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Infertility HELP
Based on 19,258 articles published since 2008
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These are the 19258 published articles about Infertility that originated from Worldwide during 2008-2019.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
Pages: 1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 · 11 · 12 · 13 · 14 · 15 · 16 · 17 · 18 · 19 · 20
1 Guideline [First line management without IVF of infertility related to endometriosis: Result of medical therapy? Results of ovarian superovulation? Results of intrauterine insemination? CNGOF-HAS Endometriosis Guidelines]. 2018

Boujenah, J / Santulli, P / Mathieu-d'Argent, E / Decanter, C / Chauffour, C / Poncelet, P. ·Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHU Bondy, avenue du 14-Juillet, 93140 Bondy, France; Centre médical du Château, 22, rue Louis-Besquel, 94300 Vincennes, France. Electronic address: jeremy.boujenah@gmail.com. · Service de chirurgie gynécologie obstétrique 2 et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Cochin, AP-HP, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France; Équipe génomique, épigénétique et physiopathologie de la reproduction, département développement, reproduction, cancer, Inserm U1016, université Paris-Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 12, rue de l'École-de-Médecine, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Tenon, AP-HP, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France; Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie Paris 6, 75005 Paris, France; GRC6-UPMC : centre expert en endométriose (C3E), hôpital Tenon, 75020 Paris, France. · Service d'assistance médicale à la procréation et de préservation de la fertilité, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHRU de Lille, 1, rue Eugène-Avinée, 59037 Lille cedex, France; EA 4308 gamétogenèse et qualité du gamète, CHRU de Lille, 59037 Lille cedex, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et reproduction humaine, CHU Estaing, 1, place Lucie-Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, centre hospitalier Renée-Dubos, 6, avenue de l'Île-de-France, 95300 Pontoise, France; Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UFR SMBH, 93022 Bobigny, France. ·Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol · Pubmed #29551300.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Using the structured methodology of French guidelines (HAS-CNGOF), the aim of this chapter was to formulate good practice points (GPP), in relation to optimal non-ART management of endometriosis related to infertility, based on the best available evidence in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This guideline was produced by a group of experts in the field including a thorough systematic search of the literature (from January 1980 to March 2017). Were included only women with endometriosis related to infertility. For each recommendation, a grade (A-D, where A is the highest quality) was assigned based on the strength of the supporting evidence. RESULTS: Management of endometriosis related to infertility should be multidisciplinary and take account into the pain, the global evaluation of infertile couple and the different phenotypes of endometriotic lesions (good practice point). Hormonal treatment for suppression of ovarian function should not prescribe to improve fertility (grade A). After laproscopy for endometriosis related to infertility, the Endometriosis Fertility Index should be used to counsel patients regarding duration of conventional treatments before undergoing ART (grade C). After laparoscopy surgery for infertile women with AFS/ASRM stage I/II endometriosis or superficial peritoneal endometriosis, controlled ovarian stimulation with or without intrauterine insemination could be used to enhance non-ART pregnancy rate (grade C). Gonadotrophins should be the first line therapy for the stimulation (grade B). The number of cycles before referring ART should not exceed up to 6 cycles (good practice point). No recommendation can be performed for non-ART management of deep infiltrating endometriosis or endometrioma, as suitable evidence is lacking. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Non-ART management is a possible option for the management of endometriosis related to infertility. Endometriosis Fertilty Index could be a useful tool for subsequent postoperative fertility management. Controlled ovarian stimulation can be proposed.

