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Gout: HELP
Articles by Jian Xu
Based on 2 articles published since 2010
(Why 2 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, Jian Xu wrote the following 2 articles about Gout.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Risk of Thyroid Disorders in Patients with Gout and Hyperuricemia. 2019

Xu, Jian / Wang, Bin / Li, Qian / Yao, Qiuming / Jia, Xi / Song, Ronghua / Zhang, Jin-An. ·Department of Endocrinology, Jinshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. · Department of Endocrinology & Rheumatology, Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences Affiliated Zhoupu Hospital, Shanghai, China. ·Horm Metab Res · Pubmed #31408898.

ABSTRACT: The risk of thyroid autoimmunity and thyroid dysfunction among patients with gout and hyperuricemia has not been well defined. This study was undertaken to examine the impact of gout and hyperuricemia on risk of thyroid disorders including thyroid autoimmunity and thyroid dysfunction. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the risk of thyroid autoimmunity and thyroid dysfunction related to gout and hyperuricemia, which included 115 gout patients, 439 hyperuricemic patients, and 2‚ÄČ254 individuals without gout and hyperuricemia. A systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 observational studies was also done to systematically evaluate the risk of thyroid dysfunction among patients with gout and hyperuricemia. Findings from the cross-sectional study suggested a significantly increased risk of hypothyroidism among female gout patients (OR=2.44, 95% CI 1.15-5.17, p=0.02). Besides, gout could also substantially increase risk of Hashimoto's thyroiditis in women (OR=3.15, 95% CI 1.53-6.49, p=0.002). The meta-analysis proved a considerably increased risk of hypothyroidism among both gout patients (OR=1.51, 95% CI 1.23-1.85, p<0.001) and hyperuricemic patients (OR=1.34, 95% CI 1.11-1.61, p=0.002). Moreover, this meta-analysis also suggested that gout could also significantly increase the risk of hyperthyroidism (OR=1.25, 95% CI 1.06-1.48, p=0.01). The findings from the study suggest increasing risk of hypothyroidism and Hashimoto's thyroiditis among gout patients. Moreover, gout but not hyperuricemia is linked to increased risk of hyperthyroidism. More studies are warranted to elucidate the influence of gout and hyperuricemia on thyroid disorders.

2 Article Intestinal Microbiota Distinguish Gout Patients from Healthy Humans. 2016

Guo, Zhuang / Zhang, Jiachao / Wang, Zhanli / Ang, Kay Ying / Huang, Shi / Hou, Qiangchuan / Su, Xiaoquan / Qiao, Jianmin / Zheng, Yi / Wang, Lifeng / Koh, Eileen / Danliang, Ho / Xu, Jian / Lee, Yuan Kun / Zhang, Heping. ·Key Laboratory of Dairy Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Education Ministry of P. R. China, Huhhot, Inner Mongolia, 010018, China. · The First Affiliated Hospital, Baotou Medical College, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, 014010, China. · Department of Microbiology, Yong Loo Li School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 5 Science Drive 2, 117597, Singapore. · Single-Cell Center, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, Shandong, 266101, China. ·Sci Rep · Pubmed #26852926.

ABSTRACT: Current blood-based approach for gout diagnosis can be of low sensitivity and hysteretic. Here via a 68-member cohort of 33 healthy and 35 diseased individuals, we reported that the intestinal microbiota of gout patients are highly distinct from healthy individuals in both organismal and functional structures. In gout, Bacteroides caccae and Bacteroides xylanisolvens are enriched yet Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum depleted. The established reference microbial gene catalogue for gout revealed disorder in purine degradation and butyric acid biosynthesis in gout patients. In an additional 15-member validation-group, a diagnosis model via 17 gout-associated bacteria reached 88.9% accuracy, higher than the blood-uric-acid based approach. Intestinal microbiota of gout are more similar to those of type-2 diabetes than to liver cirrhosis, whereas depletion of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and reduced butyrate biosynthesis are shared in each of the metabolic syndromes. Thus the Microbial Index of Gout was proposed as a novel, sensitive and non-invasive strategy for diagnosing gout via fecal microbiota.