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Parkinson Disease: HELP
Articles by John D. Sorkin
Based on 3 articles published since 2010
(Why 3 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, John D. Sorkin wrote the following 3 articles about Parkinson Disease.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Randomized clinical trial of 3 types of physical exercise for patients with Parkinson disease. 2013

Shulman, Lisa M / Katzel, Leslie I / Ivey, Frederick M / Sorkin, John D / Favors, Knachelle / Anderson, Karen E / Smith, Barbara A / Reich, Stephen G / Weiner, William J / Macko, Richard F. ·University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Baltimore,MD21201, USA. lshulman@som.umaryland.edu ·JAMA Neurol · Pubmed #23128427.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of treadmill exercises and stretching and resistance exercises in improving gait speed, strength, and fitness for patients with Parkinson disease. DESIGN: A comparative, prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical trial of 3 types of physical exercise. SETTING: The Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center at the University of Maryland and the Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center. PATIENTS: A total of 67 patients with Parkinson disease who had gait impairment were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 arms of the trial. INTERVENTIONS; (1) A higher-intensity treadmill exercise (30 minutes at 70%-80% of heart rate reserve), (2) a lower-intensity treadmill exercise (50 minutes at 40%-50% of heart rate reserve), and (3) stretching and resistance exercises (2 sets of 10 repetitions on each leg on 3 resistance machines [leg press, leg extension, and curl]). These exercises were performed 3 times a week for 3 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measures were gait speed (6-minute walk), cardiovascular fitness (peak oxygen consumption per unit time [$$ VO2], and muscle strength (1-repetition maximum strength). RESULTS: All 3 types of physical exercise improved distance on the 6-minute walk: lower-intensity treadmill exercise (12% increase; P=.001), stretching and resistance exercises (9% increase; P<.02), and higher-intensity treadmill exercise (6% increase; P=.07), with no between-group differences. Both treadmill exercises improved peak $$ VO2 (7%-8% increase; P<.05) more than did the stretching and resistance exercises. Only stretching and resistance improved muscle strength (16% increase; P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: The effects of exercise were seen across all 3 exercise groups. The lower-intensity treadmill exercise resulted in the greatest improvement in gait speed. Both the higher- and lower-intensity treadmill exercises improved cardiovascular fitness. Only the stretching and resistance exercises improved muscle strength. Therefore, exercise can improve gait speed, muscle strength, and fitness for patients with Parkinson disease. The combination of treadmill and resistance exercises may result in greater benefit and requires further investigation.

2 Article The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale as a predictor of peak aerobic capacity and ambulatory function. 2012

Ivey, Frederick M / Katzel, Leslie I / Sorkin, John D / Macko, Richard F / Shulman, Lisa M. ·Department of Neurology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore VA Medical Center Geriatrics Service/GRECC, BT(18) GR, 10 North Greene St, Baltimore, MD 21201-1524, USA. fivey@grecc.umaryland.edu ·J Rehabil Res Dev · Pubmed #23341319.

ABSTRACT: The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) is a widely applied index of disease severity. Our objective was to assess the utility of UPDRS for predicting peak aerobic capacity (VO2 peak) and ambulatory function. Participants (n = 70) underwent evaluation for UPDRS (Total and Motor ratings), VO2 peak, 6-minute walk distance (6MW), and 30-foot self-selected walking speed (SSWS). Using regression, we determined the extent to which the Total and Motor UPDRS scores predicted each functional capacity measure after adjusting for age and sex. We also tested whether adding the Hoehn and Yahr scale (H-Y) to the model changed predictive power of the UPDRS. Adjusted for age and sex, both the Total UPDRS and Motor UPDRS subscale failed to predict VO2 peak. The Total UPDRS did weakly predict 6MW and SSWS (both p < 0.05), but the Motor UPDRS subscale did not predict these ambulatory function tests. After adding H-Y to the model, Total UPDRS was no longer an independent predictor of 6MW but remained a predictor of SSWS. We conclude that Total and Motor UPDRS rating scales do not predict VO2 peak, but that a weak relationship exists between Total UPDRS and measures of ambulatory function.

3 Article Repeatability of aerobic capacity measurements in Parkinson disease. 2011

Katzel, Leslie I / Sorkin, John D / Macko, Richard F / Smith, Barbara / Ivey, Frederick M / Shulman, Lisa M. ·Geriatrics Research Education and Clinical Center, Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. lkatzel@grecc.umaryland.edu ·Med Sci Sports Exerc · Pubmed #21606869.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Maximal or peak aerobic capacity (VO(2peak)) during a maximal-effort graded exercise test is considered by many to be the "gold standard" outcome for assessing the effect of exercise training on cardiorespiratory fitness. The reliability of this measure in Parkinson disease (PD) has not been established, where the degree of motor impairment can vary greatly and is influenced by medications. This study examined the reliability of VO(2peak) during a maximal-effort graded exercise test in subjects with PD. METHODS: Seventy healthy middle-aged and older subjects with PD Hoehn and Yahr stage 1.5-3 underwent a screening/acclimatization maximal-effort treadmill test followed by two additional maximal-effort treadmill tests with repeated measurements of VO(2peak). A third VO(2peak) test was performed in a subset of 21 subjects. RESULTS: The mean VO(2peak) measurement was 2.4% higher in the second test compared with the first test (21.42 ± 4.3 vs 21.93 ± 4.50 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1), mean ± SD, P = 0.03). The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for VO(2peak) expressed either as milliliters per kilogram per minute or as liters per minute were highly reliable, with ICC of 0.90 and 0.94, respectively. The maximum HR (ICC of 0.91) and final speed achieved during the tests (ICC of 0.94) were also highly reliable, with the respiratory quotient being the least reliable of the parameters measured (ICC of 0.65). CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that measurement of VO(2peak) is reliable and repeatable in subjects with mild to moderate PD, thereby validating use of this parameter for assessing the effects of exercise interventions on cardiorespiratory fitness.