2 Guideline [Management of endometriosis: CNGOF-HAS practice guidelines (short version)]. 2018

Collinet, P / Fritel, X / Revel-Delhom, C / Ballester, M / Bolze, P A / Borghese, B / Bornsztein, N / Boujenah, J / Bourdel, N / Brillac, T / Chabbert-Buffet, N / Chauffour, C / Clary, N / Cohen, J / Decanter, C / Denouël, A / Dubernard, G / Fauconnier, A / Fernandez, H / Gauthier, T / Golfier, F / Huchon, C / Legendre, G / Loriau, J / Mathieu-d'Argent, E / Merlot, B / Niro, J / Panel, P / Paparel, P / Philip, C A / Ploteau, S / Poncelet, C / Rabischong, B / Roman, H / Rubod, C / Santulli, P / Sauvan, M / Thomassin-Naggara, I / Torre, A / Wattier, J M / Yazbeck, C / Canis, M. ·Clinique de gynécologie, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHRU de Lille, 59000 Lille, France; Université Lille-Nord-de-France, 59000 Lille, France. Electronic address: pierre.collinet@chru-lille.fr. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, Inserm CIC 1402, 2, rue de la Milétrie, 86000 Poitiers, France; Université de Poitiers, 86000 Poitiers, France; Inserm CIC 1402, 86000 Poitiers, France. · Haute Autorité de santé, 5, avenue du Stade-de-France, 93218 La Plaine-Saint-Denis cedex, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Tenon, AP-HP, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France. · Service de chirurgie gynécologique oncologique, obstétrique, CHU Lyon-Sud, 165, chemin du Grand-Revoyet, 69495 Pierre-Bénite, France; Université Claude-Bernard-Lyon 1, 69000 Lyon, France. · Service de chirurgie gynécologie-obstétrique 2 et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Cochin, AP-HP, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France; Équipe génomique, épigénétique et physiopathologie de la reproduction, département développement, reproduction, cancer, Inserm U1016, université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 12, rue de l'École-de-Médecine, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France. · 29, rue de l'Essonne, 91000 Evry, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHU Bondy, avenue du 14-Juillet, 93140 Bondy, France; Centre médical du Château, 22, rue Louis-Besquel, 94300 Vincennes, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et reproduction humaine, CHU Estaing, 1, place Lucie-Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France; Faculté de médecine, Encov-ISIT, UMR6284 CNRS, université d'Auvergne, 28, place Henri-Dunant, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France. · 98, route de Blagnac, 31200 Toulouse, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Tenon, AP-HP, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France; GRC-6 centre expert en endométriose (C3E), Sorbonne université, Paris, France; UMR-S938 Inserm Sorbonne université, Paris, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et reproduction humaine, CHU Estaing, 1, place Lucie-Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France. · 3, rue Pablo-Picasso, 92160 Antony, France. · Service d'assistance médicale à la procréation et de préservation de la fertilité, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHRU de Lille, 1, rue Eugène-Avinée, 59037 Lille cedex, France; EA 4308 gamétogenèse et qualité du gamète, CHRU de Lille, 59037 Lille cedex, France. · EndoFrance, BP 50053, 01124 Montluel cedex, France. · Université Claude-Bernard-Lyon 1, 69000 Lyon, France; Clinique gynécologique et obstétricale, hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, groupe hospitalier Nord, CHU de Lyon-HCL, 103, grande rue de la Croix-Rousse, 69317 Lyon cedex, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHI Poissy-St-Germain, 10, rue du Champ-Gaillard, 78303 Poissy, France; EA 7285 risques cliniques et sécurité en santé des femmes, université Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHU Bicêtre, AP-HP, 78, avenue du Général-de-Gaulle, 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France; CESP-INSERM, U1018, équipe épidémiologie et évaluation des stratégies de prise en charge, VIH, reproduction, pédiatrie, université Paris-Sud, Paris, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, hôpital Mère-Enfant, CHU de Limoges, 8, avenue Dominique-Larrey, 87042 Limoges, France; UMR-1248, faculté de médecine, 87042 Limoges, France. · Service de chirurgie gynécologique oncologique, obstétrique, CHU Lyon-Sud, 165, chemin du Grand-Revoyet, 69495 Pierre-Bénite, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHI Poissy-St-Germain, 10, rue du Champ-Gaillard, 78303 Poissy, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHU d'Angers, 4, rue Larrey, 49033 Angers cedex 01, France; CESP-Inserm, U1018, équipe 7, genre, santé sexuelle et reproductive, université Paris-Sud, 94276 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre cedex, France. · Service de chirurgie digestive, groupe hospitalier Paris Saint-Joseph, 185, rue Raymond-Losserand, 75001 Paris, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Tenon, AP-HP, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France; Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie Paris 6, Paris, France; GRC6-UPMC, centre expert en endométriose (C3E), hôpital Tenon, Paris, France. · Service de chirurgie gynécologique, clinique Tivoli, 220, rue Mandron, 33000 Bordeaux, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, centre hospitalier de Versailles, 177, route de Versailles, 78157 Le Chesnay cedex, France. · Service d'urologie, CHU Lyon-Sud, 165, chemin du Grand-Revoyet, 60495 Pierre-Bénite, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, hôpital Mère-Enfant, CHU de Nantes, 8, boulevard Jean-Monnet, 44093 Nantes, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, centre hospitalier Renée-Dubos, 6, avenue de l'Île-de-France, 95300 Pontoise, France; Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UFR SMBH, 93022 Bobigny, France. · Centre expert de diagnostic et prise en charge multidisciplinaire de l'endométriose, clinique gynécologique et obstétricale, CHU Charles-Nicolle, 1, rue de Germont, 76031 Rouen, France. · Clinique de gynécologie, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHRU de Lille, 59000 Lille, France; Université Lille-Nord-de-France, 59000 Lille, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHU Bicêtre, AP-HP, 78, avenue du Général-de-Gaulle, 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France. · Service d'imagerie, hôpital Tenon, AP-HP, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France; Sorbonne universités, UPMC université Paris 06, Paris, France; Institut universitaire de cancérologie, Assistance publique, Paris, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, hôpital Arnaud-de-Villeneuve, CHU de Montpellier, 371, avenue du Doyen-Gaston-Giraud, 34295 Montpellier, France. · Centre d'étude et traitement de la douleur, hôpital Claude-Huriez, CHRU de Lille, rue Michel-Polonowski, 59000 Lille, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, hôpital Foch, AP-HP, 40, rue Worth, 92151 Suresnes, France; Centre d'assistance médicale à la procréation, clinique Pierre-Cherest, 5, rue Pierre-Cherest, 92200 Neuilly-Sur-Seine, France. ·Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol · Pubmed #29550339.

ABSTRACT: First-line investigations to diagnose endometriosis are clinical examination and pelvic ultrasound. Second-line investigations include pelvic examination performed by a referent clinician, transvaginal ultrasound performed by a referent echographist, and pelvic MRI. It is recommended to treat endometriosis when it is symptomatic. First-line hormonal treatments recommended for the management of painful endometriosis are combined with hormonal contraceptives or levonorgestrel 52mg IUD. There is no evidence to recommend systematic preoperative hormonal therapy for the unique purpose of preventing the risk of surgical complications or facilitating surgery. After endometriosis surgery, combined hormonal contraceptives or levonorgestrel SIU 52mg are recommended as first-line therapy in the absence of desire of pregnancy. In case of initial treatment failure, recurrence, or multiple organ involvement by endometriosis, medico-surgical and multidisciplinary discussion is recommended. The laparoscopic approach is recommended for the surgical treatment of endometriosis. HRT may be offered in postmenopausal women operated for endometriosis. In case of infertility related to endometriosis, it is not recommended to prescribe anti-gonadotropic hormone therapy to increase the rate of spontaneous pregnancy, including postoperatively. The possibilities of fertility preservation should be discussed with the patient in case of surgery for ovarian endometrioma.

