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Melanoma: HELP
Articles by Stefano Cavicchini
Based on 10 articles published since 2008
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Between 2008 and 2019, S. Cavicchini wrote the following 10 articles about Melanoma.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Guideline Spitz/Reed nevi: proposal of management recommendations by the Dermoscopy Study Group of the Italian Society of Dermatology (SIDeMaST). 2014

Broganelli, P / Titli, S / Lallas, A / Alaibac M Annetta, A / Battarra, V / Brunetti, B / Castagno, I / Cavicchini, S / Ferrari, A / Ghigliotti, G / Landi, C / Manganoni, A / Moscarella, E / Pellacani, G / Pizzichetta, M A / Rosina, P / Rubegni, P / Satta, R / Scalvenzi, M / Stanganelli, I / Stinco, G / Zalaudek, I / Zampieri, P / Argenziano, G / Anonymous1410806. ·Department of Oncology and Hematology, Section of Dermatology, City of Health and Science Hospital of Turin, Turin, Italy - paolobroganelli@inwind.it. ·G Ital Dermatol Venereol · Pubmed #25213387.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

2 Review Spitz nevus, Spitz tumor, and spitzoid melanoma: a comprehensive clinicopathologic overview. 2013

Ferrara, Gerardo / Gianotti, Raffaele / Cavicchini, Stefano / Salviato, Tiziana / Zalaudek, Iris / Argenziano, Giuseppe. ·Anatomic Pathology Unit, Department of Oncology, 'Gaetano Rummo' General Hospital, Via dell'Angelo 1, Benevento I-82100, Italy. Electronic address: gerardo.ferrara@libero.it. ·Dermatol Clin · Pubmed #24075547.

ABSTRACT: Spitz nevus can clinically present either in the classical (reddish pink) or the pigmented (brownish black) variant. Dermoscopy demonstrates that the pigmented variant is much more common than the classical variant; however, none of these show dermoscopic patterns clearly distinguishable from melanoma. Even histopathologically, a clear-cut differentiation between benign and malignant spitzoid neoplasms is often difficult, so that intermediate diagnostic categories (atypical Spitz nevus and Spitz tumor) are admitted. Because of these difficulties in clinical and histopathologic evaluation, surgical excision is recommended for clinically atypical spitzoid lesions of childhood and for all spitzoid lesions of adulthood.

3 Article Dermoscopy Improves the Diagnostic Accuracy of Melanomas Clinically Resembling Seborrheic Keratosis: Cross-Sectional Study of the Ability to Detect Seborrheic Keratosis-Like Melanomas by a Group of Dermatologists with Varying Degrees of Experience. 2017

Carrera, Cristina / Segura, Sonia / Aguilera, Paula / Takigami, Carol Midori / Gomes, Antonio / Barreiro, Alicia / Scalvenzi, Massimiliano / Longo, Caterina / Cavicchini, Stefano / Thomas, Luc / Malvehy, Josep / Puig, Susana / Zalaudek, Iris. ·Melanoma Unit, Department of Dermatology, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, Barcelona University, Barcelona, Spain. · Centre for Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases (CIBERER), ISCIII, Barcelona, Spain. · Department of Dermatology, Hospital del Mar, Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. · Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy. · Dermatology and Skin Cancer Unit, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova IRCCS, Department of Dermatology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. · UO Dermatologia, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, Lyons Cancer Research Center, INSERM U1052, CNRS UMR5286, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Lyon 1 University, Lyon, France. · Dermatology Clinic, Hospital Maggiore, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy. ·Dermatology · Pubmed #29502116.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Malignant melanomas mimicking seborrheic keratosis (SK-like MMs) carry the risk of delayed diagnosis and inadequate treatment. The value of dermoscopy to improve the correct detection of these mimickers has not been previously studied. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of clinically SK-like MMs with and without dermoscopy. METHODS: Clinical and dermoscopic images of histopathologically proven SK-like MMs (n = 134) intermingled with other melanomas and benign tumors were randomly presented to clinicians with different levels of experience, blinded to the diagnosis and goal of the study. Each participant classified each lesion as melanoma or benign tumor. The clinical and clinical-dermoscopic diagnostic accuracies were measured separately. RESULTS: Overall, 54 participants with a mean clinical experience of 15.8 years (SD 11.8) evaluated 231 tumors. Almost 40% of SK-like melanomas were clinically misclassified as benign tumor. Dermoscopy improved diagnostic accuracy for all participants, independently of experience, from 60.9 to 68.1% (p < 0.001), mostly due to a significant increase in the sensitivity (clinical 61.9% vs. dermoscopic 74.5%) (p < 0.001). Dermoscopy did not significantly affect specificity among the experienced participants (≥6 years of experience) compared to clinical examination (61.1 vs. 59.6%, respectively); in contrast, dermoscopy was associated with a decrease in specificity compared to clinical diagnosis among novice participants (< 6 years) (45.6 vs. 61.1%, respectively; p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Melanomas can be clinically indistinguishable from SKs despite being evaluated by expert dermatologists. Dermoscopy, even in nonexpert hands, significantly improves their recognition.

