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Hypertriglyceridemia: HELP
Articles by Brenda F. Baker
Based on 3 articles published since 2008

Between 2008 and 2019, Brenda F. Baker wrote the following 3 articles about Hypertriglyceridemia.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial Antisense Inhibition of Apolipoprotein C-III in Patients with Hypertriglyceridemia. 2015

Gaudet, Daniel / Alexander, Veronica J / Baker, Brenda F / Brisson, Diane / Tremblay, Karine / Singleton, Walter / Geary, Richard S / Hughes, Steven G / Viney, Nicholas J / Graham, Mark J / Crooke, Rosanne M / Witztum, Joseph L / Brunzell, John D / Kastelein, John J P. ·From the Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal and Ecogene-21 Clinical Research Centre, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada (D.G., D.B., K.T.) · Isis Pharmaceuticals, Carlsbad (V.J.A., B.F.B., W.S., R.S.G., S.G.H., N.J.V., M.J.G., R.M.C.), and the Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla (J.L.W.) - both in California · the Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle (J.D.B.) · and the Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (J.J.P.K.). ·N Engl J Med · Pubmed #26222559.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein C-III (APOC3) is a key regulator of plasma triglyceride levels. Elevated triglyceride levels are associated with a risk of adverse cardiovascular events and pancreatitis. ISIS 304801 is a second-generation antisense inhibitor of APOC3 synthesis. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging, phase 2 study to evaluate ISIS 304801 in untreated patients with fasting triglyceride levels between 350 mg per deciliter (4.0 mmol per liter) and 2000 mg per deciliter (22.6 mmol per liter) (ISIS 304801 monotherapy cohort), as well as in patients receiving stable fibrate therapy who had fasting triglyceride levels between 225 mg per deciliter (2.5 mmol per liter) and 2000 mg per deciliter (ISIS 304801-fibrate cohort). Eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive either ISIS 304801, at doses ranging from 100 to 300 mg, or placebo, once weekly for 13 weeks. The primary outcome was the percentage change in APOC3 level from baseline. RESULTS: A total of 57 patients were treated in the ISIS 304801 monotherapy cohort (41 received active agent, and 16 received placebo), and 28 patients were treated in the ISIS 304801-fibrate cohort (20 received active agent, and 8 received placebo). The mean (±SD) baseline triglyceride levels in the two cohorts were 581±291 mg per deciliter (6.6±3.3 mmol per liter) and 376±188 mg per deciliter (4.2±2.1 mmol per liter), respectively. Treatment with ISIS 304801 resulted in dose-dependent and prolonged decreases in plasma APOC3 levels when the drug was administered as a single agent (decreases of 40.0±32.0% in the 100-mg group, 63.8±22.3% in the 200-mg group, and 79.6±9.3% in the 300-mg group, vs. an increase of 4.2±41.7% in the placebo group) and when it was administered as an add-on to fibrates (decreases of 60.2±12.5% in the 200-mg group and 70.9±13.0% in the 300-mg group, vs. a decrease of 2.2±25.2% in the placebo group). Concordant reductions of 31.3 to 70.9% were observed in triglyceride levels. No safety concerns were identified in this short-term study. CONCLUSIONS: We found that treatment with ISIS 304801 was associated with significant lowering of triglyceride levels, among patients with a broad range of baseline levels, through selective antisense inhibition of APOC3 synthesis. (Funded by Isis Pharmaceuticals; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01529424.).

2 Clinical Trial Antisense oligonucleotide inhibition of apolipoprotein C-III reduces plasma triglycerides in rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans. 2013

Graham, Mark J / Lee, Richard G / Bell, Thomas A / Fu, Wuxia / Mullick, Adam E / Alexander, Veronica J / Singleton, Walter / Viney, Nick / Geary, Richard / Su, John / Baker, Brenda F / Burkey, Jennifer / Crooke, Stanley T / Crooke, Rosanne M. ·Isis Pharmaceuticals, Carlsbad, CA 92010, USA. mgraham@isisph.com ·Circ Res · Pubmed #23542898.

ABSTRACT: RATIONALE: Elevated plasma triglyceride levels have been recognized as a risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease. Apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) represents both an independent risk factor and a key regulatory factor of plasma triglyceride concentrations. Furthermore, elevated apoC-III levels have been associated with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. To date, no selective apoC-III therapeutic agent has been evaluated in the clinic. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that selective inhibition of apoC-III with antisense drugs in preclinical models and in healthy volunteers would reduce plasma apoC-III and triglyceride levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rodent- and human-specific second-generation antisense oligonucleotides were identified and evaluated in preclinical models, including rats, mice, human apoC-III transgenic mice, and nonhuman primates. We demonstrated the selective reduction of both apoC-III and triglyceride in all preclinical pharmacological evaluations. We also showed that inhibition of apoC-III was well tolerated and not associated with increased liver triglyceride deposition or hepatotoxicity. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase I clinical study was performed in healthy subjects. Administration of the human apoC-III antisense drug resulted in dose-dependent reductions in plasma apoC-III, concomitant lowering of triglyceride levels, and produced no clinically meaningful signals in the safety evaluations. CONCLUSIONS: Antisense inhibition of apoC-III in preclinical models and in a phase I clinical trial with healthy subjects produced potent, selective reductions in plasma apoC-III and triglyceride, 2 known risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This compelling pharmacological profile supports further clinical investigations in hypertriglyceridemic subjects.

3 Article Antisense-Mediated Lowering of Plasma Apolipoprotein C-III by Volanesorsen Improves Dyslipidemia and Insulin Sensitivity in Type 2 Diabetes. 2016

Digenio, Andres / Dunbar, Richard L / Alexander, Veronica J / Hompesch, Marcus / Morrow, Linda / Lee, Richard G / Graham, Mark J / Hughes, Steven G / Yu, Rosie / Singleton, Walter / Baker, Brenda F / Bhanot, Sanjay / Crooke, Rosanne M. ·Akcea Therapeutics, Cambridge, MA adigenio@akceatx.com. · University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. · Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Carlsbad, CA. · Profil Institute for Clinical Research, San Diego, CA. ·Diabetes Care · Pubmed #27271183.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of volanesorsen (ISIS 304801), a second-generation 2'-O-methoxyethyl chimeric antisense inhibitor of apolipoprotein (apo)C-III, on triglyceride (TG) levels and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed in 15 adult patients with type 2 diabetes (HbA1c >7.5% [58 mmol/mol]) and hypertriglyceridemia (TG >200 and <500 mg/dL). Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive volanesorsen 300 mg or placebo for a total of 15 subcutaneous weekly doses. Glucose handling and insulin sensitivity were measured before and after treatment using a two-step hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp procedure. RESULTS: Treatment with volanesorsen significantly reduced plasma apoC-III (-88%, P = 0.02) and TG (-69%, P = 0.02) levels and raised HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) (42%, P = 0.03) compared with placebo. These changes were accompanied by a 57% improvement in whole-body insulin sensitivity (P < 0.001). Importantly, we found a strong relationship between enhanced insulin sensitivity and both plasma apoC-III (r = -0.61, P = 0.03) and TG (r = -0.68, P = 0.01) suppression. Improved insulin sensitivity was sufficient to significantly lower glycated albumin (-1.7%, P = 0.034) and fructosamine (-38.7 μmol/L, P = 0.045) at the end of dosing and HbA1c (-0.44% [-4.9 mmol/mol], P = 0.025) 3 months postdosing. CONCLUSIONS: Volanesorsen reduced plasma apoC-III and TG while raising HDL-C levels. Importantly, glucose disposal, insulin sensitivity, and integrative markers of diabetes also improved in these patients after short-term treatment.