3 Guideline [Deeply infiltrating endometriosis and infertility: CNGOF-HAS Endometriosis Guidelines]. 2018

Mathieu d'Argent, E / Cohen, J / Chauffour, C / Pouly, J L / Boujenah, J / Poncelet, C / Decanter, C / Santulli, P. ·Service de gynécologie obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, GRC6-UPMC, centre expert en endométriose (C3E), université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie Paris 6, hôpital Tenon, CHU de Tenon, AP-HP, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France. Electronic address: emmanuelle.mathieu@aphp.fr. · Service de gynécologie obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, GRC6-UPMC, centre expert en endométriose (C3E), université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie Paris 6, hôpital Tenon, CHU de Tenon, AP-HP, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France. · Service de gynécologie obstétrique et reproduction humaine, CHU Estaing, 1, place Lucie-Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France. · Service de gynécologie obstétrique, CHU de Bondy, avenue du 14-Juillet, 93140 Bondy, France; Centre médical du Château, 22, rue Louis-Besquel, 94300 Vincennes, France. · Service de gynécologie obstétrique, centre hospitalier Renée-Dubos, 6, avenue de l'Île-de-France, 95300 Pontoise, France; UFR SMBH, université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris-Cité, 93022 Bobigny, France. · EA 4308 Gamétogenèse et qualité du gamète, service d'assistance médicale à la procréation et de préservation de la fertilité, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHRU de Lille, 1, rue Eugène-Avinée, 59037 Lille cedex, France. · Service de chirurgie gynécologie obstétrique 2 et médecine de la reproduction, CHU de Cochin, AP-HP, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France; Inserm U1016, équipe génomique, épigénétique et physiopathologie de la reproduction, département développement, reproduction, cancer, université Paris-Descartes, Sorbonne Paris-Cité, 12, rue de l'École-de-Médecine, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France. ·Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol · Pubmed #29544710.

ABSTRACT: Deeply infiltrating endometriosis is a severe form of the disease, defined by endometriotic tissue peritoneal infiltration. The disease may involve the rectovaginal septum, uterosacral ligaments, digestive tract or bladder. Deeply infiltrating endometriosis is responsible for disabling pain and infertility. The purpose of these recommendations is to answer the following question: in case of deeply infiltrating endometriosis associated infertility, what is the best therapeutic strategy? First-line surgery and then in vitro fertilization (IVF) in case of persistent infertility or first-line IVF, without surgery? After exhaustive literature analysis, we suggest the following recommendations: studies focusing on spontaneous fertility of infertile patients with deeply infiltrating endometriosis found spontaneous pregnancy rates about 10%. Treatment should be considered in infertile women with deeply infiltrating endometriosis when they wish to conceive. First-line IVF is a good option in case of no operated deeply infiltrating endometriosis associated infertility. Pregnancy rates (spontaneous and following assisted reproductive techniques) after surgery (deep lesions without colorectal involvement) varie from 40 to 85%. After colorectal endometriosis resection, pregnancy rates vary from 47 to 59%. The studies comparing the pregnancy rates after IVF, whether or not preceded by surgery, are contradictory and do not allow, to date, to conclude on the interest of any surgical management of deep lesions before IVF. In case of alteration of ovarian reserve parameters (age, AMH, antral follicle count), there is no argument to recommend first-line surgery or IVF. The study of the literature does not identify any prognostic factors, allowing to chose between surgical management or IVF. The use of IVF in the indication "deep infiltrating endometriosis" allows satisfactory pregnancy rates without significant risk, regarding disease progression or oocyte retrieval procedure morbidity.

4 Guideline [Definition, description, clinicopathological features, pathogenesis and natural history of endometriosis: CNGOF-HAS Endometriosis Guidelines]. 2018

Borghese, B / Santulli, P / Marcellin, L / Chapron, C. ·Service de chirurgie gynécologie obstétrique 2 et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Cochin, AP-HP, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France; Équipe génomique, épigénétique et physiopathologie de la reproduction, Inserm U1016, département développement, reproduction, cancer, université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris cité, 12, rue de l'École-de-médecine, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France. Electronic address: bruno.borghese@aphp.fr. · Service de chirurgie gynécologie obstétrique 2 et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Cochin, AP-HP, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France; Équipe génomique, épigénétique et physiopathologie de la reproduction, Inserm U1016, département développement, reproduction, cancer, université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris cité, 12, rue de l'École-de-médecine, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France. · Service de chirurgie gynécologie obstétrique 2 et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Cochin, AP-HP, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France; Équipe stress oxydant, prolifération cellulaire et inflammation, Inserm U1016, département développement, reproduction, cancer, université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris cité, 12, rue de l'École-de-médecine, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France. ·Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol · Pubmed #29540335.

