a 1.5-day multidisciplinary program. The amygdala retraining group received an additional 2.5-hour training course in which the key tools and techniques adapted from an existing program were taught to the patient. A home-study video course and associated text were provided to supplement the on-site program. Both groups received telephone calls twice a month to answer questions related to technique and to provide support. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Validated self-report questionnaires related to general health, well-being, and symptoms, including Short Form-36, Measure Yourself Medical Outcome Profile, Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 44 patients randomly assigned who completed baseline assessments, 21 patients completed the study (14 in the standard care group and 7 in the study group). Median age was 48 years (range, 27-56 years), and female subjects comprised 91% of the group. Analyses demonstrated statistically significant improvements in scores for physical health, energy, pain, symptom distress, and fatigue in patients who received the amygdala retraining compared with standard care.