4 Article Clinicopathological predictors of recurrence in nodular and superficial spreading cutaneous melanoma: a multivariate analysis of 214 cases. 2017

Pizzichetta, Maria A / Massi, Daniela / Mandalà, Mario / Queirolo, Paola / Stanganelli, Ignazio / De Giorgi, Vincenzo / Ghigliotti, Giovanni / Cavicchini, Stefano / Quaglino, Pietro / Corradin, Maria T / Rubegni, Pietro / Alaibac, Mauro / Astorino, Stefano / Ayala, Fabrizio / Magi, Serena / Mazzoni, Laura / Manganoni, Maria Ausilia / Talamini, Renato / Serraino, Diego / Palmieri, Giuseppe / Anonymous1471021. ·Division of Oncology B, CRO Aviano National Cancer Institute, Via Franco Gallini 2, 33081, Aviano, Italy. pizzichetta@cro.it. · Division of Pathological Anatomy, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. · Unit of Medical Oncology, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo, Italy. · Department of Medical Oncology, National Institute for Cancer Research, IRCCS San Martino, Genoa, Italy. · Skin Cancer Unit, Istituto Tumori Romagna (IRST), Meldola, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Parma, Parma, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. · Clinic of Dermatology, IRCCS San Martino-IST, Genoa, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico IRCCS, Milan, Italy. · Dermatologic Clinic, Dept Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Turin, Italy. · Division of Dermatology, Pordenone Hospital, Pordenone, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Padova, Padua, Italy. · Division of Dermatology, Celio Hospital, Rome, Italy. · National Cancer Institute, "Fondazione G. Pascale"-IRCCS, Naples, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, ASST degli Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy. · Unit of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, CRO Aviano National Cancer Institute, Aviano, Italy. · Unit of Cancer Genetics, Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry (ICB), National Research Council (CNR), Sassari, Italy. ·J Transl Med · Pubmed #29115977.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Nodular melanoma (NM) accounts for most thick melanomas and because of their frequent association with ulceration, fast growth rate and high mitotic rate, contribute substantially to melanoma-related mortality. In a multicentric series of 214 primary melanomas including 96 NM and 118 superficial spreading melanoma (SSM), histopathological features were examined with the aim to identify clinicopathological predictors of recurrence. METHODS: All consecutive cases of histopathologically diagnosed primary invasive SSM and NM during the period 2005-2010, were retrieved from the 12 participating Italian Melanoma Intergroup (IMI) centers. Each center provided clinico-pathological data such as gender, age at diagnosis, anatomical site, histopathological conventional parameters, date of excision and first melanoma recurrence. RESULTS: Results showed that NM subtype was significantly associated with Breslow thickness (BT) at multivariate analysis: [BT 1.01-2 mm (OR 7.22; 95% CI 2.73-19.05), BT 2.01-4 mm (OR 7.04; 95% CI 2.54-19.56), and BT > 4 mm (OR 51.78; 95% CI 5.65-474.86) (p < 0.0001)]. Furthermore, mitotic rate (MR) was significantly correlated with NM histotype: [(MR 3-5 mitoses/mm CONCLUSIONS: We found that NM subtype was significantly associated with higher BT and MR but it was not a prognostic factor since it did not significantly correlate with melanoma recurrence rate. Conversely, increased BT and MR as well as SNLB positivity were significantly associated with a higher risk of melanoma recurrence.

