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Gout: HELP
Articles from Miscellaneous cities in New York
Based on 2 articles published since 2010

These are the 2 published articles about Gout that originated from Miscellaneous cities in New York during 2010-2020.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Guideline 2011 Recommendations for the diagnosis and management of gout and hyperuricemia. 2011

Hamburger, Max / Baraf, Herbert S B / Adamson, Thomas C / Basile, Jan / Bass, Lewis / Cole, Brent / Doghramji, Paul P / Guadagnoli, Germano A / Hamburger, Frances / Harford, Regine / Lieberman, Joseph A / Mandel, David R / Mandelbrot, Didier A / McClain, Bonny P / Mizuno, Eric / Morton, Allan H / Mount, David B / Pope, Richard S / Rosenthal, Kenneth G / Setoodeh, Katy / Skosey, John L / Edwards, N Lawrence / Anonymous4720712. ·Rheumatology Associates of Long Island, Melville, NY 11747, USA. mcapacious@aol.com ·Postgrad Med · Pubmed #22156509.

ABSTRACT: Gout is a major health problem in the United States; it affects 8.3 million people, which is approximately 4% of the adult population. Gout is most often diagnosed and managed in primary care physician practices. Primary care physicians have a significant opportunity to diagnose and manage patients with gout and improve patient outcomes. Following publication of the 2006 European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) gout guidelines, significant evidence on gout has accumulated and new treatments for patients with gout have become available. It is the objective of these 2011 recommendations for the diagnosis and management of gout and hyperuricemia to update the 2006 EULAR guidelines, paying special attention to the needs of primary care physicians, who manage most patients with gout. The revised 2011 recommendations are based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach as an evidence-based strategy for rating quality of evidence and grading strength of recommendation in clinical practice. A total of 26 key recommendations for diagnosis (n = 10) and management (n = 16) were evaluated. Presence of tophus (proven or suspected) and response to colchicine had the highest clinical diagnostic value (likelihood ratio [LR], 15.56 [95% CI, 2.11-114.71] and LR, 4.33 [95% CI, 1.16-16.16], respectively). The key aspect of effective management of an acute gout attack is initiation of treatment within hours of onset of first symptoms. Low-dose colchicine is better tolerated than and is as effective as high-dose colchicine (number needed to treat [NNT], 5 [95% CI, 3-13] and NNT, 6 [95% CI, 3-72], respectively). For urate-lowering therapy, allopurinol in combination with probenecid was shown to be more effective than either agent alone (effect size [ES], 5.51 for combination; ES, 4.46 for probenecid; and ES, 2.80 for allopurinol). Febuxostat, also a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, has a slightly different mechanism of action and can be prescribed at unchanged doses for patients with mild-to-moderate renal or hepatic impairment. Febuxostat 40 mg versus 80 mg (NNT, 6 [95% CI, 4-11]) and 120 mg (NNT, 6 [95% CI, 3-26]) both demonstrated long-term efficacy. The target of urate-lowering therapy should be a serum uric acid level of ≤ 6 mg/dL. For patients with refractory and tophaceous gout, intravenous pegloticase is a new treatment option.

2 Article The effect of gout on health-related quality of life, work productivity, resource use and clinical outcomes among patients with hypertension. 2012

DiBonaventura, Marco daCosta / Andrews, Laquesha M / Yadao, Anthony M / Kahler, Kristijan H. ·Health Outcomes Practice, Kantar Health, NY, USA. marco.dibonaventura@kantarhealth.com ·Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res · Pubmed #23252362.

ABSTRACT: Although gout has been found to be associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), few studies have examined the burden of gout in the presence of concomitant cardiometabolic conditions. The present study evaluated the effect of gout on HRQoL and work productivity among patients with hypertension. Data from the 2010 National Health and Wellness Survey were obtained for respondents ≥18 years of age who had self-reported, physician-diagnosed hypertension or blood pressure levels ≥140/90 mmHg (≥130/80 mmHg for those with physician-diagnosed diabetes or chronic kidney disease). Bivariate analysis was used to evaluate differences between patients with and without self-reported comorbid gout. Generalized linear models were used to evaluate differences in productivity (using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment scale) and HRQoL (using the physical component summary [PCS], mental component summary and health utilities from the SF-12v2 health survey). As uric acid levels may influence other organ systems, core modeling did not include comorbidities other than osteoarthritis and depression as covariates. Sensitivity analyses were controlled for the Charlson comorbidity index. A total of 22,686 patients with self-reported hypertension met study eligibility requirements. Of these, 4.51% reported having gout. These patients were older, more likely to be male and have insurance through Veteran Affairs (all p-values < 0.05). Patients with comorbid gout reported lower levels of mental component summary scores (47.25 vs 48.93), PCS scores (39.06 vs 43.78) and health utilities (0.68 vs 0.73; all p-values < 0.05). For both PCS and health utilities, differences between groups exceeded clinically meaningful cutoffs. Sensitivity analyses conducted on PCS and health utilities uncovered slightly smaller, but statistically significant and clinically meaningful, effects (p-values < 0.05). The effect of gout on overall work impairment (23.33 vs 17.40% with and without comorbid gout, respectively) remained after controlling for the Charlson comorbidity index. Significantly greater impairment in daily activities (38.96 vs 28.32%; p < 0.05) was also observed among patients with comorbid gout. Results demonstrate that gout has significant and clinically meaningful impact on work productivity, physical HRQoL and utilities independent of other health conditions.