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Osteoporosis: HELP
Articles by Nicola Pannacciulli
Based on 5 articles published since 2008

Between 2008 and 2019, N. Pannacciulli wrote the following 5 articles about Osteoporosis.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial 10 years of denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: results from the phase 3 randomised FREEDOM trial and open-label extension. 2017

Bone, Henry G / Wagman, Rachel B / Brandi, Maria L / Brown, Jacques P / Chapurlat, Roland / Cummings, Steven R / Czerwiński, Edward / Fahrleitner-Pammer, Astrid / Kendler, David L / Lippuner, Kurt / Reginster, Jean-Yves / Roux, Christian / Malouf, Jorge / Bradley, Michelle N / Daizadeh, Nadia S / Wang, Andrea / Dakin, Paula / Pannacciulli, Nicola / Dempster, David W / Papapoulos, Socrates. ·Michigan Bone and Mineral Clinic, Detroit, MI, USA; Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Diabetes, University of Michigan, Ann Harbor, MI, USA. Electronic address: hgbone.md@att.net. · Research and Development, Amgen, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA. · Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. · Department of Medicine, Laval University and CHU de Québec Research Centre, Quebec City, QC, Canada. · INSERM UMR 1033, Université de Lyon, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France. · San Francisco Coordinating Center, CPMC Research Institute, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA. · Krakow Medical Centre, Krakow, Poland. · Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria. · Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. · Department of Osteoporosis, Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland. · Bone and Cartilage Metabolism Unit, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium. · Department of Rheumatology, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France. · Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain. · Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Regional Bone Center, Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, NY, USA. · Center for Bone Quality, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands. ·Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol · Pubmed #28546097.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Long-term safety and efficacy of osteoporosis treatment are important because of the chronic nature of the disease. We aimed to assess the long-term safety and efficacy of denosumab, which is widely used for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. METHODS: In the multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 FREEDOM trial, postmenopausal women aged 60-90 years with osteoporosis were enrolled in 214 centres in North America, Europe, Latin America, and Australasia and were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive 60 mg subcutaneous denosumab or placebo every 6 months for 3 years. All participants who completed the FREEDOM trial without discontinuing treatment or missing more than one dose of investigational product were eligible to enrol in the open-label, 7-year extension, in which all participants received denosumab. The data represent up to 10 years of denosumab exposure for women who received 3 years of denosumab in FREEDOM and continued in the extension (long-term group), and up to 7 years for women who received 3 years of placebo and transitioned to denosumab in the extension (crossover group). The primary outcome was safety monitoring, comprising assessments of adverse event incidence and serious adverse event incidence, changes in safety laboratory analytes (ie, serum chemistry and haematology), and participant incidence of denosumab antibody formation. Secondary outcomes included new vertebral, hip, and non-vertebral fractures as well as bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine, total hip, femoral neck, and one-third radius. Analyses were done according to the randomised FREEDOM treatment assignments. All participants who received at least one dose of investigational product in FREEDOM or the extension were included in the combined safety analyses. All participants who enrolled in the extension with observed data were included in the efficacy analyses. The FREEDOM trial (NCT00089791) and its extension (NCT00523341) are both registered with ClinicalTrials.gov. FINDINGS: Between Aug 3, 2004, and June 1, 2005, 7808 women were enrolled in the FREEDOM study. 5928 (76%) women were eligible for enrolment in the extension, and of these, 4550 (77%) were enrolled (2343 long-term, 2207 crossover) between Aug 7, 2007, and June 20, 2008. 2626 women (1343 long-term; 1283 crossover) completed the extension. The yearly exposure-adjusted participant incidence of adverse events for all individuals receiving denosumab decreased from 165·3 to 95·9 per 100 participant-years over the course of 10 years. Serious adverse event rates were generally stable over time, varying between 11·5 and 14·4 per 100 participant-years. One atypical femoral fracture occurred in each group during the extension. Seven cases of osteonecrosis of the jaw were reported in the long-term group and six cases in the crossover group. The yearly incidence of new vertebral fractures (ranging from 0·90% to 1·86%) and non-vertebral fractures (ranging from 0·84% to 2·55%) remained low during the extension, similar to rates observed in the denosumab group during the first three years of the FREEDOM study, and lower than rates projected for a virtual long-term placebo cohort. In the long-term group, BMD increased from FREEDOM baseline by 21·7% at the lumbar spine, 9·2% at total hip, 9·0% at femoral neck, and 2·7% at the one-third radius. In the crossover group, BMD increased from extension baseline by 16·5% at the lumbar spine, 7·4% at total hip, 7·1% at femoral neck, and 2·3% at one-third radius. INTERPRETATION: Denosumab treatment for up to 10 years was associated with low rates of adverse events, low fracture incidence compared with that observed during the original trial, and continued increases in BMD without plateau. FUNDING: Amgen.

