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Pancreatic Neoplasms HELP
Based on 28,716 articles published since 2007
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These are the 28716 published articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms that originated from Worldwide during 2007-2017.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
Pages: 1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 · 11 · 12 · 13 · 14 · 15 · 16 · 17 · 18 · 19 · 20
1 Guideline Diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines for gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (recommended by the Polish Network of Neuroendocrine Tumours). 2017

Kos-Kudła, Beata / Blicharz-Dorniak, Jolanta / Strzelczyk, Janusz / Bałdys-Waligórska, Agata / Bednarczuk, Tomasz / Bolanowski, Marek / Boratyn-Nowicka, Agnieszka / Borowska, Małgorzata / Cichocki, Andrzej / Ćwikła, Jarosław B / Falconi, Massimo / Foltyn, Wanda / Handkiewicz-Junak, Daria / Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Alicja / Jarząb, Barbara / Junik, Roman / Kajdaniuk, Dariusz / Kamiński, Grzegorz / Kolasińska-Ćwikła, Agnieszka / Kowalska, Aldona / Król, Robert / Królicki, Leszek / Krzakowski, Maciej / Kunikowska, Jolanta / Kuśnierz, Katarzyna / Lampe, Paweł / Lange, Dariusz / Lewczuk-Myślicka, Anna / Lewiński, Andrzej / Lipiński, Michał / Londzin-Olesik, Magdalena / Marek, Bogdan / Nasierowska-Guttmejer, Anna / Nawrocki, Sergiusz / Nowakowska-Duława, Ewa / Pilch-Kowalczyk, Joanna / Rosiek, Violetta / Ruchała, Marek / Siemińska, Lucyna / Sowa-Staszczak, Anna / Starzyńska, Teresa / Steinhof-Radwańska, Katarzyna / Sworczak, Krzysztof / Syrenicz, Anhelli / Szawłowski, Andrzej / Szczepkowski, Marek / Wachuła, Ewa / Zajęcki, Wojciech / Zemczak, Anna / Zgliczyński, Wojciech / Zieniewicz, Krzysztof. ·Klinika Endokrynologii i Nowotworów Neuroendokrynnych, Katedra Patofizjologii i Endokrynologii, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny. endoklin@sum.edu.pl. · ·Endokrynol Pol · Pubmed #28597909.

ABSTRACT: Progress in the diagnostics and therapy of gastro-entero-pancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN), the published results of new randomised clinical trials, and the new guidelines issued by the European Neuroendocrine Tumour Society (ENETS) have led the Polish Network of Neuroendocrine Tumours to update the 2013 guidelines regarding management of these neoplasms. We present the general recommendations for the management of NENs, developed by experts during the Third Round Table Conference - Diagnostics and therapy of gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms: Polish recommendations in view of current European recommenda-tions, which took place in December 2016 in Żelechów near Warsaw. Drawing from the extensive experience of centres dealing with this type of neoplasms, we hope that we have managed to develop the optimal management system, applying the most recent achievements in the field of medicine, for these patients, and that it can be implemented effectively in Poland. These management guidelines have been arranged in the following order: gastric and duodenal NENs (including gastrinoma); pancreatic NENs; NENs of the small intestine and appendix, and colorectal NENs.

2 Guideline Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms - management guidelines (recommended by the Polish Network of Neuroendocrine Tumours). 2017

Kos-Kudła, Beata / Rosiek, Violetta / Borowska, Małgorzata / Bałdys-Waligórska, Agata / Bednarczuk, Tomasz / Blicharz-Dorniak, Jolanta / Bolanowski, Marek / Boratyn-Nowicka, Agnieszka / Cichocki, Andrzej / Ćwikła, Jarosław B / Falconi, Massimo / Foltyn, Wanda / Handkiewicz-Junak, Foltyn / Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Alicja / Jarząb, Barbara / Jarząb, Michał / Junik, Roman / Kajdaniuk, Dariusz / Kamiński, Grzegorz / Kolasińska-Ćwikła, Agnieszka / Kowalska, Aldona / Król, Robert / Królicki, Leszek / Kunikowska, Jolanta / Kuśnierz, Katarzyna / Lampe, Paweł / Lange, Dariusz / Lewczuk-Myślicka, Anna / Lewiński, Andrzej / Lipiński, Michał / Londzin-Olesik, Magdalena / Marek, Bogdan / Nasierowska-Guttmejer, Anna / Nowakowska-Duława, Ewa / Pilch-Kowalczyk, Joanna / Ruchała, Marek / Siemińska, Lucyna / Sowa-Staszczak, Anna / Starzyńska, Teresa / Steinhof-Radwańska, Katarzyna / Strzelczyk, Janusz / Sworczak, Krzysztof / Syrenicz, Anhelli / Szawłowski, Andrzej / Szczepkowski, Marek / Wachuła, Ewa / Zajęcki, Wojciech / Zemczak, Anna / Zgliczyński, Wojciech. · · vml@wp.pl. ·Endokrynol Pol · Pubmed #28540973.