ABSTRACT: Endometriosis and adenomyosis are histologically defined. The frequency of endometriosis cannot be precisely estimated in the general population. Endometriosis is considered a disease when it causes pain and/or infertility. Endometriosis is a heterogeneous disease with three well-recognized subtypes that are often associated with each other: superficial endometriosis (SUP), ovarian endometrioma (OMA), and deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). DIE is frequently multifocal and mainly affects the following structures: the uterosacral ligaments, the posterior vaginal cul-de-sac, the bladder, the ureters, and the digestive tract (rectum, recto-sigmoid junction, appendix). The role of menstrual reflux in the pathophysiology of endometriosis is major and explains the asymmetric distribution of lesions, which predominate in the posterior compartment of the pelvis and on the left (NP3). All factors favoring menstrual reflux increase the risk of endometriosis (early menarche, short cycles, AUB, etc.). Inflammation and biosteroid hormones synthesis are the main mechanisms favoring the implantation and the growth of the lesions. Pain associated with endometriosis can be explained by nociception, hyperalgia, and central sensitization, associated to varying degrees in a single patient. Typology of pain (dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, digestive or urinary symptoms) is correlated with the location of the lesions. Infertility associated with endometriosis can be explained by several non-exclusive mechanisms: a pelvic factor (inflammation), disrupting natural fertilization; an ovarian factor, related to oocyte quality and/or quantity; a uterine factor disrupting implantation. The pelvic factor can be fixed by surgical excision of the lesions that improves the chance of natural conception (NP2). The uterine factor can be corrected by an ovulation-blocking treatment that improves the chances of getting pregnant by in vitro fertilization (NP2). The impact of endometrioma exeresis on the ovarian reserve (NP2) should be considered when a surgery is scheduled. Endometriosis is a multifactorial disease, resulting from combined action of genetic and environmental factors. The risk of developing endometriosis for a first-degree relative is five times higher than in the general population (NP2). Identification of genetic variants involved in the disease has no implication for clinical practice for the moment. The role of environmental factors, particularly endocrine disrupters, is plausible but not demonstrated. Literature review does not support the progression of endometriosis over time, either in terms of the volume or the number of the lesions (NP3). The risk of acute digestive occlusion or functional loss of a kidney in patients followed for endometriosis seems exceptional. These complications were revealing the disease in the majority of cases. IVF does not increase the intensity of pain associated with endometriosis (NP2). There is few data on the influence of pregnancy on the lesions, except the possibility of a decidualization of the lesions that may give them a suspicious aspect on imaging. The impact of endometriosis on pregnancy is debated. There is an epidemiological association between endometriosis and rare subtypes of ovarian cancer (endometrioid and clear cell carcinomas) (NP2). However, the relative risk is moderate (around 1.3) (NP2) and the causal relationship between endometriosis and ovarian cancer is not demonstrated so far. Considering the low incidence of endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer, there is no argument to propose a screening or a risk reducing strategy for the patients.

5 Guideline [Management by assisted reproductive technology in women with endometriosis: CNGOF-HAS Endometriosis Guidelines]. 2018

Chauffour, C / Pouly, J-L / Gremeau, A-S. ·Département de gynécologie-obstétrique et de reproduction humaine, CHU Estaing, place Lucie-et-Raymond-Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France. Electronic address: candicechauffour@gmail.com. · Département de gynécologie-obstétrique et de reproduction humaine, CHU Estaing, place Lucie-et-Raymond-Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France. ·Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol · Pubmed #29523480.

ABSTRACT: Should the presence of endometriosis change the management of assisted reproductive technology? There is no difference in pregnancy rate after IVF between an agonist or antagonist protocol in patients with endometriosis, so the choice between one or the other of these protocols is free. But the review of the literature has shown an improvement in the chances of pregnancy in case of prolonged ovulation suppression before stimulation for IVF with a GnRH agonist analogue or with oral contraception, especially in cases of severe endometriosis. Endometriosis, regardless of the stage and type of lesions, would have no effect on the IVF results in terms of pregnancy rate and live birth rate, but with a lower number of oocytes collected, especially in cases of severe endometriosis. In a context of superficial endometriosis without pain and of infertility, surgical treatment of superficial endometriosis is not recommended just to increase the chances of pregnancy in IVF. Surgery may have a place in case of failure of IVF to improve the results of the ART. In case of recurrence of endometriosis, surgery is not better than IVF, a medico-surgical concertation is recommended. In addition, studies on ovulation stimulation for IVF do not show any aggravation of the symptoms associated with endometriosis lesions, or an acceleration of its progression, or an increase in the rate of recurrence of the disease.

6 Guideline [Minimal and mild endometriosis: Impact of the laparoscopic surgery on pelvic pain and fertility. CNGOF-HAS Endometriosis Guidelines]. 2018

Ploteau, S / Merlot, B / Roman, H / Canis, M / Collinet, P / Fritel, X. ·Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, hôpital mère-enfant, CHU de Nantes, 8, boulevard Jean-Monnet, 44093 Nantes, France. Electronic address: stephane.ploteau@chu-nantes.fr. · Service de chirurgie gynécologique, clinique Tivoli, 220, rue Mandron, 39000 Bordeaux, France. · Centre expert de diagnostic et prise en charge multidisciplinaire de l'endométriose, clinique gynécologique et obstétricale, CHU Charle-Nicolle, 1, rue de Germont, 76031 Rouen, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et reproduction humaine, CHU Estaing, 1, place Lucie-Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France. · Clinique de gynécologie, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHRU de Lille, 59000 Lille, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, Inserm CIC 1402, 2, rue de la Milétrie, 86000 Poitiers, France. ·Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol · Pubmed #29510965.

ABSTRACT: Minimal and mild endometriosis (stage 1 and 2 AFSR) can lead to chronic pelvic pain and infertility but can also exist in asymptomatic patients. The prevalence of asymptomatic patients with minimal and mild endometriosis is not clear but typical endometriosis lesions are found in about 5 to 10% of asymptomatic women and more than 50% of painful and/or infertile women. Laparoscopic treatment of minimal and mild endometriotic lesions is justified in case of pelvic pain because their destruction decrease significatively the pain compared with diagnostic laparoscopy alone. In this context, ablation and excision give identical results in terms of pain reduction. Moreover, literature shows no interest in uterine nerve ablation in case of dysmenorrhea due to minimal and mild endometriosis. Then, it is recommended to treat these lesions during a laparoscopy realised as part of pelvic pain. On the other hand, it is not recommended to treat asymptomatic patients. With regard to treatment of minimal and mild endometriosis in infertile patients, only two studies can be selected and both show that laparoscopy with excision or ablation and ablation of adhesions is superior to diagnostic laparoscopy alone in terms of pregnancy rate. However, it is not recommended to treat these lesions when they are asymptomatic because there is no evidence that they can progress with symptomatic disease. There is no study assessing the interest to treat these lesions when they are found fortuitously. Adhesion barrier utilisation permits to reduce post-operative adhesions, however literature failed to demonstrate the clinical profit in terms of reduction of the risk of pain or infertility.