5 Article Dermoscopic Clues for Diagnosing Melanomas That Resemble Seborrheic Keratosis. 2017

Carrera, Cristina / Segura, Sonia / Aguilera, Paula / Scalvenzi, Massimiliano / Longo, Caterina / Barreiro, Alicia / Broganelli, Paolo / Cavicchini, Stefano / Llambrich, Alex / Zaballos, Pedro / Thomas, Luc / Malvehy, Josep / Puig, Susana / Zalaudek, Iris. ·Melanoma Unit, Department of Dermatology, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain2Centre of Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases (CIBERER), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Barcelona, Spain. · Department of Dermatology, Hospital del Mar, Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. · Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy. · Dermatology and Skin Cancer Unit, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Reggio Emilia, Italy6Department of Dermatology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. · Melanoma Unit, Department of Dermatology, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. · Città della Salute e della Scienza, Turin, Italy. · Unità Operative (UO) Dermatologia Fondazione IRCCS, Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Italy. · Dermatology, Hospital Son Llatzer, Palma Mallorca, Spain. · Dermatology Department, Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Tecla, Tarragona, Spain. · Department of Dermatology, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Lyon 1 University, Lyons Cancer Research Center (Pr Puisieux), Lyon, France. · Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria. ·JAMA Dermatol · Pubmed #28355453.

ABSTRACT: Importance: Melanomas that clinically mimic seborrheic keratosis (SK) can delay diagnosis and adequate treatment. However, little is known about the value of dermoscopy in recognizing these difficult-to-diagnose melanomas. Objective: To describe the dermoscopic features of SK-like melanomas to understand their clinical morphology. Design, Setting, and Participants: This observational retrospective study used 134 clinical and dermoscopic images of histopathologically proven melanomas in 134 patients treated in 9 skin cancer centers in Spain, France, Italy, and Austria. Without knowledge that the definite diagnosis for all the lesions was melanoma, 2 dermoscopy-trained observers evaluated the clinical descriptions and 48 dermoscopic features (including all melanocytic and nonmelanocytic criteria) of all 134 images and classified each dermoscopically as SK or not SK. The total dermoscopy score and the 7-point checklist score were assessed. Images of the lesions and patient data were collected from July 15, 2013, through July 31, 2014. Main Outcomes and Measures: Frequencies of specific morphologic patterns of (clinically and dermoscopically) SK-like melanomas, patient demographics, and interobserver agreement of criteria were evaluated. Results: Of the 134 cases collected from 72 men and 61 women, all of whom were white and who had a mean (SD) age of 55.6 (17.5) years, 110 (82.1%) revealed dermoscopic features suggestive of melanoma, including pigment network (74 [55.2%]), blue-white veil (72 [53.7%]), globules and dots (68 [50.7%]), pseudopods or streaks (47 [35.1%]), and blue-black sign (43 [32.3%]). The remaining 24 cases (17.9%) were considered likely SKs, even by dermoscopy. Overall, lesions showed a scaly and hyperkeratotic surface (45 [33.6%]), yellowish keratin (42 [31.3%]), comedo-like openings (41 [30.5%]), and milia-like cysts (30 [22.4%]). The entire sample achieved a mean (SD) total dermoscopy score of 4.7 (1.6) and a 7-point checklist score of 4.4 (2.3), while dermoscopically SK-like melanomas achieved a total dermoscopy score of only 4.2 (1.3) and a 7-point checklist score of 2.0 (1.9), both in the range of benignity. The most helpful criteria in correctly diagnosing SK-like melanomas were the presence of blue-white veil, pseudopods or streaks, and pigment network. Multivariate analysis found only the blue-black sign to be significantly associated with a correct diagnosis, while hyperkeratosis and fissures and ridges were independent risk markers of dermoscopically SK-like melanomas. Conclusions and Relevance: Seborrheic keratosis-like melanomas can be dermoscopically challenging, but the presence of the blue-black sign, pigment network, pseudopods or streaks, and/or blue-white veil, despite the presence of other SK features, allows the correct diagnosis of most of the difficult melanoma cases.

