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Osteoporosis: HELP
Articles by Amr El-Husseini
Based on 2 articles published since 2010
(Why 2 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, Amr El-Husseini wrote the following 2 articles about Osteoporosis.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Urinary calcium excretion and bone turnover in osteoporotic patients
. 2017

El-Husseini, Amr / Chakraborty, Amit / Yuan, Qingcong / Inayatullah, Saqib / Bush, Heather / Sawaya, B Peter. · ·Clin Nephrol · Pubmed #29017699.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: It is well documented that patients with osteoporosis (OP) have high incidence of hypercalciuria (HC). However, the mechanism of HC in patients with OP is not well established. It is thought to be the result of high bone turnover (HBT) with excessive bone resorption. OP also frequently presents with low bone turnover (LBT). At this time, it is not clear whether OP with LBT is also associated with hypercalciuria. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate urinary calcium excretion in osteoporotic patients with HBT and LBT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 132 patients with osteoporosis who underwent bone biopsy at the University of Kentucky between January 2010 and December 2012. Based on bone biopsy results, patients were divided into HBT or LBT groups. Demographic data, medical history, bone mineral density, serum creatinine, calcium, phosphorus, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), filtered calcium load, fractional excretion of calcium and phosphorus, 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels, and 24-hour urinary calcium excretion and creatinine were obtained from the patients' medical records. Also, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), serum osteocalcin, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, N-telopeptide of type I collagen, and urine pyridinium levels were measured. RESULTS: Hypercalciuria was present in approximately half of the patients in both the HBT and LBT groups. Patients with HBT OP were significantly younger than those with LBT OP (p = 0.013). There was no difference between HBT and LBT patients in 24-hour urinary calcium excretion, serum creatinine, calcium, phosphorus, eGFR, filtered calcium load, and fractional excretion of phosphorus. Mean values of serum osteocalcin and serum N-telopeptide of type I collagen were significantly lower in the LBT compared to the HBT group (p = 0.000 and 0.0152, respectively). There was a significant correlation between filtered calcium load and urinary calcium excretion in HBT patients but not in patients with LBT. Fractional excretion of calcium significantly correlated with urinary calcium excretion in both groups. There was no correlation between kidney function and 24-hour urinary calcium excretion. There was no correlation between dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry T-scores and 24-hour urinary calcium excretion. CONCLUSION: HC is frequently present in patients with OP regardless of the underlying bone turnover status. This may suggest the presence of a bone-derived renal calcium regulating factor(s). Further studies are needed to understand the exact mechanism and the potential consequences of HC in OP patients.
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2 Article Effect of chronic hepatitis C virus infection on bone mineral density in pediatric renal transplant recipients. 2013

El-Husseini, Amr / Sabry, Alaa / Hassan, Rashad / Sobh, Mohamed. ·University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. elhusseini.amr@gmail.com ·Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl · Pubmed #24029255.

ABSTRACT: Previous studies have suggested that loss of bone mineral density (BMD) frequently occurs in patients with chronic viral liver disease, presenting with histologically proven liver cirrhosis. However, little is known about the occurrence of bone disease in non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, such an effect has never been studied in pediatric renal transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of HCV infection on BMD in pediatric renal transplant patients. We performed a cross-sectional study to assess BMD and HCV in 83 patients who received living renal allotransplants in the Mansoura Urology and Nephrology Center between 1983 and 2005. The mean age of the study patients at transplantation was 13.4 ± 2.9 years; there were 53 males (63.9%) and 30 females (36.1%). BMD was studied using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry at various time intervals up to 16 years after transplantation (mean duration after transplantation was 48 ± 34 months, range 12- 192 months). Thirty-three patients tested positive for HCV-RNA (positive group) and 50 patients were negative (negative group), and we compared the BMD between the two groups. Before transplantation, 58 patients (69.9%) were on maintenance hemodialysis, four (4.8%) were on peritoneal dialysis and 21 (25.3%) were pre-emptive. Among the HCV-positive group, six patients (18.2%) had osteoporosis, 17 (51.5%) had osteopenia and ten (30.3%) had normal BMD. In the HCV-negative group, ten patients (20.0%) had osteoporosis, 24 (48.0%) had osteopenia and 16 (32.0%) had normal BMD. The difference was not significant between the two groups (P = 0.9). Also, there was no significant difference in the serum creatinine, calcium, phosphorus and parathormone levels between the two groups. Our results suggest that chronic HCV infection does not pose a risk for low BMD in pediatric renal transplant recipients.