7 Guideline [Management of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in case of endometriosis related infertility: CNGOF-HAS Endometriosis Guidelines]. 2018

Santulli, P / Collinet, P / Fritel, X / Canis, M / d'Argent, E M / Chauffour, C / Cohen, J / Pouly, J L / Boujenah, J / Poncelet, C / Decanter, C / Borghese, B / Chapron, C. ·Service de chirurgie gynécologie obstétrique 2 et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Cochin, AP-HP, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France; Inserm U1016, équipe génomique, épigénétiques et physiopathologie de la reproduction, département développement, reproduction, cancer, université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 12, rue de l'École-de-Médecine, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France. Electronic address: pietro.santulli@cch.aphp.fr. · Clinique de gynécologie, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHRU Lille, 59000 Lille, France; Université Lille-Nord-de-France, 59000 Lille, France; Inserm, U1189-ONCO Thai-image assisted laser therapy for oncology, CHU de Lille, 59000 Lille, France. · Inserm CIC 1402, service de gynécologie - obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, 2, rue de la Milétrie, 86000 Poitiers, France; Université de Poitiers, 86000 Poitiers, France; Inserm CIC 1402, 86000 Poitiers, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et reproduction humaine, CHU Estaing, 1, place Lucie-Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Tenon, AP-HP, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France; Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie Paris 6, France; GRC6-UPMC : centre expert en endométriose (C3E), hôpital Tenon, Paris, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, CHU Bondy, avenue du 14-Juillet, 93140 Bondy, France; Centre médical du Château, 22, rue Louis-Besquel, 94300 Vincennes, France. · Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, centre hospitalier de Renée-Dubos, 6, avenue de l'Ile-de-France, 95300 Pontoise, France; Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UFR SMBH, 93022 Bobigny, France. · Service d'assistance médicale à la procréation et de préservation de la fertilité, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHRU de Lille, 1, rue Eugène-Avinée, 59037 Lille cedex, France; EA 4308, gamétogenèse et qualité du gamète, CHRU de Lille, 59037 Lille cedex, France. · Service de chirurgie gynécologie obstétrique 2 et médecine de la reproduction, CHU Cochin, AP-HP, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France; Inserm U1016, équipe génomique, épigénétiques et physiopathologie de la reproduction, département développement, reproduction, cancer, université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 12, rue de l'École-de-Médecine, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France. ·Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol · Pubmed #29503237.

ABSTRACT: The management of endometriosis related infertility requires a global approach. In this context, the prescription of an anti-gonadotropic hormonal treatment does not increase the rate of non-ART (assisted reproductive technologies) pregnancies and it is not recommended. In case of endometriosis related infertility, the results of IVF management in terms of pregnancy and birth rates are not negatively affected by the existence of endometriosis. Controlled ovarian stimulation during IVF does not increase the risk of endometriosis associated symptoms worsening, nor accelerate the intrinsic progression of endometriosis and does not increase the rate of recurrence. However, in the context of IVF management for women with endometriosis, pre-treatment with GnRH agonist or with oestrogen/progestin contraception improve IVF outcomes. There is currently no evidence of a positive or negative effect of endometriosis surgery on IVF outcomes. Information on the possibilities of preserving fertility should be considered, especially before surgery.

8 Guideline [Fertility preservation, contraception and menopause hormone therapy in women treated for rare ovarian tumors: Guidelines from the French national network dedicated to rare gynaecological cancer]. 2018

Rousset-Jablonski, Christine / Selle, Fréderic / Adda-Herzog, Elodie / Planchamp, François / Selleret, Lise / Pomel, Christophe / Chabbert-Buffet, Nathalie / Daraï, Emile / Pautier, Patricia / Trémollières, Florence / Guyon, Frederic / Rouzier, Roman / Laurence, Valérie / Chopin, Nicolas / Faure-Conter, Cécile / Bentivegna, Enrica / Vacher-Lavenu, Marie-Cécile / Lhomme, Catherine / Floquet, Anne / Treilleux, Isabelle / Lecuru, Fabrice / Gouy, Sébastien / Kalbacher, Elsa / Genestie, Catherine / de la Motte Rouge, Thibault / Ferron, Gwenael / Devouassoux-Shisheboran, Mojgan / Kurtz, Jean-Emmanuel / Namer, Moise / Joly, Florence / Pujade-Lauraine, Eric / Grynberg, Michael / Querleu, Denis / Morice, Philippe / Gompel, Anne / Ray-Coquard, Isabelle. ·Centre Léon-Bérard, 28, rue Laënnec, 69008 Lyon, France; Hospices civils de Lyon, centre hospitalier Lyon-Sud, 165, chemin du grand-Revoyet, 69495 Pierre-Bénite cedex, France. Electronic address: christine.rousset-jablonski@lyon.unicancer.fr. · Groupe hospitalier Diaconesses Croix-Saint-Simon, 12-18, rue du Sergent-Bauchat, 75012 Paris, France. · Hôpital Foch, service de gynécologie-obstétrique, 40, rue Worth, 92151 Suresnes, France. · Institut Bergonié, 229, Cours-de-l'Argonne, 33000 Bordeaux, France. · Hôpital Tenon, service de gynécologie-obstétrique et médecine de la reproduction, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France. · Centre Jean-Perrin, 58, rue Montalembert BP, 392, 63011 Clermont-Ferrand cedex 1, France. · Institut Gustave-Roussy, 114, rue Edouard-Vaillant, 94800 Villejuif, France. · Hôpital Paule-de-Viguier, centre de ménopause et de dépistage de l'ostéoporose, 330, avenue de Grande-Bretagne, TSA 70034, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France. · Institut Curie, 26, rue d'Ulm, 75005 Paris, France. · Centre Léon-Bérard, 28, rue Laënnec, 69008 Lyon, France. · Hôpital Cochin-Port Royal, 53, avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France. · Hôpital Européen Geroges-Pompidou, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France. · CHU Besançon-Jean-Minjoz, 3, boulevard Alexandre-Fleming, 25030 Besançon cedex, France. · Centre Eugène-Marquis, avenue de la Bataille-Flandres-Dunkerque, 35000 Rennes, France. · CLCC, institut Claudius-Regaud, IUCT Oncopole, 1, avenue Irène-Joliot-Curie, 31100 Toulouse, France. · Hospices civils de Lyon, centre hospitalier Lyon-Sud, 165, chemin du grand-Revoyet, 69495 Pierre-Bénite cedex, France. · CHU de Strasbourg, hôpital de Hautepierre, avenue Molière, 67200 Strasbourg, France. · Recommandations pour la pratique clinique, Nice-Saint-Paul, 06000 Nice, France. · Centre François-Baclesse, 3, avenue du Général-Harris, 14076 Caen cedex 5, France. · CHU Paris Centre, hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, 1, place du Parvis-Notre-Dame, 75004 Paris, France. · Hôpital Jean-Verdier, avenue du 14 juillet, 93140 Bondy, France. ·Bull Cancer · Pubmed #29397916.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Rare ovarian tumors include complex borderline ovarian tumors, sex-cord tumors, germ cell tumors, and rare epithelial tumors. Indications and modalities of fertility preservation, infertility management and contraindications for hormonal contraception or menopause hormone therapy are frequent issues in clinical practice. A panel of experts from the French national network dedicated to rare gynaecological cancers, and of experts in reproductive medicine and gynaecology have worked on guidelines about fertility preservation, contraception and menopause hormone therapy in women treated for ovarian rare tumors. METHODS: A panel of 39 experts from different specialties contributed to the preparation of the guidelines, following the DELPHI method (formal consensus method). Statements were drafted after a systematic literature review, and then rated through two successive rounds. RESULTS: Thirty-five recommendations were selected, and concerned indications for fertility preservation, contraindications for ovarian stimulation (in the context of fertility preservation or for infertility management), contraceptive options (especially hormonal ones), and menopause hormone therapy for each tumor type. Overall, prudence has been recommended in the case of potentially hormone-sensitive tumors such as sex cord tumors, serous and endometrioid low-grade adenocarcinomas, as well as for high-risk serous borderline ovarian tumors. DISCUSSION: In the context of a scarce literature, a formal consensus method allowed the elaboration of guidelines, which will help clinicians in the management of these patients.

9 Guideline Child-rearing ability and the provision of fertility services: an Ethics Committee opinion. 2017

Anonymous1100929 / Anonymous1110929. ·The American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #29202968.

ABSTRACT: Fertility programs may withhold services from prospective patients on the basis of well-grounded reasons that those patients will be unable to provide minimally adequate or safe care for offspring. This document was reviewed and updated; this version replaces the previous version of this document, last published July 2013 (Fertil Steril 2013;100:50-53).

10 Guideline Performing the embryo transfer: a guideline. 2017

Anonymous270902 / Anonymous280902. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #28366416.

ABSTRACT: A systematic review of the literature was conducted which examined each of the major steps of embryo transfer. Recommendations made for improving pregnancy rates are based on interventions demonstrated to be either beneficial or not beneficial.

11 Guideline Guidance on the limits to the number of embryos to transfer: a committee opinion. 2017

Anonymous5120899 / Anonymous5130899. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine; and Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #28292618.

ABSTRACT: Based on American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology data available through 2014, ASRM's guidelines for the limits on the number of embryos to be transferred in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles have been further refined in continuing efforts to promote singleton gestation and reduce the number of multiple pregnancies. This version replaces the document titled Criteria for number of embryos to transfer: a committee opinion that was published most recently in August of 2013 (Fertil Steril 2013;99:44-6).

12 Guideline Recommendations for practices utilizing gestational carriers: a committee opinion. 2017

Anonymous8700892 / Anonymous8710892. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #28069181.

ABSTRACT: This document provides the latest recommendations for evaluation of gestational carriers and intended parents. It incorporates recent information from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US Food and Drug Administration, and the American Association of Tissue Banks, with which all programs offering gestational carrier services must be thoroughly familiar. This document replaces the previous document of the same name, last published in 2015 (Fertil Steril

13 Guideline Financial compensation of oocyte donors: an Ethics Committee opinion. 2016

Anonymous1330901 / Anonymous1340901. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #28340933.

ABSTRACT: Financial compensation of women donating oocytes for infertility therapy or for research is justified on ethical grounds and should acknowledge the time, inconvenience, and discomfort associated with screening, ovarian stimulation, and oocyte retrieval, and not vary according to the planned use of the oocytes, the number or quality of oocytes retrieved, the number or outcome of prior donation cycles, or the donor's ethnic or other personal characteristics. This document replaces the document of the same name, last published in 2007 (Fertil Steril 2007;88:305-9).

14 Guideline Prevention and treatment of moderate and severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: a guideline. 2016

Anonymous21730882 / Anonymous21740882. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #27678032.

ABSTRACT: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an uncommon but serious complication associated with assisted reproductive technology (ART). This systematic review aims to identify who is at high risk, how to prevent OHSS, and the treatment for existing OHSS.

15 Guideline Cross-border reproductive care: an Ethics Committee opinion. 2016

Anonymous21710882 / Anonymous21720882. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #27678029.

ABSTRACT: Cross-border reproductive care (CBRC) is a growing worldwide phenomenon, raising questions about why assisted reproductive technology (ART) patients travel abroad, what harms and benefits may result, and what duties health-care providers may have in advising and treating patients who travel for reproductive services. Cross-border care offers benefits and poses harms to ART stakeholders, including patients, offspring, providers, gamete donors, gestational carriers, and local populations in destination countries. This document replaces the previous document of the same name, last published in 2013 (Fertil Steril 2013;100:645-50).

16 Guideline Fertility drugs and cancer: a guideline. 2016

Anonymous6950879 / Anonymous6960879. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #27573989.

ABSTRACT: Methodological limitations in studying the association between the use of fertility drugs and cancer include the inherent increased risk of cancer in women who never conceive, the low incidence of most of these cancers, and that the age of diagnosis of cancer typically is many years after fertility drug use. Based on available data, there does not appear to be a meaningful increased risk of invasive ovarian cancer, breast cancer, or endometrial cancer following the use of fertility drugs. Several studies have shown a small increased risk of borderline ovarian tumors; however, there is insufficient consistent evidence that a particular fertility drug increases the risk of borderline ovarian tumors, and any absolute risk is small. Given the available literature, patients should be counseled that infertile women may be at an increased risk of invasive ovarian, endometrial, and breast cancer; however, use of fertility drugs does not appear to increase this risk.

17 Guideline Provision of fertility services for women at increased risk of complications during fertility treatment or pregnancy: an Ethics Committee opinion. 2016

Anonymous10770878 / Anonymous10780878. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #27530060.

ABSTRACT: This opinion addresses the ethics of providing fertility treatment to women at elevated risk from fertility treatment or pregnancy. Providers ethically may treat women at elevated risk provided that they are carefully assessed; that specialists in their medical condition are consulted as appropriate; and that patients are fully informed about risks, benefits, and alternatives, including oocyte and embryo donation, use of a gestational surrogate, not undergoing fertility care, and adoption. Providers also may conclude that the risks are too high for them to treat particular patients ethically; such determinations must be made in a medically objective and unbiased manner and patients must be fully informed of the decision. Counseling of women who wish to initiate fertility treatment with underlying medical conditions that confer increased risk during treatment or pregnancy should incorporate the most current knowledge available, being cognizant of the woman's personal determinants in relation to her reproductive desires. In such a way, both physician and patient will optimize decision making in an ethically sound, patient-supportive context.

18 Guideline Financial "risk-sharing" or refund programs in assisted reproduction: an Ethics Committee opinion. 2016

Anonymous10540875 / Anonymous10550875. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #27450188.

ABSTRACT: Financial "risk-sharing" fee structures in assisted reproduction programs charge patients a higher initial fee but provide reduced fees for subsequent cycles and often a partial or complete refund if treatment fails. This opinion of the ASRM Ethics Committee analyzes the ethical issues raised by these fee structures, including patient selection criteria, conflicts of interest, success rate transparency, and patient informed consent. This document replaces the document of the same name, last published in 2013 (Fertil Steril 2013;100:334-6).

19 Guideline Oocyte or embryo donation to women of advanced reproductive age: an Ethics Committee opinion. 2016

Anonymous10520875 / Anonymous10530875. ·American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #27450186.

ABSTRACT: Advanced reproductive age (ARA) is a risk factor for female infertility, pregnancy loss, fetal anomalies, stillbirth, and obstetric complications. Oocyte donation reverses the age-related decline in implantation and birth rates of women in their 40s and 50s and restores pregnancy potential beyond menopause. However, obstetrical complications in older patients remain high, particularly related to operative delivery and hypertensive and cardiovascular risks. Physicians should perform a thorough medical evaluation designed to assess the physical fitness of a patient for pregnancy before deciding to attempt transfer of embryos to any woman of advanced reproductive age (>45 years). Embryo transfer should be strongly discouraged or denied to women of ARA with underlying conditions that increase or exacerbate obstetrical risks. Because of concerns related to the high-risk nature of pregnancy, as well as longevity, treatment of women over the age of 55 should generally be discouraged. This statement replaces the earlier ASRM Ethics Committee document of the same name, last published in 2013 (Fertil Steril 2013;100:337-40).

20 Guideline Uterine septum: a guideline. 2016

Anonymous11510869 / Anonymous11520869. · ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #27235766.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this guideline is to review the literature regarding septate uterus and determine optimal indications and methods of treatment for it. Septate uterus has been associated with an increase in the risk of miscarriage, premature delivery, and malpresentation; however, there is insufficient evidence that a uterine septum is associated with infertility. Several studies indicate that treating a uterine septum is associated with an improvement in live-birth rates in women with a history of prior pregnancy loss, recurrent pregnancy loss, or infertility. In a patient without infertility or prior pregnancy loss, it may be reasonable to consider septum incision following counseling regarding potential risks and benefits of the procedure. Many techniques are available to surgically treat a uterine septum, but there is insufficient evidence to recommend one specific method over another.

21 Guideline Committee Opinion No. 663 Summary: Aromatase Inhibitors in Gynecologic Practice. 2016

Anonymous90869. · ·Obstet Gynecol · Pubmed #27214185.

ABSTRACT: Aromatase inhibitors have been used for the treatment of breast cancer, ovulation induction, endometriosis, and other estrogen-modulated conditions. For women with breast cancer, bone mineral density screening is recommended with long-term aromatase inhibitor use because of risk of osteoporosis due to estrogen deficiency. Based on long-term adverse effects and complication safety data, when compared with tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors are associated with a reduced incidence of thrombosis, endometrial cancer, and vaginal bleeding. For women with polycystic ovary syndrome and a body mass index greater than 30, letrozole should be considered as first-line therapy for ovulation induction because of the increased live birth rate compared with clomiphene citrate. Lifestyle changes that result in weight loss should be strongly encouraged. Aromatase inhibitors are a promising therapeutic option that may be helpful for the management of endometriosis-associated pain in combination therapy with progestins.

