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Irritable Bowel Syndrome: HELP
Articles by Stephen M. Barratt
Based on 3 articles published since 2010
(Why 3 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, S. M. Barratt wrote the following 3 articles about Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Factors influencing the type, timing and severity of symptomatic responses to dietary gluten in patients with biopsy-proven coeliac disease. 2013

Barratt, Stephen M / Leeds, John S / Sanders, David S. ·Shefield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Shefield,UK; Email:david.sanders@sth.nhs.uk. ·J Gastrointestin Liver Dis · Pubmed #24369320.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND & AIM: There is a paucity of data reflecting the symptomatic responses to dietary gluten (SRDG) in patients with Coeliac Disease (CD). We aimed to determine the type, timing and severity of SRDG with reference to a range of disease-related factors. METHODS: Postal survey of 224 biopsy-proven patients including gluten-free diet (GFD) adherence, symptom checklist, ROME II criteria and The Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale. Case-note review was also conducted. RESULTS: 26% of respondents were male. Full GFD adherence: n=159 (70%). Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): n=50 (22%). Anxiety: n=30 (13%); Depression: n=33 (14%); Anxiety & Depression: n=72 (32%). Pruritus, fatigue and bloating were a more common SRDG in the partial/none GFD adherent group (p=ns). Co-existing IBS was associated with a greater prevalence of nausea and fatigue in response to gluten (p=<0.05). Fully GFD adherent patients are more likely to have SRDG <1hr than partial/none adherent (OR 4.8; p=0.004), as are a third of patients with co-existing IBS (OR 1.5; p=0.027) and those patients at risk of both anxiety and depression (OR 1.9; p=0.04). Inadvertent exposure to dietary gluten in the fully GFD adherent group is more likely to result in a severe SRDG in comparison to symptoms arising prior to consistent GFD adherence (OR 2.3; p=0.01). IBS sufferers are also more likely to rate their SRDG as severe in nature (OR 1.4; p=0.038). CONCLUSION: Patients with consistent GFD adherence experience a SRDG faster and more severe in comparison to prior gluten exposure possibly demonstrating an adept immunological response. Anxiety and depression also enhance the speed of symptom onset and co-existing visceral hypersensitivity is a risk factor for severe reactions to dietary gluten.

2 Article Prodromal irritable bowel syndrome may be responsible for delays in diagnosis in patients presenting with unrecognized Crohn's disease and celiac disease, but not ulcerative colitis. 2011

Barratt, S M / Leeds, J S / Robinson, K / Lobo, A J / McAlindon, M E / Sanders, D S. ·The Gastroenterology & Liver Unit, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield S10 2JF, UK. mdd06sb@sheffield.ac.uk ·Dig Dis Sci · Pubmed #21695401.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the prevalence and duration of prodromal periods in patients with celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis). Furthermore, we explored to what extent vague abdominal symptoms consistent with both disorders were attributed to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and if the presence of prodromal IBS (P-IBS) had an impact on prodrome duration. METHODS: In the study, 683 biopsy-proven patients (celiac n = 225, ulcerative colitis n = 228, Crohn's disease n = 230) completed a postal survey including an assessment of prodromal periods and IBS symptoms during both the prodrome and at present (achieved by completion of the ROME II criteria). Results were compared to age/sex-matched controls (n = 348). RESULTS: Crohn's disease patients had the highest prevalence of prodromes (94%) in comparison to ulcerative colitis (48%) and celiac disease (44%). However, Crohn's disease patients have the lowest prevalence of P-IBS (29%) in comparison to ulcerative colitis (38%) and celiac disease (67%). Prodrome duration in patients with P-IBS Crohn's disease was 4 years in comparison to 2 years without (p = 0.018). Prodrome duration in P-IBS celiac disease was 10 years in comparison to 7 years without (p = 0.046). Prodrome duration in patients with ulcerative colitis was not affected by P-IBS (p ≥ 0.05). Age and sex were not confounding factors. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to make direct comparisons of prodrome periods between celiac disease and IBD. Prodrome duration in celiac disease is significantly longer and more often characterized by P-IBS than IBD. In celiac disease and CD, P-IBS increases prodrome duration. This may represent a failure to understand the overlap between IBS and celiac disease/IBD.

3 Article Reflux and irritable bowel syndrome are negative predictors of quality of life in coeliac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. 2011

Barratt, Stephen M / Leeds, John S / Robinson, Kerry / Shah, Premal J / Lobo, Alan J / McAlindon, Mark E / Sanders, David S. ·The Gastroenterology and Liver Unit, The Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK. mdd06sb@sheffield.ac.uk ·Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol · Pubmed #21178777.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND AIM: An increased prevalence of reflux and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms is associated with coeliac disease and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to determine the prevalence of reflux and IBS symptoms in a cohort of patients with coeliac disease and IBD and their relationship with quality of life (QoL) and psychological distress. METHODS: Histologically proven coeliac disease (n=225), ulcerative colitis (UC) (n=228), Crohn's disease (CD) (n=230) patients and age/sex-matched controls (n=348) completed the Short-Form 36 (SF-36)-Item Health Survey, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), reflux screen and Rome II criteria. RESULTS: UC patients report higher SF-36 (QoL) scores than coeliac disease; CD fairing worse overall (P≤0.0001). Reflux prevalence: coeliac disease 66%; UC 62%; CD 72%; controls 50%. Patients report reflux of a greater severity: coeliac disease odds ratio=6.8, 95% confidence interval=3.6-12.7, P≤0.001; IBD odds ratio=2.2, 95% confidence interval=1.6-3.2, P≤0.0001. Stepwise reductions in SF-36 scores in association with increasing reflux severity were found (P≤0.0001). IBS prevalence: coeliac disease 22%; UC 16%; CD 24%; controls 6%. Concomitant IBS was associated with reduced SF-36 scores in patients (P≤0.0001). CONCLUSION: Reflux and IBS are more prevalent in coeliac disease and IBD in comparison with age-matched and sex-matched controls. These additional symptoms are associated with reduced QoL and increasing likelihood of anxiety and depression. QoL may be improved if coeliac disease and IBD patients were assessed for reflux and IBS.