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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders: HELP
Articles by Angela J. Narayan
Based on 4 articles published since 2010
(Why 4 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Angela Narayan wrote the following 4 articles about Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Adverse childhood experiences and prenatal mental health: Type of ACEs and age of maltreatment onset. 2019

Atzl, Victoria M / Narayan, Angela J / Rivera, Luisa M / Lieberman, Alicia F. ·Department of Psychology, University of Denver. · Department of Anthropology, Emory University. · Department of Psychiatry/Child Trauma Research Program, University of California, San Francisco. ·J Fam Psychol · Pubmed #30802085.

ABSTRACT: Childhood adversity can have long-term deleterious effects on adulthood mental health outcomes, but more research is needed examining how type and timing of childhood adversity affect mental health specifically during pregnancy. The current study examined the effects of total adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms during pregnancy, unpacked effects of total adversity into childhood maltreatment versus family dysfunction experiences, and assessed age of onset effects of child maltreatment-specific experiences. Participants were 101 low-income pregnant women (M = 29.10 years, SD = 6.56, range = 18-44; 37% Latina, 22% African American, 20% White, 13% biracial/multiracial, 8% other; 26% Spanish-speaking) who completed instruments on childhood adversity, PTSD and depression symptoms during pregnancy, and demographics. Results indicated that total ACEs predicted elevated PTSD and depression symptoms during pregnancy, as did maltreatment ACEs, but not family dysfunction ACEs. Early childhood onset of maltreatment significantly predicted elevated PTSD symptoms during pregnancy, whereas middle childhood and adolescent onset did not. No age of onset of maltreatment variable significantly predicted depression symptoms during pregnancy. Findings underscore the importance of differentiating between childhood maltreatment versus family dysfunction ACEs and examining the timing and accumulation of maltreatment experiences during childhood, because these factors affect mental health during pregnancy. Findings also support universal prenatal screening for PTSD symptoms to identify at-risk pregnant women who could benefit from interventions to disrupt the intergenerational transmission of risk and give families the healthiest possible beginning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

2 Article Protective factors that buffer against the intergenerational transmission of trauma from mothers to young children: A replication study of angels in the nursery. 2019

Narayan, Angela J / Ippen, Chandra Ghosh / Harris, William W / Lieberman, Alicia F. ·Department of Psychology,University of Denver. · Department of Psychiatry and Child Trauma Research Program,University of California,San Francisco. · Children's Research and Education Institute,New York City. ·Dev Psychopathol · Pubmed #30757987.

ABSTRACT: This replication study examined protective effects of positive childhood memories with caregivers ("angels in the nursery") against lifespan and intergenerational transmission of trauma. More positive, elaborated angel memories were hypothesized to buffer associations between mothers' childhood maltreatment and their adulthood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms, comorbid psychopathology, and children's trauma exposure. Participants were 185 mothers (M age = 30.67 years, SD = 6.44, range = 17-46 years, 54.6% Latina, 17.8% White, 10.3% African American, 17.3% other; 24% Spanish speaking) and children (M age = 42.51 months; SD = 15.95, range = 3-72 months; 51.4% male). Mothers completed the Angels in the Nursery Interview (Van Horn, Lieberman, & Harris, 2008), and assessments of childhood maltreatment, adulthood psychopathology, children's trauma exposure, and demographics. Angel memories significantly moderated associations between maltreatment and PTSD (but not depression) symptoms, comorbid psychopathology, and children's trauma exposure. For mothers with less positive, elaborated angel memories, higher levels of maltreatment predicted higher levels of psychopathology and children's trauma exposure. For mothers with more positive, elaborated memories, however, predictive associations were not significant, reflecting protective effects. Furthermore, protective effects against children's trauma exposure were significant only for female children, suggesting that angel memories may specifically buffer against intergenerational trauma from mothers to daughters.

3 Article Positive childhood experiences predict less psychopathology and stress in pregnant women with childhood adversity: A pilot study of the benevolent childhood experiences (BCEs) scale. 2018

Narayan, Angela J / Rivera, Luisa M / Bernstein, Rosemary E / Harris, William W / Lieberman, Alicia F. ·University of Denver, Department of Psychology, United States; University of California, San Francisco, Department of Psychiatry/Child Trauma Research Program, United States. Electronic address: Angela.Narayan@du.edu. · Department of Anthropology, Emory University, United States. · University of California, San Francisco, Department of Psychiatry/Child Trauma Research Program, United States. · Children's Research and Education Institute, New York City, United States. ·Child Abuse Negl · Pubmed #28992958.

ABSTRACT: This pilot study examined the psychometric properties of the Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) scale, a new instrument designed to assess positive early life experiences in adults with histories of childhood maltreatment and other adversities. A counterpart to the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) questionnaire, the BCEs was developed to be multiculturally-sensitive and applicable regardless of socioeconomic position, urban-rural background, or immigration status. Higher levels of BCEs were hypothesized to predict lower levels of psychopathology and stress beyond the effects of ACES in a sample of ethnically diverse, low-income pregnant women. BCEs were also expected to show adequate internal validity across racial/ethnic groups and test-retest stability from the prenatal to the postnatal period. Participants were 101 pregnant women (M=29.10years, SD=6.56, range=18-44; 37% Latina, 22% African-American, 20% White, 21% biracial/multiracial/other; 37% foreign-born, 26% Spanish-speaking) who completed the BCEs and ACEs scales; assessments of prenatal depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, perceived stress, and exposure to stressful life events (SLEs) during pregnancy; and demographic information. Higher levels of BCEs predicted less PTSD symptoms and SLEs, above and beyond ACEs. The BCEs showed excellent test-retest reliability, and mean levels were comparable across racial/ethnic and Spanish-English groups of women. Person-oriented analyses also showed that higher levels of BCEs offset the effects of ACEs on prenatal stress and psychopathology. The BCEs scale indexes promising promotive factors associated with lower trauma-related symptomatology and stress exposure during pregnancy and illuminates how favorable childhood experiences may counteract long-term effects of childhood adversity.

4 Article Matched trauma: The role of parents' and children's shared history of childhood domestic violence exposure in parents' report of children's trauma-related symptomatology. 2016

Cohodes, Emily / Hagan, Melissa / Narayan, Angela / Lieberman, Alicia. ·a Child Trauma Research Program, Department of Psychiatry , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California , USA. ·J Trauma Dissociation · Pubmed #26158778.

ABSTRACT: Parents' childhood experiences of trauma may influence their reports of their children's behavior, and this may be particularly true when children are also traumatized. The present study proposed and tested a matched trauma hypothesis, positing that compared to parents without a childhood history of witnessing domestic violence (DV), parents with a childhood history of witnessing DV may report their children's trauma-related symptomatology differently following children's exposure to DV. Of 137 included parents (M age = 32 years; 93% mothers), 81 reported witnessing childhood DV (matched group), whereas 56 reported no childhood DV exposure (nonmatched comparison group). All parents reported on their 3- to 6-year-old children's dissociation and posttraumatic stress symptoms following children's DV exposure. An analysis of covariance controlling for parental life stress, dissociation symptoms, and other childhood traumatic events revealed that parents who witnessed childhood DV reported significantly fewer child dissociation symptoms than comparison parents. No difference was found for parents' reports of children's posttraumatic stress symptoms. Exploratory analyses on a subsample of children with teacher reports of child dissociation symptoms (n = 75) revealed that the strength of the association between parent and teacher reports of dissociation symptoms was moderated by matched versus nonmatched group membership. Findings suggest the importance of considering a parent's history of trauma when using parents as informants for children's trauma symptoms.