22 Guideline AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGISTS, AMERICAN COLLEGE OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, AND ANDROGEN EXCESS AND PCOS SOCIETY DISEASE STATE CLINICAL REVIEW: GUIDE TO THE BEST PRACTICES IN THE EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME - PART 2. 2015

Goodman, Neil F / Cobin, Rhoda H / Futterweit, Walter / Glueck, Jennifer S / Legro, Richard S / Carmina, Enrico / Anonymous3000851 / Anonymous3010851 / Anonymous3020851. · ·Endocr Pract · Pubmed #26642102.

ABSTRACT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is recognized as the most common endocrine disorder of reproductive-aged women around the world. This document, produced by the collaboration of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the Androgen Excess Society aims to highlight the most important clinical issues confronting physicians and their patients with PCOS. It is a summary of current best practices in 2014. Insulin resistance is believed to play an intrinsic role in the pathogenesis of PCOS. The mechanism by which insulin resistance or insulin give rise to oligomenorrhea and hyperandrogenemia, however, is unclear. Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp studies have shown that both obese and lean women with PCOS have some degree of insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is implicated in the ovulatory dysfunction of PCOS by disrupting the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Given the association with insulin resistance, all women with PCOS require evaluation for the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and the possible risk of clinical events, including acute myocardial infarction and stroke. Obese women with PCOS are at increased risk for MetS with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT; 31 to 35%) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM; 7.5 to 10%). Rates of progression from normal glucose tolerance to IGT, and in turn to T2DM, may be as high as 5 to 15% within 3 years. Data suggest the need for baseline oral glucose tolerance test every 1 to 2 years based on family history of T2DM as well as body mass index (BMI) and yearly in women with IGT. Compared with BMI- and age-matched controls, young, lean PCOS women have lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL) size, higher very-low-density lipoprotein particle number, higher low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particle number, and borderline lower LDL size. Statins have been shown to lower testosterone levels either alone or in combination with oral contraceptives (OCPs) but have not shown improvement in menses, spontaneous ovulation, hirsutism, or acne. Statins reduce total and LDL cholesterol but have no effect on HDL, C-reactive protein, fasting insulin, or homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance in PCOS women, in contrast to the general population. There have been no long-term studies of statins on clinical cardiac outcomes in women with PCOS. Coronary calcification is more prevalent and more severe in PCOS than in controls. In women under 60 years of age undergoing coronary angiography, the presence of polycystic ovaries on sonography has been associated with more arterial segments with >50% stenosis, but the relationship between PCOS and actual cardiovascular events remains unclear. Therapies for PCOS are varied in their effects and targets and include both nonpharmacologic as well as pharmacologic approaches. Weight loss is the primary therapy in PCOS--reduction in weight of as little as 5% can restore regular menses and improve response to ovulation- inducing and fertility medications. Metformin in premenopausal PCOS women has been associated with a reduction in features of MetS. Clamp studies using ethinyl estradiol/drosperinone combination failed to reveal evidence of an increase in either peripheral or hepatic insulin resistance. Subjects with PCOS have a 1.5-times higher baseline risk of venous thromboembolic disease and a 3.7-fold greater effect with OCP use compared with non-PCOS subjects. There is currently no genetic test to screen for or diagnose PCOS, and there is no test to assist in the choice of treatment strategies. Persistent bleeding should always be investigated for pregnancy and/or uterine pathology--including transvaginal ultrasound exam and endometrial biopsy--in women with PCOS. PCOS women can have difficulty conceiving. Those who become pregnant are at risk for gestational diabetes (which should be evaluated and managed appropriately) and the microvascular complications of diabetes. Assessment of a woman with PCOS for infertility involves evaluating for preconceptional issues that may affect response to therapy or lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes and evaluating the couple for other common infertility issues that may affect the choice of therapy, such as a semen analysis. Women with PCOS have multiple factors that may lead to an elevated risk of pregnancy, including a high prevalence of IGT--a clear risk factor for gestational diabetes--and MetS with hypertension, which increases the risk for pre-eclampsia and placental abruption. Women should be screened and treated for hypertension and diabetes prior to attempting conception. Women should be counseled about weight loss prior to attempting conception, although there are limited clinical trial data demonstrating a benefit to this recommendation. Treatment for women with PCOS and anovulatory infertility should begin with an oral agent such as clomiphene citrate or letrozole, an aromatase inhibitor.

23 Guideline Obesity and reproduction: a committee opinion. 2015

Anonymous5940844. · ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #26434804.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this ASRM Practice Committee report is to provide clinicians with principles and strategies for the evaluation and treatment of couples with infertility associated with obesity. This revised document replaces the Practice Committee document titled, "Obesity and reproduction: an educational bulletin," last published in 2008 (Fertil Steril 2008;90:S21-9).

24 Guideline Disparities in access to effective treatment for infertility in the United States: an Ethics Committee opinion. 2015

Anonymous3650842. · ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #26364838.

ABSTRACT: In the United States, economic, racial, ethnic, geographic, and other disparities exist in access to fertility treatment and in treatment outcomes. This opinion examines the factors that contribute to these disparities and proposes actions to address them.

25 Guideline Access to fertility services by transgender persons: an Ethics Committee opinion. 2015

Anonymous3320842. · ·Fertil Steril · Pubmed #26363388.

ABSTRACT: This statement explores the ethical considerations surrounding the provision of fertility services to transgender individuals and concludes that denial of access to fertility services is not justified.

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