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Depression: HELP
Articles by Cecilia Albala
Based on 5 articles published since 2010
(Why 5 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, Cecilia Albala wrote the following 5 articles about Depression.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Frequency of frailty and its association with cognitive status and survival in older Chileans. 2017

Albala, Cecilia / Lera, Lydia / Sanchez, Hugo / Angel, Barbara / Márquez, Carlos / Arroyo, Patricia / Fuentes, Patricio. ·Public Health Nutrition Unit, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile. · Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Hospital, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile. ·Clin Interv Aging · Pubmed #28721027.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Age-associated brain physiologic decline and reduced mobility are key elements of increased age-associated vulnerability. OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency of frailty phenotype and its association with mental health and survival in older Chileans. METHODS: Follow-up of ALEXANDROS cohorts designed to study disability associated with obesity in community-dwelling people 60 years and older living in Santiago, Chile. At baseline, 2,098 (67% women) of 2,372 participants had the necessary measurements for the identification of the frailty phenotype: weak handgrip dynamometry, unintentional weight loss, fatigue/exhaustion, five chair-stands/slow walking speed and difficulty walking (low physical activity). After 10-15 years, 1,298 people were evaluated and 373 had died. Information regarding deaths was available for the whole sample. RESULTS: The prevalence of frailty at baseline (≥3 criteria) in the whole sample was 13.9% (women 16.4%; men 8.7%) and the pre-frailty prevalence (1-2 criteria) was 63.8% (65.0% vs 61.4%), respectively. Frailty was associated with cognitive impairment (frail 48.1%; pre-frail 21.7%; nonfrail 20.5%, CONCLUSION: Frailty is highly prevalent and strongly associated with cognitive impairment and depression in older Chileans. The risk for death was higher for frail people, but underlying cognitive impairment is a key component of the lower survival rate.

2 Article Aging, Gender and Quality of Life (AGEQOL) study: factors associated with good quality of life in older Brazilian community-dwelling adults. 2014

Campos, Ana Cristina Viana / Ferreira e Ferreira, Efigênia / Vargas, Andréa Maria Duarte / Albala, Cecilia. ·School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Presidente Antônio Carlos 6627, Belo Horizonte, 31270-901, Minas Gerais, Brazil. campos.acv@gmail.com. · Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Presidente Antônio Carlos 6627, Belo Horizonte, 31270-901, Minas Gerais, Brazil. efigeniaf@gmail.com. · Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Presidente Antônio Carlos 6627, Belo Horizonte, 31270-901, Minas Gerais, Brazil. vargasnt@task.com.br. · Unidad Nutrición, Salud Pública y Envejecimiento Saludable, INTA, Universidad de Chile, El Líbano 5524 Macul, Santiago, 138-11, Chile. calbala@uchile.cl. ·Health Qual Life Outcomes · Pubmed #25433521.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In Brazil, a rapidly aging country suffering from large inequalities, the study of the quality of life (QOL) of aged people is important for the future health. The aim of this study was to examine the associations among QOL, gender, and physical and psychosocial health in older Brazilian community-dwelling adults to identify factors that are associated with better QOL. METHODS: The "Aging, Gender and Quality of Life (AGEQOL)" study, which included 2,052 respondents aged 60 or older, was conducted in Sete Lagoas, Brazil between January and July 2012. The respondents answered questions regarding their socioeconomic and demographic information, health and social situations, cognitive impairment, depressive symptoms and family satisfaction. The authors also applied the Brazilian version the World Health Organization Quality of Life QOL Assessment-Brief Instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Older Adults Module (WHOQOL-Old). Ordinal logistic regression with the Proportional-Odds and Logit function was used to test the association between QOL and physical and psychosocial health according to age and socioeconomic status. RESULTS: Older adults of both genders with five or more years of education, good self-rated health, an absence of depressive symptoms, and no family dysfunction reported better QOL. Retired men had a better QOL compared to non-retired men (OR = 2.2; 95% CI = 1.4-3.2), but this association was not observed in females. Men living in mixed arrangements (OR = 0.5; p = 0.033) and women who did not practice physical activity (OR = 0.7; p = 0.022) tended to have poorer QOL. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that there are gender differences related to better QOL in this sample. Women with good physical and psychosocial health are more likely to have a better QOL. For men, the best QOL was associated with high socioeconomic conditions and good physical and psychosocial health.

3 Article [Socioeconomic inequalities in the onset and progression of disability in a cohort of older people in Santiago (Chile)]. 2013

Fuentes-García, Alejandra / Sánchez, Hugo / Lera, Lydia / Cea, Ximena / Albala, Cecilia. ·Escuela de Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile. amfuentes@med.uchile.cl ·Gac Sanit · Pubmed #23291031.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare socioeconomic inequalities in the onset and progression of disability in a cohort of Chilean community-dwelling older people that provides unprecedented information about this process in Chile. METHODS: The data were drawn from a 10-year longitudinal study (2000-2010) that followed a probabilistic and representative sample of the SABE (Health, Welfare and Aging) cohort. The present study was based on 78% (1019) of the baseline sample of adults aged 60 years or more living in Santiago, Chile. Functional limitation was defined on the basis of a combination of six basic activities of daily living, seven instrumental activities, and seven mobility activities (limited, no limited). Socioeconomic position (high, medium and low) was assessed by combining measures of household equipment, wealth, and education. RESULTS: The initial prevalence of functional limitation was 47.3% (95%CI: 44.2-50.4) with a clear socioeconomic gradient (60.1% low, 47.5% medium, and 28.7% high; p<0.001). At the end of the follow-up, older adults with low socioeconomic status remained functionally limited while those with high socioeconomic status remained non-limited. The incidence density of functional limitation also followed a socioeconomic gradient (5.33, 6.59 and 7.73 per 100 years-person for low, medium and high socioeconomic status). Social inequalities were also observed for mortality. CONCLUSION: This study corroborates the social stratification of functional status and mortality, suggesting that aging is not a leveler of inequalities. In Latin-American countries, policies should aim to reduce inequalities by attempting to limit exposure to risk factors and to compensate for deficiencies (especially among the poorest older people) in order to prevent the progression of functional impairment to disability.

4 Article Oral health-related quality of life of older people from three South American cities. 2013

Fuentes-García, Alejandra / Lera, Lydia / Sánchez, Hugo / Albala, Cecilia. ·School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile. ·Gerodontology · Pubmed #22428946.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To describe subjective oral health status and its association with overall health conditions and socioeconomic factors in the elderly (60 years and older) living in the capital cities with the oldest average populations in South America. BACKGROUND: Oral diseases are a public health problem, frequently neglected in older adults. In recent years, the subjective assessment of psychological and social consequences of the problems related to oral health has been valued. One of the instruments used to estimate the Oral Health-Quality of Life is the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment (GOHAI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Representative samples from SABE study (1999-2000) of Santiago (n = 1301), Buenos Aires (n = 1043), and Montevideo (n = 1450) aged 60 and over community-dwelling people. We assessed OH-QoL (GOHAI), self-reported missing teeth, denture use, and self-rated-health, among other indicators. Logistic regression models(GOHAI < 58) for each city, adjusted by sex and age, were applied. RESULTS: GOHAI average scores were higher in Montevideo (54.8 ± 6.1) than in Buenos Aires (53.1 ± 7.4) and Santiago (49.9 ± 8.6). A pronounced gradient of the oral condition and GOHAI scores were observed within the three-cities. Denture use -less prevalent in Santiago and more common among women- is a protective factor against a poor OH-QoL. CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic inequalities in oral health status and OH-QoL are observed in the three cities. The increasing life expectancy emphasizes the need to integrate prevention and treatment efforts, as a way to improve OH-QoL over the course of a lifetime.

5 Article Grandparenting and psychosocial health among older Chileans: a longitudinal analysis. 2012

Grundy, Emily M / Albala, Cecilia / Allen, Elizabeth / Dangour, Alan D / Elbourne, Diana / Uauy, Ricardo. ·Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK. Emily.grundy@Ishtm.ac.uk ·Aging Ment Health · Pubmed #22690765.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To investigate factors associated with Chilean grandparents' provision of help to grandchildren and associations between provision of such help and grandparents' mental well-being two years later. METHODS: Data are drawn from a representative sample of 2000 people aged 66-68 resident in low- or middle-income areas of Santiago who were surveyed in 2005 and re-interviewed two years later. Multivariable analyses were used to investigate factors associated with provision of help to grandchildren at baseline and associations between providing such help and life satisfaction, SF36-Mental Component Summary scores, and depression two years later. RESULTS: 41% of grandparents lived with one or more grandchildren and over half provided four or more hours per week of help to grandchildren. Models controlling for baseline mental health, grandchild characteristics, marital and household characteristics, socio-economic status and functional health showed that grandfathers who provided four or more hours per week of help to grandchildren had better life satisfaction two years later and that those providing material help had higher SF36 MCS scores at follow-up. Grandmothers providing four or more hours of help a week had lower risks of depression. CONCLUSION: Older Chileans make important contributions to their families through the provision of help to grandchildren and these appear to have some benefits for their own psychosocial health. Gender differences in the pattern of associations may reflect differences in overall family responsibilities and merit further investigation.