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Osteoporosis: HELP
Articles by Lindsay A. Wagner
Based on 3 articles published since 2010
(Why 3 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, Lindsay Wagner wrote the following 3 articles about Osteoporosis.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Effects of Alcohol and Estrogen Receptor Blockade Using ICI 182,780 on Bone in Ovariectomized Rats. 2019

Wagner, Lindsay / Howe, Kathy / Philbrick, Kenneth A / Maddalozzo, Gianni F / Kuah, Amida F / Wong, Carmen P / Olson, Dawn A / Branscum, Adam J / Iwaniec, Urszula T / Turner, Russell T. ·Skeletal Biology Laboratory, School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. · Biostatistics Program, School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. · Center for Healthy Aging Research, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. ·Alcohol Clin Exp Res · Pubmed #31479513.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Estrogen signaling is essential for the sexual dimorphism of the skeleton, is required for normal bone remodeling balance in adults, and may influence the skeletal response to alcohol. High levels of alcohol consumption lower bone mass in ovary-intact but not ovariectomized (ovx) rats. However, the extremely rapid rate of bone loss immediately following ovx may obscure the effects of alcohol. We therefore determined (i) whether heavy alcohol consumption (35% caloric intake) influences bone in sexually mature ovx rats with established cancellous osteopenia and (ii) whether ICI 182,780 (ICI), a potent estrogen receptor signaling antagonist, alters the skeletal response to alcohol. METHODS: Three weeks following ovx, rats were randomized into 5 groups, (i) baseline, (ii) control + vehicle, (iii) control + ICI, (iv) ethanol (EtOH) + vehicle, or (v) EtOH + ICI, and treated accordingly for 4 weeks. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, microcomputed tomography, blood measurements of markers of bone turnover, and gene expression in femur and uterus were used to evaluate response to alcohol and ICI. RESULTS: Rats consuming alcohol had lower bone mass and increased fat mass. Bone microarchitecture of the tibia and gene expression in femur were altered; specifically, there was reduced accrual of cortical bone, net loss of cancellous bone, and differential expression of 19/84 genes related to bone turnover. Furthermore, osteocalcin, a marker of bone turnover, was lower in alcohol-fed rats. ICI had no effect on weight gain, body composition, or cortical bone. ICI reduced cancellous bone loss and serum CTX-1, a biochemical marker of bone resorption; alcohol antagonized the latter 2 responses. Neither alcohol nor ICI affected uterine weight or gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol exaggerated bone loss in ovx rats in the presence or absence of estrogen receptor blockade with ICI. The negligible effect of alcohol on uterus and limited effects of ICI on bone in alcohol-fed ovx rats suggest that estrogen receptor signaling plays a limited role in the action of alcohol on bone in a rat model for chronic alcohol abuse.

2 Article Acute exposure to high dose γ-radiation results in transient activation of bone lining cells. 2013

Turner, Russell T / Iwaniec, Urszula T / Wong, Carmen P / Lindenmaier, Laurence B / Wagner, Lindsay A / Branscum, Adam J / Menn, Scott A / Taylor, James / Zhang, Ye / Wu, Honglu / Sibonga, Jean D. ·Skeletal Biology Laboratory, School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA; Center for Healthy Aging Research, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA. Electronic address: Russell.Turner@oregonstate.edu. ·Bone · Pubmed #23954507.

ABSTRACT: The present studies investigated the cellular mechanisms for the detrimental effects of high dose whole body γ-irradiation on bone. In addition, radioadaptation and bone marrow transplantation were assessed as interventions to mitigate the skeletal complications of irradiation. Increased trabecular thickness and separation and reduced cancellous bone volume fraction, connectivity density, and trabecular number were detected in proximal tibia and lumbar vertebra 14days following γ-irradiation with 6Gy. To establish the cellular mechanism for the architectural changes, vertebrae were analyzed by histomorphometry 1, 3, and 14days following irradiation. Marrow cell density decreased within 1day (67% reduction, p<0.0001), reached a minimum value after 3days (86% reduction, p<0.0001), and partially rebounded by 14days (30% reduction, p=0.0025) following irradiation. In contrast, osteoblast-lined bone perimeter was increased by 290% (1day, p=0.04), 1230% (3days, p<0.0001), and 530% (14days, p=0.003), respectively. There was a strong association between radiation-induced marrow cell death and activation of bone lining cells to express the osteoblast phenotype (Pearson correlation -0.85, p<0.0001). An increase (p=0.004) in osteoclast-lined bone perimeter was also detected with irradiation. A priming dose of γ-radiation (0.5mGy), previously shown to reduce mortality, had minimal effect on the cellular responses to radiation and did not prevent detrimental changes in bone architecture. Bone marrow transplantation normalized marrow cell density, bone turnover, and most indices of bone architecture following irradiation. In summary, radiation-induced death of marrow cells is associated with 1) a transient increase in bone formation due, at least in part, to activation of bone lining cells, and 2) an increase in bone resorption due to increased osteoclast perimeter. Bone marrow transplantation is effective in mitigating the detrimental effects of acute exposure to high dose whole body γ-radiation on bone turnover.

3 Article Genistein administered as a once-daily oral supplement had no beneficial effect on the tibia in rat models for postmenopausal bone loss. 2013

Turner, Russell T / Iwaniec, Urszula T / Andrade, Juan E / Branscum, Adam J / Neese, Steven L / Olson, Dawn A / Wagner, Lindsay / Wang, Victor C / Schantz, Susan L / Helferich, William G. ·Skeletal Biology Laboratory, School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. Russell.Turner@oregonstate.edu ·Menopause · Pubmed #23385720.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Estrogen deficiency after menopause results in rapid bone loss, predisposing women to osteoporotic fractures. Genistein, a phytoestrogen present in high concentrations in soy, is an ingredient in dietary supplements aggressively marketed for bone health. However, in a recent long-duration clinical trial in postmenopausal women, the efficacy of soy extracts in reducing bone loss was disappointing. To better understand the failure of soy extracts to consistently induce a robust skeletal response in women, we investigated the long-term (5 mo) efficacy of genistein, administered as a daily oral supplement, (1) in preventing cancellous bone loss in skeletally mature virgin Long-Evans rats ovariectomized at 7 months of age and (2) in improving cancellous bone mass and architecture in aged retired-breeder rats ovariectomized at 16 or 22 months of age. METHODS: Rats within each age group were randomly assigned into one of three treatment groups (n = 7-12 rats/group): (1) vehicle control, (2) genistein 485 μg/day, or (3) genistein 970 μg/day, resulting in mean (SE) serum genistein levels of 0.18 (0.10), 0.76 (0.15), and 1.48 (0.31) μM, respectively. Total tibia bone mass and density were evaluated using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, whereas cancellous bone mass and architecture in the tibial metaphysis, as well as cortical bone mass and architecture in the tibial diaphysis, were evaluated by micro-CT. RESULTS: Oral genistein administered as a dietary supplement did not influence the cumulative effects of ovariectomy, aging, and/or reproductive history on cancellous and cortical bone mass and architecture. CONCLUSIONS: Serum levels of genistein similar to those in women consuming a high-soy diet are ineffective in preventing or treating bone loss in rat models for postmenopausal osteoporosis.