2 Article Denosumab versus risedronate in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis: a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, double-dummy, non-inferiority study. 2018

Saag, Kenneth G / Wagman, Rachel B / Geusens, Piet / Adachi, Jonathan D / Messina, Osvaldo D / Emkey, Ronald / Chapurlat, Roland / Wang, Andrea / Pannacciulli, Nicola / Lems, Willem F. ·University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. Electronic address: ksaag@uabmc.edu. · Amgen, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA. · Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands. · McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. · Cosme Argerich Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina. · Emkey Arthritis & Osteoporosis Clinic, Wyomissing, PA, USA. · Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France. · Amsterdam Rheumatology & Immunology Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ·Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol · Pubmed #29631782.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is the most common form of secondary osteoporosis and is associated with an estimated annual fracture rate of 5%. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of denosumab compared with risedronate in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. METHODS: We did a 24-month, double-blind, active-controlled, double-dummy, non-inferiority study at 79 centres in Europe, Latin America, Asia, and North America. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older and were receiving glucocorticoids (≥7·5 mg prednisone daily, or equivalent) for at least 3 months (glucocorticoid continuing) or less than 3 months (glucocorticoid initiating) before screening. Patients younger than 50 years needed to have a history of osteoporosis-related fracture; glucocorticoid-continuing patients aged 50 years or older needed a lumbar spine, total hip, or femoral neck bone mineral density T score of -2·0 or less, or -1·0 or less if they had a history of osteoporosis-related fracture. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to either 60 mg subcutaneous denosumab every 6 months and oral placebo daily for 24 months, or 5 mg oral risedronate daily and subcutaneous placebo every 6 months for 24 months. Randomisation was stratified by sex within each subpopulation, and was done with an interactive voice-response system. Active drugs and corresponding placebos had identical packaging, labels, and appearance. The primary outcome was non-inferiority of denosumab to risedronate in terms of percentage change from baseline in lumbar spine bone mineral density at 12 months based on non-inferiority margins (-0·7 and -1·1 percentage points for the glucocorticoid-continuing and glucocorticoid-initiating subpopulations, respectively). Superiority was also assessed as a secondary outcome. The primary efficacy set included all randomly assigned participants who had a baseline and postbaseline lumbar spine bone mineral density measurement, and was analysed according to randomised treatment assignment. The safety analysis set included all randomly assigned participants who received at least one dose of investigational product, and was analysed by actual treatment received. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01575873) and is completed. FINDINGS: Between March 28, 2012, and June 30, 2015, 795 patients, 505 of whom were glucocorticoid continuing and 290 of whom were glucocorticoid initiating, were enrolled and randomly assigned (398 to denosumab, 397 to risedronate). Denosumab was both non-inferior and superior to risedronate at 12 months for effect on bone mineral density at the lumbar spine in both glucocorticoid-continuing (4·4% [95% CI 3·8-5·0] vs 2·3% [1·7-2·9]; p<0·0001) and glucocorticoid-initiating (3·8% [3·1-4·5] vs 0·8% [0·2-1·5]; p<0·0001) subpopulations. Incidence of adverse events, serious adverse events (including infections), and fractures was similar between treatment groups. The most common adverse events were back pain (17 [4%] patients in the risedronate group and 18 [5%] in the denosumab group) and arthralgia (21 [5%] patients in the risedronate group and 17 [4%] in the denosumab group). Serious infection occurred in 15 (4%) patients in the risedronate group and 17 (4%) patients in the denosumab group. INTERPRETATION: Denosumab could be a useful treatment option for patients newly initiating or continuing glucocorticoids who are at risk of fractures. FUNDING: Amgen.