ABSTRACT: This article presents updated diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines for the management of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PNEN), proposed by the Polish Network of Neuroendocrine Tumours. The guidelines contain new data received in the years 2013-2016, which confirm previous recommendations, and have led to modification of previous guidelines or have resulted in the formulation of new guidelines. Biochemical and imaging (anatomical and functional) tests are of great importance in diagnostics, as well as histopathological diagnosis to determine the management of PNEN patients, but they must be confirmed by an immunohistochemical examination. PNEN therapy requires collaboration among the members a multidisciplinary team of specialists experienced in the management of these neoplasms. Surgery is the basic form of treatment in many cases. Further therapy requires a multidirectional procedure; therefore, the rules of biotherapy, peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, molecular targeted therapy, and chemotherapy are discussed.

3 Guideline Gastroduodenal neuroendocrine neoplasms, including gastrinoma - management guidelines (recommended by the Polish Network of Neuroendocrine Tumours). 2017

Lipiński, Michał / Rydzewska, Grażyna / Foltyn, Wanda / Andrysiak-Mamos, Elżbieta / Bałdys-Waligórska, Agata / Bednarczuk, Tomasz / Blicharz-Dorniak, Jolanta / Bolanowski, Marek / Boratyn-Nowicka, Agnieszka / Borowska, Małgorzata / Cichocki, Andrzej / Ćwikła, Jarosław B / Falconi, Massimo / Handkiewicz-Junak, Daria / Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Alicja / Jarząb, Barbara / Junik, Roman / Kajdaniuk, Dariusz / Kamiński, Grzegorz / Kolasińska-Ćwikła, Agnieszka / Kowalska, Aldona / Król, Robert / Królicki, Leszek / Kunikowska, Jolanta / Kuśnierz, Katarzyna / Lampe, Paweł / Lange, Dariusz / Lewczuk-Myślicka, Anna / Lewiński, Andrzej / Londzin-Olesik, Magdalena / Marek, Bogdan / Nasierowska-Guttmejer, Anna / Nowakowska-Duława, Ewa / Pilch-Kowalczyk, Joanna / Poczkaj, Karolina / Rosiek, Violetta / Ruchała, Marek / Siemińska, Lucyna / Sowa-Staszczak, Anna / Starzyńska, Teresa / Steinhof-Radwańska, Katarzyna / Strzelczyk, Janusz / Sworczak, Krzysztof / Syrenicz, Anhelli / Szawłowski, Andrzej / Szczepkowski, Marek / Wachuła, Ewa / Zajęcki, Wojciech / Zemczak, Anna / Zgliczyński, Wojciech / Kos-Kudła, Beata. · · grazka3558@yahoo.pl. ·Endokrynol Pol · Pubmed #28540972.

ABSTRACT: This paper presents the updated Polish Neuroendocrine Tumour Network expert panel recommendations on the management of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) of the stomach and duodenum, including gastrinoma. The recommendations discuss the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical presentation of these tumours as well as their diagnosis, including biochemical, histopathological, and localisation diagnoses. The principles of treatment are discussed, including endoscopic, surgical, pharmacological, and radionuclide treatments. Finally, there are also recommendations on patient monitoring.

4 Guideline [A consensus statement on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of common complications after pancreatic surgery (2017)]. 2017

Anonymous2021227 / Anonymous2031227 / Anonymous2041227. · ·Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi · Pubmed #28464570.

ABSTRACT: Based on the latest update of the consensus statement by the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery, combined with China's actual situation, an update of the previous 2010 consensus on the Chinese experts of the prevention and treatment of common complications after pancreatic surgery was developed, with more than 20 extinguished experts to participate in, following many thorough discussions.This statement included pancreatic fistula, biliary fistula, postoperative bleeding, intraperitoneal infection and gastric emptying delay, and a new chapter of chyle leak. Each chapter is defined in terms of definition, grade, classification, prevention and treatment. In the end, the long-term postoperative complications of pancreatic surgery were emphasized, and the application of Clavien-Dindo classification in the evaluation of postoperative complications of pancreatic surgery was highly-recommended.

5 Guideline Potentially Curable Pancreatic Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update. 2017

Khorana, Alok A / Mangu, Pamela B / Berlin, Jordan / Engebretson, Anitra / Hong, Theodore S / Maitra, Anirban / Mohile, Supriya G / Mumber, Matthew / Schulick, Richard / Shapiro, Marc / Urba, Susan / Zeh, Herbert J / Katz, Matthew H G. ·Alok A. Khorana and Marc Shapiro, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; Pamela B. Mangu, American Society of Clinical Oncology, Alexandria, VA; Jordan Berlin, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN; Anitra Engebretson, Pancreatic Cancer Action Network, Manhattan Beach, CA; Theodore S. Hong, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; Anirban Maitra and Matthew H.G. Katz, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; Supriya G. Mohile, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY; Matthew Mumber, Harbin Clinic, Rome, GA; Richard Schulick, University of Colorado at Denver, Denver, CO; Susan Urba, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; and Herbert J. Zeh, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. ·J Clin Oncol · Pubmed #28398845.

ABSTRACT: Purpose To update the Potentially Curable Pancreatic Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline published on May 31, 2016. The October 2016 update focuses solely on new evidence that pertains to clinical question 4 of the guideline: What is the appropriate adjuvant regimen for patients with pancreatic cancer who have undergone an R0 or R1 resection of their primary tumor? Methods The recently published results of a randomized phase III study prompted an update of this guideline. The high quality of the reported evidence and the potential for its clinical impact prompted the Expert Panel to revise one of the guideline recommendations. Results The ESPAC-4 study, a multicenter, international, open-label randomized controlled phase III trial of adjuvant combination chemotherapy compared gemcitabine and capecitabine with gemcitabine monotherapy in 730 evaluable patients with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Median overall survival was improved in the doublet arm to 28.0 months (95% CI, 23.5 to 31.5 months) versus 25.5 months (95% CI, 22.7 to 27.9 months) for gemcitabine alone (hazard ratio, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.68 to 0.98; P = .032). Grade 3 and 4 adverse events were similar in both arms, although higher rates of hand-foot syndrome and diarrhea occurred in patients randomly assigned to the doublet arm. Recommendations All patients with resected pancreatic cancer who did not receive preoperative therapy should be offered 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy in the absence of medical or surgical contraindications. The doublet regimen of gemcitabine and capecitabine is preferred in the absence of concerns for toxicity or tolerance; alternatively, monotherapy with gemcitabine or fluorouracil plus folinic acid can be offered. Adjuvant treatment should be initiated within 8 weeks of surgical resection, assuming complete recovery. The remaining recommendations from the original 2016 ASCO guideline are unchanged.

6 Guideline [Recommendations for the diagnosis, staging and treatment of pre-malignant lesions and pancreatic adenocarcinoma]. 2016

Martin-Richard, Marta / Ginès, Angels / Ayuso, Juan Ramón / Sabater, Luis / Fabregat, Joan / Mendez, Ramiro / Fernández-Esparrach, Glòria / Molero, Xavier / Vaquero, Eva C / Cuatrecasas, Miriam / Ferrández, Antonio / Maurel, Joan / Anonymous711379. ·Servicio de Oncología Médica, Hospital Sant Pau, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: mmartinri@santpau.cat. · Servicio de Gastroenterología, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd), Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, España. · Servicio de Radiología, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, España. · Servicio de Cirugía, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, España. · Servicio de Cirugía, Hospital de Bellvitge, Barcelona, España. · Servicio de Radiología, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, España. · Servicio de Gastroenterología, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España. · Servicio de Anatomía Patológica, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, España. · Servicio de Anatomía Patológica, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, España. · Servicio de Oncología Médica, Translational Genomics and Targeted Therapeutics in Solid Tumors Group, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd), Barcelona, España; Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, España. · ·Med Clin (Barc) · Pubmed #27726847.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Clinical management of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas is complex, and requires a multidisciplinary approach. The same applies for the premalignant lesions that are increasingly being diagnosed. The current document is an update on the diagnosis and management of premalignant lesions and adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A conference to establish the basis of the literature review and manuscript redaction was organized by the Grupo Español Multidisciplinar en Cáncer Digestivo. Experts in the field from different specialties (Gastroenterology, Surgery, Radiology, Pathology, Medical Oncology and Radiation Oncology) met to prepare the present document. RESULTS: The current literature was reviewed and discussed, with subsequent deliberation on the evidence. CONCLUSIONS: Final recommendations were established in view of all the above.

7 Guideline [Radiation therapy of pancreatic cancer]. 2016

Huguet, F / Mornex, F / Orthuon, A. ·Service d'oncologie radiothérapie, hôpital Tenon, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France. Electronic address: florence.huguet@aphp.fr. · Département d'oncologie radiothérapie, centre hospitalier Lyon Sud, 69000 Pierre-Bénite, France; EMR 3738, université Claude-Bernard Lyon 1, 69000 Lyon, France. · Unité de radiophysique, service de radiothérapie, hôpital Tenon, AP-HP, 75020 Paris, France. ·Cancer Radiother · Pubmed #27523418.

ABSTRACT: Currently, the use of radiation therapy for patients with pancreatic cancer is subject to discussion. In adjuvant setting, the standard treatment is 6 months of chemotherapy with gemcitabine and capecitabine. Chemoradiation (CRT) may improve the survival of patients with incompletely resected tumors (R1). This should be confirmed by a prospective trial. Neoadjuvant CRT is a promising treatment especially for patients with borderline resectable tumors. For patients with locally advanced tumors, there is no a standard. An induction chemotherapy followed by CRT for non-progressive patients reduces the rate of local relapse. Whereas in the first trials of CRT large fields were used, the treated volumes have been reduced to improve tolerance. Tumor movements induced by breathing should be taken in account. Intensity modulated radiation therapy allows a reduction of doses to the organs at risk. Whereas widely used, this technique is not recommended.

8 Guideline Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline. 2016

Sohal, Davendra P S / Mangu, Pamela B / Khorana, Alok A / Shah, Manish A / Philip, Philip A / O'Reilly, Eileen M / Uronis, Hope E / Ramanathan, Ramesh K / Crane, Christopher H / Engebretson, Anitra / Ruggiero, Joseph T / Copur, Mehmet S / Lau, Michelle / Urba, Susan / Laheru, Daniel. ·Davendra P.S. Sohal and Alok A. Khorana, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; Pamela B. Mangu, American Society of Clinical Oncology, Alexandria, VA; Manish A. Shah, The Weill Cornell Medical Center; Philip A. Philip, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit; Susan Urba, University of Michigan Cancer Center, Ann Arbor, MI; Eileen M. O'Reilly, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Joseph T. Ruggiero, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY; Hope E. Uronis, Duke University, Durham, NC; Ramesh K. Ramanathan, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale; Michelle Lau, Community Hospital Based Cancer Center, Tempe, AZ; Christopher H. Crane, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; Anitra Engebretson, Patient Representative, Portland, OR; Mehmet S. Copur, St Francis Medical Center, Grand Island, NE; and Daniel Laheru, Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD. ·J Clin Oncol · Pubmed #27247222.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To provide evidence-based recommendations to oncologists and others for the treatment of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. METHODS: American Society of Clinical Oncology convened an Expert Panel of medical oncology, radiation oncology, surgical oncology, gastroenterology, palliative care, and advocacy experts to conduct a systematic review of the literature from April 2004 to June 2015. Outcomes were overall survival, disease-free survival, progression-free survival, and adverse events. RESULTS: Twenty-four randomized controlled trials met the systematic review criteria. RECOMMENDATIONS: A multiphase computed tomography scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis should be performed. Baseline performance status and comorbidity profile should be evaluated. Goals of care, patient preferences, treatment response, psychological status, support systems, and symptom burden should guide decisions for treatments. A palliative care referral should occur at first visit. FOLFIRINOX (leucovorin, fluorouracil, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin; favorable comorbidity profile) or gemcitabine plus nanoparticle albumin-bound (NAB) -paclitaxel (adequate comorbidity profile) should be offered to patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) 0 to 1 based on patient preference and support system available. Gemcitabine alone is recommended for patients with ECOG PS 2 or with a comorbidity profile that precludes other regimens; the addition of capecitabine or erlotinib may be offered. Patients with an ECOG PS ≥ 3 and poorly controlled comorbid conditions should be offered cancer-directed therapy only on a case-by-case basis; supportive care should be emphasized. For second-line therapy, gemcitabine plus NAB-paclitaxel should be offered to patients with first-line treatment with FOLFIRINOX, an ECOG PS 0 to 1, and a favorable comorbidity profile; fluorouracil plus oxaliplatin, irinotecan, or nanoliposomal irinotecan should be offered to patients with first-line treatment with gemcitabine plus NAB-paclitaxel, ECOG PS 0 to 1, and favorable comorbidity profile, and gemcitabine or fluorouracil should be offered to patients with either an ECOG PS 2 or a comorbidity profile that precludes other regimens. Additional information is available at www.asco.org/guidelines/MetPC and www.asco.org/guidelineswiki.

9 Guideline The role of endoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of cystic pancreatic neoplasms. 2016

Anonymous4011244 / Muthusamy, V Raman / Chandrasekhara, Vinay / Acosta, Ruben D / Bruining, David H / Chathadi, Krishnavel V / Eloubeidi, Mohamad A / Faulx, Ashley L / Fonkalsrud, Lisa / Gurudu, Suryakanth R / Khashab, Mouen A / Kothari, Shivangi / Lightdale, Jenifer R / Pasha, Shabana F / Saltzman, John R / Shaukat, Aasma / Wang, Amy / Yang, Julie / Cash, Brooks D / DeWitt, John M. · ·Gastrointest Endosc · Pubmed #27206409.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

10 Guideline ENETS Consensus Guidelines Update for the Management of Patients with Functional Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors and Non-Functional Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. 2016

Falconi, M / Eriksson, B / Kaltsas, G / Bartsch, D K / Capdevila, J / Caplin, M / Kos-Kudla, B / Kwekkeboom, D / Rindi, G / Klöppel, G / Reed, N / Kianmanesh, R / Jensen, R T / Anonymous540960. · ·Neuroendocrinology · Pubmed #26742109.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

11 Guideline ENETS Consensus Guidelines for High-Grade Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors and Neuroendocrine Carcinomas. 2016

Garcia-Carbonero, R / Sorbye, H / Baudin, E / Raymond, E / Wiedenmann, B / Niederle, B / Sedlackova, E / Toumpanakis, C / Anlauf, M / Cwikla, J B / Caplin, M / O'Toole, D / Perren, A / Anonymous1890946. ·Medical Oncology Department, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Spain. · ·Neuroendocrinology · Pubmed #26731334.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

12 Guideline ENETS Consensus Guidelines Update for the Management of Distant Metastatic Disease of Intestinal, Pancreatic, Bronchial Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (NEN) and NEN of Unknown Primary Site. 2016

Pavel, M / O'Toole, D / Costa, F / Capdevila, J / Gross, D / Kianmanesh, R / Krenning, E / Knigge, U / Salazar, R / Pape, U-F / Öberg, K / Anonymous1860946. ·Charite Virchow Klinikum, Berlin, Germany. · ·Neuroendocrinology · Pubmed #26731013.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

13 Guideline The role of endoscopy in the evaluation and management of patients with solid pancreatic neoplasia. 2016

Anonymous5960853 / Eloubeidi, Mohamad A / Decker, G Anton / Chandrasekhara, Vinay / Chathadi, Krishnavel V / Early, Dayna S / Evans, John A / Fanelli, Robert D / Fisher, Deborah A / Foley, Kimberly / Hwang, Joo Ha / Jue, Terry L / Lightdale, Jenifer R / Pasha, Shabana F / Saltzman, John R / Sharaf, Ravi / Shergill, Amandeep K / Cash, Brooks D / DeWitt, John M. · ·Gastrointest Endosc · Pubmed #26706297.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

14 Guideline Validation of the 2012 International Consensus Guidelines Using Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Branch Duct and Main Duct Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms of the Pancreas. 2016

Seo, Nieun / Byun, Jae Ho / Kim, Jin Hee / Kim, Hyoung Jung / Lee, Seung Soo / Song, Ki Byung / Kim, Song-Cheol / Han, Duck Jong / Hong, Seung-Mo / Lee, Moon-Gyu. ·*Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea †Department of Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea ‡Department of Pathology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. · ·Ann Surg · Pubmed #25822687.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To validate the 2012 guidelines for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas and to compare diagnostic performances of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for differentiating malignant from benign IPMN. BACKGROUND: As IPMN has variable risks of malignancy and management of this entity is closely related to its malignant potential, it is important to predict risks of IPMN malignancy. METHODS: This retrospective study included 158 patients with surgically confirmed IPMN of the pancreas who underwent both preoperative CT and MRI. Two radiologists evaluated the "high-risk stigmata" and "worrisome features" of the 2012 guidelines for branch duct (BD)-IPMN and main duct (MD)-IPMN. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used to identify significant predictors of malignancy in IPMN. The diagnostic performance was compared between CT and MRI. RESULTS: Malignant IPMN was seen in 8 of 60 patients (13.3%) with BD-IPMN and 44 of 98 patients (44.9%) with MD-IPMN. Presence of mural nodule was the most important predictor in BD-IPMN and MD-IPMN (odds ratios, 9.2 and 7.6, respectively, P = 0.01 on CT; and odds ratios, 5.7 and 13.3, respectively, P ≤ 0.04 on MRI), whereas mural nodule size and lymphadenopathy were significant only in MD-IPMN (P < 0.05). The diagnostic performance of CT and MRI for significant findings was not statistically different in both types of IPMN (P > 0.34). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of mural nodule was the most important predictor of malignancy in both types of IPMN. Mural nodule size and lymphadenopathy were also significant predictors in MD-IPMN. Computed tomography and MRI showed similar diagnostic performances for differentiating malignant from benign IPMN.

15 Guideline Pathologic Evaluation and Reporting of Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms of the Pancreas and Other Tumoral Intraepithelial Neoplasms of Pancreatobiliary Tract: Recommendations of Verona Consensus Meeting. 2016

Adsay, Volkan / Mino-Kenudson, Mari / Furukawa, Toru / Basturk, Olca / Zamboni, Giuseppe / Marchegiani, Giovanni / Bassi, Claudio / Salvia, Roberto / Malleo, Giuseppe / Paiella, Salvatore / Wolfgang, Christopher L / Matthaei, Hanno / Offerhaus, G Johan / Adham, Mustapha / Bruno, Marco J / Reid, Michelle D / Krasinskas, Alyssa / Klöppel, Günter / Ohike, Nobuyuki / Tajiri, Takuma / Jang, Kee-Taek / Roa, Juan Carlos / Allen, Peter / Fernández-del Castillo, Carlos / Jang, Jin-Young / Klimstra, David S / Hruban, Ralph H / Anonymous13091310. ·*Department of Pathology, Emory University School of Medicine and Winship Cancer Institute, Atlanta, GA †Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA ‡Department of Pathology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan §Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY ¶Department of Pathology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy ||Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA **Department of Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy ††Department of Surgery, Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD ‡‡Departments of Surgery, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany §§Departments of Pathology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands ¶¶Department of Surgery, Edouard Herriot Hospital, HCL, Lyon, France ||||Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands ***Departments of Pathology, Technical University, Munich, Germany †††Department of Pathology, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, Yokohama, Japan ‡‡‡Department of Pathology, Tokai University Hachioji Hospital, Tokyo, Japan §§§Department of Pathology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea ¶¶¶Department of Pathology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile ||||||Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY ****Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA ††††Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea ‡‡‡‡Department of Pathology, Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. · ·Ann Surg · Pubmed #25775066.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There are no established guidelines for pathologic diagnosis/reporting of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs). DESIGN: An international multidisciplinary group, brought together by the Verona Pancreas Group in Italy-2013, was tasked to devise recommendations. RESULTS: (1) Crucial to rule out invasive carcinoma with extensive (if not complete) sampling. (2) Invasive component is to be documented in a full synoptic report including its size, type, grade, and stage. (3) The term "minimally invasive" should be avoided; instead, invasion size with stage and substaging of T1 (1a, b, c; ≤ 0.5, > 0.5-≤ 1, > 1 cm) is to be documented. (4) Largest diameter of the invasion, not the distance from the nearest duct, is to be used. (5) A category of "indeterminate/(suspicious) for invasion" is acceptable for rare cases. (6) The term "malignant" IPMN should be avoided. (7) The highest grade of dysplasia in the non-invasive component is to be documented separately. (8) Lesion size is to be correlated with imaging findings in cysts with rupture. (9) The main duct diameter and, if possible, its involvement are to be documented; however, it is not required to provide main versus branch duct classification in the resected tumor. (10) Subtyping as gastric/intestinal/pancreatobiliary/oncocytic/mixed is of value. (11) Frozen section is to be performed highly selectively, with appreciation of its shortcomings. (12) These principles also apply to other similar tumoral intraepithelial neoplasms (mucinous cystic neoplasms, intra-ampullary, and intra-biliary/cholecystic). CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations will ensure proper communication of salient tumor characteristics to the management teams, accurate comparison of data between analyses, and development of more effective management algorithms.

16 Guideline Singapore Cancer Network (SCAN) Guidelines for Systemic Therapy of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. 2015

Anonymous681041. · ·Ann Acad Med Singapore · Pubmed #26763056.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The SCAN pancreatic cancer workgroup aimed to develop Singapore Cancer Network (SCAN) clinical practice guidelines for systemic therapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The workgroup utilised a modified ADAPTE process to calibrate high quality international evidence-based clinical practice guidelines to our local setting. RESULTS: Five international guidelines were evaluated- those developed by the National Cancer Comprehensive Network (2014), the European Society of Medical Oncology (2012), Cancer Care Ontario (2013), the Japan Pancreas Society (2013) and the British Society of Gastroenterology, Pancreatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland (2005). Recommendations on the management of resected, borderline resectable, locally advanced and metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma were developed. CONCLUSION: These adapted guidelines form the SCAN Guidelines for systemic therapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma in Singapore.

17 Guideline [Guidelines for gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors--what is new? What should be incorporated in daily therapeutic decisions?]. 2015

Grabowski, P / Hörsch, D. ·Charité, Gastroenterologie, Berlin, Germany. · Zentralklinik Bad Berka GmbH, Gastroenterologie, Bad Berka, Germany. ·Z Gastroenterol · Pubmed #26480056.

ABSTRACT: Neuroendocrine neoplasias are seldom, but increasing. This holds true for the incidence but even more for the prevalence, since patients are able to live with their disease for quite a long time. The European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) as well as other societies (NANETS: North American Neuroendocrine Tumor Society; NCCN: National Comprehensive Cancer Network; ESMO: European Society of Medical Oncology) have published diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines that we present in this review. We aim to summarize those actual guidelines in a practice-based diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm, but also wish to point to open questions that have to be discussed in a multidisciplinary approach.

18 Guideline American gastroenterological association institute guideline on the diagnosis and management of asymptomatic neoplastic pancreatic cysts. 2015

Vege, Santhi Swaroop / Ziring, Barry / Jain, Rajeev / Moayyedi, Paul / Anonymous1190825 / Anonymous1200825. ·Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. · Division of Internal Medicine, Sidney Kimmel College of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. · Texas Digestive Disease Consultants, Dallas, Texas. · Division of Gastroenterology, Hamilton Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. · ·Gastroenterology · Pubmed #25805375.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

19 Guideline Appropriateness of systemic treatments in unresectable metastatic well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. 2015

Strosberg, Jonathan R / Fisher, George A / Benson, Al B / Anthony, Lowell B / Arslan, Bulent / Gibbs, John F / Greeno, Edward / Iyer, Renuka V / Kim, Michelle K / Maples, William J / Philip, Philip A / Wolin, Edward M / Cherepanov, Dasha / Broder, Michael S. ·Jonathan R Strosberg, Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL 33612, United States. ·World J Gastroenterol · Pubmed #25741154.

ABSTRACT: AIM: To evaluate systemic treatment choices in unresectable metastatic well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) and provide consensus treatment recommendations. METHODS: Systemic treatment options for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors have expanded in recent years to include somatostatin analogs, angiogenesis inhibitors, inhibitors of mammalian target of rapamycin and cytotoxic agents. At this time, there is little data to guide treatment selection and sequence. We therefore assembled a panel of expert physicians to evaluate systemic treatment choices and provide consensus treatment recommendations. Treatment appropriateness ratings were collected using the RAND/UCLA modified Delphi process. After studying the literature, a multidisciplinary panel of 10 physicians assessed the appropriateness of various medical treatment scenarios on a 1-9 scale. Ratings were done both before and after an extended discussion of the evidence. Quantitative measurements of agreement were made and consensus statements developed from the second round ratings. RESULTS: Specialties represented were medical and surgical oncology, interventional radiology, and gastroenterology. Panelists had practiced for a mean of 15.5 years (range: 6-33). Among 202 rated scenarios, disagreement decreased from 13.2% (26 scenarios) before the face-to-face discussion of evidence to 1% (2) after. In the final ratings, 46.5% (94 scenarios) were rated inappropriate, 21.8% (44) were uncertain, and 30.7% (62) were appropriate. Consensus statements from the scenarios included: (1) it is appropriate to use somatostatin analogs as first line therapy in patients with hormonally functional tumors and may be appropriate in patients who are asymptomatic; (2) it is appropriate to use everolimus, sunitinib, or cytotoxic chemotherapy therapy as first line therapy in patients with symptomatic or progressive tumors; and (3) beyond first line, these same agents can be used. In patients with uncontrolled secretory symptoms, octreotide LAR doses can be titrated up to 60 mg every 4 wk or up to 40 mg every 3 or 4 wk. CONCLUSION: Using the Delphi process allowed physician experts to systematically obtain a consensus on the appropriateness of a variety of medical therapies in patients with PNETs.

20 Guideline [Pancreatic cancer. Evidence based management guidelines of the Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group]. 2015

Szmola, Richárd / Farkas, Gyula / Hegyi, Péter / Czakó, László / Dubravcsik, Zsolt / Hritz, István / Kelemen, Dezső / Lásztity, Natália / Morvay, Zita / Oláh, Attila / Párniczky, Andrea / Rubovszky, Gábor / Sahin-Tóth, Miklós / Szentkereszti, Zsolt / Szücs, Ákos / Takács, Tamás / Tiszlavicz, László / Pap, Ákos / Anonymous4940820. ·Országos Onkológiai Intézet Intervenciós Gasztroenterológiai Részleg Budapest Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar II. Belgyógyászati Klinika Budapest. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ Sebészeti Klinika Szeged. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ I. Belgyógyászati Klinika Szeged MTA-SZTE Lendület Gasztroenterológiai Multidiszciplináris Kutatócsoport Szeged. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ I. Belgyógyászati Klinika Szeged. · Bács-Kiskun Megyei Kórház Gasztroenterológia Kecskemét. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ I. Belgyógyászati Klinika Szeged Bács-Kiskun Megyei Kórház Gasztroenterológia Kecskemét. · Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Klinikai Központ, Sebészeti Klinika Pécs. · Heim Pál Gyermekkórház-Rendelőintézet Budapest. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ Radiológiai Klinika Szeged. · Petz Aladár Megyei Oktató Kórház Sebészeti Osztály Győr. · Országos Onkológiai Intézet B Belgyógyászati-Onkológiai és Klinikai Farmakológiai Osztály Budapest. · Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine Department of Molecular and Cell Biology Boston Massachusetts USA. · Debreceni Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Orvos- és Egészségtudományi Centrum Sebészeti Klinika Debrecen. · Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar I. Sebészeti Klinika Budapest. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ Pathologiai Intézet Szeged. · Péterfy Sándor utcai Kórház-Rendelőintézet Budapest. · ·Orv Hetil · Pubmed #25662149.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is a disease with a poor prognosis usually diagnosed at a late stage. Therefore, screening, diagnosis, treatment and palliation of pancreatic cancer patients require up-to-date and evidence based management guidelines. The Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group proposed to prepare an evidence based guideline based on the available scientific evidence and international guidelines. The preparatory and consultation board appointed by the Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group translated and complemented/modified the recent international guidelines. 37 clinical statements in 10 major topics were defined (Risk factors and genetics, Screening, Diagnosis, Staging, Surgical care, Pathology, Systemic treatment, Radiation therapy, Palliation and supportive care, Follow-up and recurrence). Evidence was graded according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) grading system. The draft of the guideline was presented and discussed at the consensus meeting in September 12, 2014. Statements were accepted with either total (more than 95% of votes, n = 15) or strong agreement (more than 70% of votes, n = 22). The present guideline is the first evidence-based pancreatic cancer guideline in Hungary that provides a solid ground for teaching purposes, offers quick reference for daily patient care and guides financing options. The authors strongly believe that these guidelines will become a standard reference for pancreatic cancer treatment in Hungary.

21 Guideline [Chronic pancreatitis. Evidence based management guidelines of the Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group]. 2015

Takács, Tamás / Czakó, László / Dubravcsik, Zsolt / Farkas, Gyula / Hegyi, Péter / Hritz, István / Kelemen, Dezső / Lásztity, Natália / Morvay, Zita / Oláh, Attila / Pap, Ákos / Párniczky, Andrea / Patai, Árpád / Sahin-Tóth, Miklós / Szentkereszti, Zsolt / Szmola, Richárd / Tiszlavicz, László / Szücs, Ákos / Anonymous4870820. ·Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ I. Belgyógyászati Klinika Szeged. · Bács-Kiskun Megyei Kórház Gasztroenterológia Kecskemét. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ Sebészeti Klinika Szeged. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ I. Belgyógyászati Klinika Szeged MTA-SZTE Lendület Gasztroenterológiai Multidiszciplináris Kutatócsoport Szeged. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ I. Belgyógyászati Klinika Szeged Bács-Kiskun Megyei Kórház Gasztroenterológia Kecskemét. · Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Klinikai Központ, Sebészeti Klinika Pécs. · Heim Pál Gyermekkórház-Rendelőintézet Budapest. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ Radiológiai Klinika Szeged. · Petz Aladár Megyei Oktató Kórház Sebészeti Osztály Győr. · Péterfy Sándor utcai Kórház-Rendelőintézet Budapest. · Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar II. Belgyógyászati Klinika Budapest. · Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine Department of Molecular and Cell Biology Boston Massachusetts USA. · Debreceni Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Orvos- és Egészségtudományi Centrum Sebészeti Klinika Debrecen. · Országos Onkológiai Intézet Intervenciós Gasztroenterológiai Részleg Budapest. · Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ Pathologiai Intézet Szeged. · Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar I. Sebészeti Klinika Budapest. · ·Orv Hetil · Pubmed #25661971.

ABSTRACT: Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease associated with structural and functional damage of the pancreas. In most cases pain, maldigestion and weight loss are the leading symptoms, which significantly worsen the quality of life. Correct diagnosis and differential diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis and treatment of these patients requires up-to-date and evidence based treatment guidelines. The Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group proposed to prepare an evidence based guideline based on the available international guidelines and evidence. The preparatory and consultation task force appointed by the Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group translated and complemented and/or modified the international guidelines if it was necessary. 123 relevant clinical questions in 11 topics were defined. Evidence was classified according to the UpToDate® grading system. The draft of the guidelines were presented and discussed at the consensus meeting in September 12, 2014. All clinical questions were accepted with total or strong agreement. The present guideline is the first evidence based guideline for chronic pancreatitis in Hungary. This guideline provides very important and helpful data for tuition, everyday practice and proper financing of chronic pancreatitis. Therefore, the authors believe that these guidelines will widely become a basic reference in Hungary.

22 Guideline Consensus Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Management of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: Guidelines from a Canadian National Expert Group. 2015

Singh, Simron / Dey, Chris / Kennecke, Hagen / Kocha, Walter / Maroun, Jean / Metrakos, Peter / Mukhtar, Tariq / Pasieka, Janice / Rayson, Daniel / Rowsell, Corwyn / Sideris, Lucas / Wong, Ralph / Law, Calvin. ·Department of Medicine, Odette Cancer Centre - Sunnybrook Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, simron.singh@sunnybrook.ca. · ·Ann Surg Oncol · Pubmed #25366583.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) are rare heterogeneous tumors that have been steadily increasing in both incidence and prevalence during the past few decades. Pancreatic NETs are categorized as functional (F) or nonfunctional (NF) based on their ability to secrete hormones that elicit clinically relevant symptoms. Specialized diagnostic tests are required for diagnosis. Treatment options are diverse and include surgical resection, intraarterial hepatic therapy, and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). Systemic therapy options include targeted agents as well as chemotherapy when indicated. Diagnosis and management should occur through a collaborative team of health care practitioners well-experienced in managing pNETs. Recent advances in pNET treatment options have led to the development of the Canadian consensus document described in this report. The discussion includes the epidemiology, classification, pathology, clinical presentation and prognosis, imaging and laboratory testing, medical and surgical management, and recommended treatment algorithms for pancreatic neuroendocrine cancers.

23 Guideline Saudi Oncology Society clinical management guideline series. Pancreatic cancer 2014. 2014

Rahal, Mohammed M / Bazarbashi, Shouki N / Kandil, Magdy S / Al-Shehri, Ahmed S / Alzahrani, Ali M / Aljubran, Ali H / Zekri, Jamal E / Al Olayan, Ashwaq A / Alsharm, Abdullah A / Kabbani, Monther A / Fagih, Mosa A / Anonymous1550815. ·Department of Oncology, Oncology Center, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail. mohamedrahal@hotmail.com. · ·Saudi Med J · Pubmed #25491225.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

24 Guideline [Borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: ISGPS consensus statement]. 2014

Strobel, O / Büchler, M W / Anonymous3341295. ·Klinik für Allgemein-, Viszeral- und Transplantationschirurgie, Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120, Heidelberg, Deutschland, Oliver.Strobel@med.uni-heidelberg.de. · ·Chirurg · Pubmed #25385138.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

25 Guideline American Pancreatic Association Practice Guidelines in Chronic Pancreatitis: evidence-based report on diagnostic guidelines. 2014

Conwell, Darwin L / Lee, Linda S / Yadav, Dhiraj / Longnecker, Daniel S / Miller, Frank H / Mortele, Koenraad J / Levy, Michael J / Kwon, Richard / Lieb, John G / Stevens, Tyler / Toskes, Phillip P / Gardner, Timothy B / Gelrud, Andres / Wu, Bechien U / Forsmark, Christopher E / Vege, Santhi S. ·From the *Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH; †Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endoscopy, Department of Internal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; ‡Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA; §Department of Pathology, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH; ║Department of Radiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; ¶Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconness Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; #Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; **Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI; ††Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; ‡‡Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; §§Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; ║║Department of Gastroenterology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL; and ¶¶Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. · ·Pancreas · Pubmed #25333398.

ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis remains challenging in early stages of the disease. This report defines the diagnostic criteria useful in the assessment of patients with suspected and established chronic pancreatitis. All current diagnostic procedures are reviewed, and evidence-based statements are provided about their utility and limitations. Diagnostic criteria for chronic pancreatitis are classified as definitive, probable, or insufficient evidence. A diagnostic (STEP-wise; survey, tomography, endoscopy, and pancreas function testing) algorithm is proposed that proceeds from a noninvasive to a more invasive approach. This algorithm maximizes specificity (low false-positive rate) in subjects with chronic abdominal pain and equivocal imaging changes. Furthermore, a nomenclature is suggested to further characterize patients with established chronic pancreatitis based on TIGAR-O (toxic, idiopathic, genetic, autoimmune, recurrent, and obstructive) etiology, gland morphology (Cambridge criteria), and physiologic state (exocrine, endocrine function) for uniformity across future multicenter research collaborations. This guideline will serve as a baseline manuscript that will be modified as new evidence becomes available and our knowledge of chronic pancreatitis improves.

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