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Gout: HELP
Articles by William B. White
Based on 6 articles published since 2010
(Why 6 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, William B. White wrote the following 6 articles about Gout.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Editorial Gout, Xanthine Oxidase Inhibition, and Cardiovascular Outcomes. 2018

White, William B. ·Calhoun Cardiology Center, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington. ·Circulation · Pubmed #30354393.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

2 Clinical Trial Cardiovascular safety of febuxostat and allopurinol in patients with gout and cardiovascular comorbidities. 2012

White, William B / Chohan, Saima / Dabholkar, Aruna / Hunt, Barbara / Jackson, Robert. ·University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, 06030-3940, USA. wwhite@nso1.uchc.edu ·Am Heart J · Pubmed #22795277.

ABSTRACT: Comprehensive safety evaluation of new drugs for noncardiac indications is needed in the area of cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, particularly in populations with high CV risk such as gout. Febuxostat is a potent nonpurine selective inhibitor of xanthine oxidase approved for the treatment of gout. Long-term CV safety of febuxostat is being established in a randomized, allopurinol-controlled clinical study in patients with gout who have increased CV risk using an analytical approach that provides 90% power to meet a noninferiority margin of 1.3 for the hazard ratio (HR) (febuxostat relative to allopurinol). The primary CV end point for this trial is a composite of CV death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, and unstable angina requiring urgent coronary revascularization. Approximately 7,500 men and women with gout and CV disease are being recruited and will be followed up for up to 5 years postrandomization. The statistical plan for the trial uses a design that evaluates the HR of febuxostat to allopurinol based on the primary CV composite end point when there are a maximum of 624 CV events. Interim analyses will be conducted when approximately 25%, 50%, and 75% of events have occurred. At each analysis, if the upper 1-sided confidence limit of the HR is <1.3, the study will be stopped, and the noninferiority of febuxostat relative to allopurinol with regard to CV risk will be declared. The CARES trial will define the CV safety profile of febuxostat and allopurinol in gout patients at high risk for CV events.

3 Article Integrated safety studies of the urate reabsorption inhibitor lesinurad in treatment of gout. 2019

Terkeltaub, Robert / Saag, Kenneth G / Goldfarb, David S / Baumgartner, Scott / Schechter, Bruce M / Valiyil, Ritu / Jalal, Diana / Pillinger, Michael / White, William B. ·VA Healthcare System, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA. · Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. · Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. · Clinical Research, Ironwood Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA. · Department of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. · Calhoun Cardiology Center, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT, USA. ·Rheumatology (Oxford) · Pubmed #30124941.

ABSTRACT: Objective: Lesinurad (LESU) is a selective urate reabsorption inhibitor approved at 200 mg daily for use with a xanthine oxidase inhibitor (XOI) to treat hyperuricaemia in gout patients failing to achieve target serum urate on XOI. The aim of the study was to investigate the long-term safety of LESU + XOI therapy. Methods: Safety data were pooled from three 12-month phase III (core) trials evaluating LESU 200 and 400 mg/day combined with an XOI (LESU200+XOI and LESU400+XOI), and two 12-month extension studies using descriptive statistics. To adjust for treatment duration, treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were expressed as exposure-adjusted incidence rates (patients with events per 100 person-years). Results: In the core studies, exposure-adjusted incidence rates for total and total renal-related TEAEs were comparable for XOI alone and LESU200+XOI but higher with LESU400+XOI. Exposure-adjusted incidence rates for serum creatinine (sCr) elevations ⩾1.5×baseline were 2.9, 7.3 and 18.7, respectively. Resolution (sCr ⩽1.2×baseline) occurred in 75-90% of all events, with 66-75% occurring without any study medication interruption. Major adverse cardiovascular events were 3, 4 and 9 with XOI, LESU200+XOI and LESU400+XOI, respectively. Longer exposure in core+extension studies did not increase rates for any safety signals. Conclusion: At the approved dose of 200 mg once-daily combined with an XOI, LESU did not increase renal, cardiovascular or other adverse events compared with XOI alone, except for sCr elevations. With extended exposure in the core+extension studies, the safety profile was consistent with that observed in the core studies, and no new safety concerns were identified.

4 Article Cardiovascular Safety of Febuxostat or Allopurinol in Patients with Gout. 2018

White, William B / Saag, Kenneth G / Becker, Michael A / Borer, Jeffrey S / Gorelick, Philip B / Whelton, Andrew / Hunt, Barbara / Castillo, Majin / Gunawardhana, Lhanoo / Anonymous4290939. ·From the University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington (W.B.W.) · the University of Alabama, Birmingham (K.G.S.) · University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago (M.A.B.), and Takeda Development Center Americas, Deerfield (B.H., M.C., L.G.) - both in Illinois · the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn (J.S.B.) · Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Grand Rapids (P.B.G.) · and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore (A.W.). ·N Engl J Med · Pubmed #29527974.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk is increased in patients with gout. We compared cardiovascular outcomes associated with febuxostat, a nonpurine xanthine oxidase inhibitor, with those associated with allopurinol, a purine base analogue xanthine oxidase inhibitor, in patients with gout and cardiovascular disease. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, noninferiority trial involving patients with gout and cardiovascular disease; patients were randomly assigned to receive febuxostat or allopurinol and were stratified according to kidney function. The trial had a prespecified noninferiority margin of 1.3 for the hazard ratio for the primary end point (a composite of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or unstable angina with urgent revascularization). RESULTS: In total, 6190 patients underwent randomization, received febuxostat or allopurinol, and were followed for a median of 32 months (maximum, 85 months). The trial regimen was discontinued in 56.6% of patients, and 45.0% discontinued follow-up. In the modified intention-to-treat analysis, a primary end-point event occurred in 335 patients (10.8%) in the febuxostat group and in 321 patients (10.4%) in the allopurinol group (hazard ratio, 1.03; upper limit of the one-sided 98.5% confidence interval [CI], 1.23; P=0.002 for noninferiority). All-cause and cardiovascular mortality were higher in the febuxostat group than in the allopurinol group (hazard ratio for death from any cause, 1.22 [95% CI, 1.01 to 1.47]; hazard ratio for cardiovascular death, 1.34 [95% CI, 1.03 to 1.73]). The results with regard to the primary end point and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the analysis of events that occurred while patients were being treated were similar to the results in the modified intention-to-treat analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with gout and major cardiovascular coexisting conditions, febuxostat was noninferior to allopurinol with respect to rates of adverse cardiovascular events. All-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality were higher with febuxostat than with allopurinol. (Funded by Takeda Development Center Americas; CARES ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01101035 .).

5 Article Efficacy and tolerability of pegloticase for the treatment of chronic gout in patients refractory to conventional treatment: two randomized controlled trials. 2011

Sundy, John S / Baraf, Herbert S B / Yood, Robert A / Edwards, N Lawrence / Gutierrez-Urena, Sergio R / Treadwell, Edward L / Vázquez-Mellado, Janitzia / White, William B / Lipsky, Peter E / Horowitz, Zeb / Huang, William / Maroli, Allan N / Waltrip, Royce W / Hamburger, Steven A / Becker, Michael A. ·Duke Clinical Research Unit, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA. ·JAMA · Pubmed #21846852.

ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: Patients with chronic disabling gout refractory to conventional urate-lowering therapy need timely treatment to control disease manifestations related to tissue urate crystal deposition. Pegloticase, monomethoxypoly(ethylene glycol)-conjugated mammalian recombinant uricase, was developed to fulfill this need. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of pegloticase in managing refractory chronic gout. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Two replicate, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials (C0405 and C0406) were conducted between June 2006 and October 2007 at 56 rheumatology practices in the United States, Canada, and Mexico in patients with severe gout, allopurinol intolerance or refractoriness, and serum uric acid concentration of 8.0 mg/dL or greater. A total of 225 patients participated: 109 in trial C0405 and 116 in trial C0406. INTERVENTION: Twelve biweekly intravenous infusions containing either pegloticase 8 mg at each infusion (biweekly treatment group), pegloticase alternating with placebo at successive infusions (monthly treatment group), or placebo (placebo group). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Primary end point was plasma uric acid levels of less than 6.0 mg/dL in months 3 and 6. RESULTS: In trial C0405 the primary end point was reached in 20 of 43 patients in the biweekly group (47%; 95% CI, 31%-62%), 8 of 41 patients in the monthly group (20%; 95% CI, 9%-35%), and in 0 patients treated with placebo (0/20; 95% CI, 0%-17%; P < .001 and <.04 for comparisons between biweekly and monthly groups vs placebo, respectively). Among patients treated with pegloticase in trial C0406, 16 of 42 in the biweekly group (38%; 95% CI, 24%-54%) and 21 of 43 in the monthly group (49%; 95% CI, 33%-65%) achieved the primary end point; no placebo-treated patients reached the primary end point (0/23; 95% CI, 0%-15%; P = .001 and < .001, respectively). When data in the 2 trials were pooled, the primary end point was achieved in 36 of 85 patients in the biweekly group (42%; 95% CI, 32%-54%), 29 of 84 patients in the monthly group (35%; 95% CI, 24%-46%), and 0 of 43 patients in the placebo group (0%; 95% CI, 0%-8%; P < .001 for each comparison). Seven deaths (4 in patients receiving pegloticase and 3 in the placebo group) occurred between randomization and closure of the study database (February 15, 2008). CONCLUSION: Among patients with chronic gout, elevated serum uric acid level, and allopurinol intolerance or refractoriness, the use of pegloticase 8 mg either every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks for 6 months resulted in lower uric acid levels compared with placebo. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00325195.

6 Minor Cardiovascular Safety of Febuxostat. 2018

White, William B / Gunawardhana, Lhanoo. ·University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT wwhite@uchc.edu · Takeda Development Center Americas, Deerfield, IL ·N Engl J Med · Pubmed #30332566.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --