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Depression: HELP
Articles by C. J. D. G. Barbosa
Based on 3 articles published since 2010
(Why 3 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, C. Barbosa wrote the following 3 articles about Depression.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Guideline [Guidelines of Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia for Unstable Angina and Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (II Edition, 2007) 2013-2014 Update]. 2014

Nicolau, J C / Timerman, A / Marin-Neto, J A / Piegas, L S / Barbosa, C J D G / Franci, A / Avezum, A / Carvalho, A C C / Markman Filho, B / Polanczyk, C A / Rochitte, C E / Serrano Júnior, C V / Precoma, D B / Silva Junior, D G / Albuquerque, D C / Stefanini, E / Knobel, E / Jatene, F B / Feres, F / Morcerf, F A P / Ganem, F / Lima Filho, F A / Feitosa Filho, G S / Ferreira, J F M / Meneghetti, J C / Saraiva, J F K / Silva, L S / Maia, L N / Baracioli, L M / Lisboa, L A F / Dallan, L A O / Bodanese, L C / Andrade, M D / Oliveira Júnior, M / Dutra, O P / Coelho, O R / Leães, P E / Albuquerque, P F / Lemos, P / Kalil, R / Costa, R V C / Esporcate, R / Marino, R L / Botellho, R V / Meneghelo, R S / Sprovieri, S R / Timerman, S / Mathias Júnior, W / Anonymous2700795. · ·Arq Bras Cardiol · Pubmed #24862929.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

2 Article Associations of self-reported and objectively measured sleep disturbances with depression among primary caregivers of children with disabilities. 2016

Orta, Olivia R / Barbosa, Clarita / Velez, Juan Carlos / Gelaye, Bizu / Chen, Xiaoli / Stoner, Lee / Williams, Michelle A. ·Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA. · Worker's Hospital, The Chilean Safety Association, Santiago, Chile. · School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand. ·Nat Sci Sleep · Pubmed #27354835.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association between sleep and depression using both self-reported (subjective) and actigraphic (objective) sleep traits. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 175 female primary caregivers of children with disabilities receiving care at a rehabilitation center in Punta Arenas, Chile. The eight-item Patient Health Questionnaire was used to ascertain participants' depression status. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to define subjective, or perceived, sleep quality. Wrist-worn actigraph monitors, worn for seven consecutive nights, were used to characterize objective sleep quality and disturbances. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to collect information on sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. Linear regression models were fit using continuous sleep parameters as the dependent variables and depression status as the independent variable. Multivariable models were adjusted for body mass index, marital status, smoking status, education level, and children's disabilities. RESULTS: Using an eight-item Patient Health Questionnaire score ≥10, 26.3% of participants presented with depression. Depressed women were more likely to self-report overall poorer (subjective) sleep compared to non-depressed women; however, differences in sleep were not consistently noted using actigraphic (objective) sleep traits. Among the depressed, both sleep duration and total time in bed were significantly underestimated. In multivariable models, depression was negatively associated with sleep duration using both subjective (β=-0.71, standard error [SE] =0.25; P=0.006) and objective sleep (β=-0.42, SE =0.19; P=0.026). CONCLUSION: The association between sleep and depression differed comparing subjective and objective methods of assessment. Research strategies allowing for the integration of both perceived and objective measures of sleep traits are encouraged.

3 Article Psychometric properties and factor structure of the General Health Questionnaire as a screening tool for anxiety and depressive symptoms in a multi-national study of young adults. 2015

Gelaye, Bizu / Tadesse, Mahlet G / Lohsoonthorn, Vitool / Lertmeharit, Somrat / Pensuksan, Wipawan C / Sanchez, Sixto E / Lemma, Seblewengel / Berhane, Yemane / Vélez, Juan Carlos / Barbosa, Clarita / Anderade, Asterio / Williams, Michelle A. ·Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States. Electronic address: bgelaye@hsph.harvard.edu. · Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States; Department of Mathematics & Statistics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, United States. · Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. · School of Nursing, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. · Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Peru. · Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. · Centro de Rehabilitación Club de Leones Cruz del Sur, Punta Arenas, Chile. · Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States. ·J Affect Disord · Pubmed #26342172.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Globally, common psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is a widely used questionnaire for screening or detecting common psychiatric disorders. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability, construct validity and factor structure of the GHQ-12 in a large sample of African, Asian and South American young adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 9077 undergraduate students from Chile, Ethiopia, Peru and Thailand. Students aged 18-35 years were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire that collected information about lifestyle, demographics, and GHQ-12. In each country, the construct validity and factorial structures of the GHQ-12 questionnaire were tested through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA). RESULTS: Overall the GHQ-12 items showed good internal consistency across all countries as reflected by the Cronbach's alpha: Chile (0.86), Ethiopia (0.83), Peru (0.85), and Thailand (0.82). Results from EFA showed that the GHQ-12 had a two-factor solution in Chile, Ethiopia and Thailand, although a three-factor solution was found in Peru. These findings were corroborated by CFA. Indicators of goodness of fit, comparative fit index (CFI), root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), and standardized root mean squared residual, were all in acceptable ranges across study sites. The CFI values for Chile, Ethiopia, Peru and Thailand were 0.964, 0.951, 0.949, and 0.931, respectively. The corresponding RMSEA values were 0.051, 0.050, 0.059, and 0.059. CONCLUSION: Overall, we documented cross-cultural comparability of the GHQ-12 for assessing common psychiatric disorders such as symptoms of depressive and anxiety disorders among young adults. Although the GHQ-12 is typically used as single-factor questionnaire, the results of our EFA and CFA revealed the multi- dimensionality of the scale. Future studies are needed to further evaluate the specific cut points for assessing each component within the multiple factors.