6 Article Pigmented nodular melanoma: the predictive value of dermoscopic features using multivariate analysis. 2015

Pizzichetta, M A / Kittler, H / Stanganelli, I / Bono, R / Cavicchini, S / De Giorgi, V / Ghigliotti, G / Quaglino, P / Rubegni, P / Argenziano, G / Talamini, R / Anonymous1690828. ·Division of Medical Oncology - Preventive Oncology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, National Cancer Institute, Via Franco Gallini, 2, 33081, Aviano, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. · Skin Cancer Unit, Istituto Tumori Romagna (IRST), Meldola, Italy. · Istituto Dermopatico Immacolata, IRCCS, Rome, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico IRCCS, Milan, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. · Clinic of Dermatology, IRCCS San Martino - Ist, Genoa, Italy. · Dermatologic Clinic, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. · Skin Cancer Unit, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy. · Unit of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, National Cancer Institute, Via Franco Gallini, 2, 33081, Aviano, Italy. ·Br J Dermatol · Pubmed #25916655.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Nodular melanoma (NM), representing 10-30% of all melanomas, plays a major role in global mortality related to melanoma. Nonetheless, the literature on dermoscopy of NM is scanty. OBJECTIVES: To assess odds ratios (ORs) to quantify dermoscopic features of pigmented NM vs. pigmented superficial spreading melanoma (SSM), and pigmented nodular nonmelanocytic and benign melanocytic lesions. METHODS: To assess the presence or absence of global patterns and dermoscopic criteria, digitized images of 457 pigmented skin lesions from patients with a histopathological diagnosis of NM (n = 75), SSM (n = 93), and nodular nonmelanocytic and benign melanocytic lesions (n = 289; namely, 39 basal cell carcinomas, 85 seborrhoeic keratoses, 81 blue naevi, and 84 compound/dermal naevi) were retrospectively collected and blindly evaluated by three observers. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis showed that ulceration (OR 4.07), homogeneous disorganized pattern (OR 10.76), and homogeneous blue pigmented structureless areas (OR 2.37) were significantly independent prognostic factors for NM vs. SSM. Multivariate analysis of dermoscopic features of NM vs. nonmelanocytic and benign melanocytic lesions showed that the positive correlating features leading to a significantly increased risk of NM were asymmetric pigmentation (OR 6.70), blue-black pigmented areas (OR 7.15), homogeneous disorganized pattern (OR 9.62), a combination of polymorphous vessels and milky-red globules/areas (OR 23.65), and polymorphous vessels combined with homogeneous red areas (OR 33.88). CONCLUSIONS: Dermoscopy may be helpful in improving the recognition of pigmented NM by revealing asymmetric pigmentation, blue-black pigmented areas, homogeneous disorganized pattern and abnormal vascular structures, including polymorphous vessels, milky-red globules/areas and homogeneous red areas.