3 Article Effect of denosumab on fasting glucose in women with diabetes or prediabetes from the FREEDOM trial. 2018

Napoli, Nicola / Pannacciulli, Nicola / Vittinghoff, Eric / Crittenden, Daria / Yun, Jang / Wang, Andrea / Wagman, Rachel / Schwartz, Ann V. ·Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, University Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, Rome, Italy. · Division of Bone and Mineral Diseases, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA. · Amgen, Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA. · Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. ·Diabetes Metab Res Rev · Pubmed #29430796.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: RANKL is a key regulator of bone resorption that may also modulate glucose metabolism. Denosumab (DMAb) is a fully human monoclonal antibody that binds RANKL and was associated with fracture risk reduction in the FREEDOM trial. We hypothesized that DMAb treatment decreased fasting serum glucose (FSG) relative to placebo in women with diabetes or prediabetes enrolled in FREEDOM trial. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of FREEDOM, in which 7808 postmenopausal osteoporotic women were randomized to receive DMAb or placebo every 6 months for 36 months. All diabetes group included subjects with a self-report of diabetes, use of antidiabetic medication (ADM), or an FSG ≥ 126 mg/dL at baseline. The diabetes group without prior ADM use included subjects with a self-reported history of diabetes or FSG level ≥ 126 mg/dL at baseline. Prediabetes was defined as an FSG of 100 to 125 mg/dL on no ADM. Average postbaseline FSG across visits was estimated and compared between DMAb and placebo. Main outcome measures are the difference in average postbaseline FSG across follow-up visits between DMAb and placebo. RESULTS: Estimated average postbaseline FSG across visits was not different between DMAb and placebo in either all diabetes group (P = .20) or those with prediabetes (P = .42); in diabetic women not on ADM, estimated average postbaseline FSG across visits was lower with DMAb than placebo (-6.8 mg/dL; 95% CI, -12.6 to -1.0; P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: DMAb did not affect FSG in postmenopausal osteoporotic women with prediabetes or diabetes. There was evidence of modest FSG lowering with DMAb in those with diabetes who were not on ADM. It remains to be determined whether blockade of RANKL has a clinically important effect on glucose metabolism.

4 Article Denosumab or Zoledronic Acid in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis Previously Treated With Oral Bisphosphonates. 2016

Miller, P D / Pannacciulli, N / Brown, J P / Czerwinski, E / Nedergaard, B S / Bolognese, M A / Malouf, J / Bone, H G / Reginster, J-Y / Singer, A / Wang, C / Wagman, R B / Cummings, S R. ·Colorado Center for Bone Research (P.D.M.), Lakewood, Colorado 80277 · Amgen Inc (N.P., C.W., R.B.W.), Thousand Oaks, California 91320 · Laval University and Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec Research Centre (J.P.B.), Québec City, Québec G1V 4G2, Canada · Krakow Medical Center (E.C.), 31-501 Krakow, Poland · Center for Clinical and Basic Research (B.S.N.), Aalborg, DK-9000 Aalborg, Denmark · Bethesda Health Research Center (M.A.B.), Bethesda, Maryland 20817 · Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau (J.M.), 08025 Barcelona, Spain · Michigan Bone and Mineral Clinic (H.G.B.), Detroit, Michigan 48236 · University of Liège (J.-Y.R.), 4000 Liège, Belgium · Georgetown University Medical Center (A.S.), Washington, DC 20007 · and San Francisco Coordinating Center (S.R.C.), California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, San Francisco, California 94143. ·J Clin Endocrinol Metab · Pubmed #27270237.

ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: Denosumab and zoledronic acid (ZOL) are parenteral treatments for patients with osteoporosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the effect of transitioning from oral bisphosphonates to denosumab or ZOL on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was an international, multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 643 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis previously treated with oral bisphosphonates participated in the study. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomized 1:1 to sc denosumab 60 mg every 6 months plus iv placebo once or ZOL 5 mg iv once plus sc placebo every 6 months for 12 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes in BMD and bone turnover markers were measured. RESULTS: BMD change from baseline at month 12 was significantly greater with denosumab compared with ZOL at the lumbar spine (primary end point; 3.2% vs 1.1%; P < .0001), total hip (1.9% vs 0.6%; P < .0001), femoral neck (1.2% vs -0.1%; P < .0001), and one-third radius (0.6% vs 0.0%; P < .05). The median decrease from baseline was greater with denosumab than ZOL for serum C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen at all time points after day 10 and for serum procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide at month 1 and at all time points after month 3 (all P < .05). Median percentage changes from baseline in serum intact PTH were significantly greater at months 3 and 9 with denosumab compared with ZOL (all P < .05). Adverse events were similar between groups. Three events consistent with the definition of atypical femoral fracture were observed (two denosumab and one ZOL). CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal women with osteoporosis previously treated with oral bisphosphonates, denosumab was associated with greater BMD increases at all measured skeletal sites and greater inhibition of bone remodeling compared with ZOL.

5 Minor Denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis - Authors' reply. 2017

Bone, Henry G / Wagman, Rachel B / Pannacciulli, Nicola / Papapoulos, Socrates. ·Michigan Bone and Mineral Clinic, Detroit, MI 48236, USA; Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Diabetes, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address: hgbone.md@att.net. · Research and Development, Amgen, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA. · Center for Bone Quality, Leiden, Netherlands; University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands. ·Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol · Pubmed #28938993.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --