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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders: HELP
Articles by Landy F. Sparr
Based on 2 articles published since 2010
(Why 2 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Landy Sparr wrote the following 2 articles about Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Combat-related PTSD in military court: a diagnosis in search of a defense. 2015

Sparr, Landy F. ·Oregon Health and Science University, Department of Psychiatry (OP02), 3182 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd., Portland, OR 97239, United States. Electronic address: sparrl@ohsu.edu. ·Int J Law Psychiatry · Pubmed #25697713.

ABSTRACT: As more veterans return from Iraq and Afghanistan, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) often returns with them. As a result, PTSD has quickly become the most prevalent mental disorder diagnosis among active duty United States (U.S.) military. Although numerous studies have not only validated PTSD but have chronicled its negative behavioral impact, it remains a controversial diagnosis. It is widely diagnosed by all types of mental health professionals for even minimal trauma, and DSM-IV PTSD criteria have wide overlap with other mood and anxiety disorders. This, however, has not stopped PTSD from being used in civilian courts in the U.S. as a mental disorder to establish grounds for mental status defenses, such as insanity, diminished capacity, and self-defense, or as a basis for sentencing mitigation. Not surprisingly, PTSD has recently found its way into military courts, where some defense attorneys are eager to draw upon its understandable and linear etiology to craft some type of mental incapacity defense for their clients. As in the civilian sphere, this has met with mixed success due to relevance considerations. A recent court-martial, U.S. v. Lawrence Hutchins III, has effectively combined all the elemental nuances of PTSD in military court.

2 Article Central American victims of gang violence as asylum seekers: the role of the forensic expert. 2010

De Jesús-Rentas, Gilberto / Boehnlein, James / Sparr, Landy. ·Department of Psychiatry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97329, USA. ·J Am Acad Psychiatry Law · Pubmed #21156907.

ABSTRACT: Individuals fleeing persecution have the right to asylum. This most fundamental right was guaranteed by the 1951 United Nations (UN) Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and was implemented in the 1967 UN protocol regarding refugee status. The United States codified refugee protection and the procedures for asylum in the Refugee Act of 1980, which was made part of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). In claiming refugee status, the burden of proof rests with the asylum seeker and is often a daunting task, given language and cultural barriers, lack of knowledge about U.S. legal procedures, and the reality that oppressive states do not document their intentions to persecute dissidents. Forensic psychiatrists may be asked to provide mental health assessment in immigration cases. In this article, an example of a Central American man with a nontraditional but increasingly common request for asylum is presented, the asylum process is described, and the role of the forensic psychiatric expert before the immigration court is explored.