7 Article Differences in clinicopathological features and distribution of risk factors in Italian melanoma patients. 2015

Fava, P / Astrua, C / Chiarugi, A / Crocetti, E / Pimpinelli, N / Fargnoli, M C / Maurichi, A / Rubegni, P / Manganoni, A M / Bottoni, U / Catricalà, C / Cavicchini, S / Santinami, M / Alaibac, M / Annetta, A / Borghi, A / Calzavara Pinton, P / Capizzi, R / Clerico, R / Colombo, E / Corradin, M T / De Simone, P / Fantini, F / Ferreli, C / Filosa, G / Girgenti, V / Giulioni, E / Guarneri, C / Lamberti, A / Lisi, P / Nardini, P / Papini, M / Peris, K / Pizzichetta, M A / Salvini, C / Savoia, P / Strippoli, D / Tolomio, E / Tomassini, M A / Vena, G A / Zichichi, L / Patrizi, A / Argenziano, G / Simonacci, M / Quaglino, P. ·Dermatologic Clinic, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. ·Dermatology · Pubmed #25659983.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: No studies are available in the literature on the distribution of different melanoma features and risk factors in the Italian geographical areas. OBJECTIVE: To identify the differences in clinical-pathological features of melanoma, the distribution of risk factors and sun exposure in various Italian macro-areas. METHODS: Multicentric-observational study involving 1,472 melanoma cases (713 north, 345 centre, 414 south) from 26 referral centres belonging to the Italian Multidisciplinary Group for Melanoma. RESULTS: Melanoma patients in northern regions are younger, with thinner melanoma, multiple primaries, lower-intermediate phototype and higher counts of naevi with respect to southern patients; detection of a primary was mostly connected with a physician examination, while relatives were more involved in the south. Northern patients reported a more frequent use of sunbeds and occurrence of sunburns before melanoma despite sunscreen use and a lower sun exposure during the central hours of the day. CONCLUSIONS: The understanding of differences in risk factors distribution could represent the basis for tailored prevention programmes.

8 Article One ulcer and two nodules on the foot: a quiz. Diagnosis: Subungual ulcerative amelanotic nail apparatus melanoma with giant nodular pigmented satellite metastases. 2013

Girgenti, Valentina / Balice, Ylenia / Cavicchini, Stefano / Fiorani, Roberta / Gianotti, Raffaele / Veraldi, Stefano. ·Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Dermatological Sciences, University of Milan, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, via Pace 9, IT-20122 Milan, Italy. E-mail: valentinagirgenti@hotmail.com. ·Acta Derm Venereol · Pubmed #22565305.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

9 Minor Dermoscopic diagnosis of amelanotic/hypomelanotic melanoma. 2017

Pizzichetta, M A / Kittler, H / Stanganelli, I / Ghigliotti, G / Corradin, M T / Rubegni, P / Cavicchini, S / De Giorgi, V / Bono, R / Alaibac, M / Astorino, S / Ayala, F / Quaglino, P / Pellacani, G / Argenziano, G / Guardoli, D / Specchio, F / Serraino, D / Talamini, R / Anonymous24890882. ·Division of Medical Oncology - Preventive Oncology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, National Cancer Institute, Aviano, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. · Skin Cancer Unit, Istituto Tumori Romagna (IRST), Meldola, Department of Dermatology, University of Parma, Italy. · IRCCS San Martino - 1st Clinic of Dermatology, Genova, Italy. · Division of Dermatology, Pordenone Hospital, Pordenone, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico IRCCS, Milan, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. · Istituto Dermopatico Immacolata, IRCCS, Rome, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Padova, Italy. · Division of Dermatology, Celio Hospital, Rome, Italy. · National Cancer Institute, 'Fondazione G. Pascale'-IRCCS, Naples, Italy. · Dermatologic Clinic, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy. · Department of Dermatology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. · Dermatology Unit, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy. · Skin Cancer Unit, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy. · Unit of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, National Cancer Institute, Aviano, Italy. ·Br J Dermatol · Pubmed #27681347.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

10 Minor Amelanotic melanoma mimicking keratoacanthoma: the diagnostic role of dermoscopy. 2013

Cavicchini, Stefano / Tourlaki, Athanasia / Lunardon, Luisa / Boneschi, Vinicio / Gianotti, Raffaele. · ·Int J Dermatol · Pubmed #23113565.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --